WSR 22-10-036
[Filed April 27, 2022, 10:43 p.m., effective April 27, 2022, 10:43 p.m.]
Effective Date of Rule: Immediately upon filing.
Purpose: The health care authority (HCA) is amending WAC 182-531-1400 to implement changes directed by the legislature in 2SHB 1325, section (2)(11), chapter 126, Laws of 2021. For mental health diagnostic assessment of children birth through age five, HCA is directed to reimburse providers for up to five sessions per assessment and for travel costs when a session is conducted in a home or community setting.
Citation of Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 182-531-1400.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 41.05.021, 41.05.160; and 2SHB 1325, section (2)(11), chapter 126, Laws of 2021.
Other Authority: Not applicable.
Under RCW 34.05.350 the agency for good cause finds that immediate adoption, amendment, or repeal of a rule is necessary for the preservation of the public health, safety, or general welfare, and that observing the time requirements of notice and opportunity to comment upon adoption of a permanent rule would be contrary to the public interest.
Reasons for this Finding: Approximately 9.5 - 14.2 percent of children birth to age five experience emotional, relational, or behavioral disturbance. Considering the impending statewide increase in behavioral health impacts and expected increase in child abuse occurrences resulting from the COVID-19 pandemic, it is urgent that the mental health system have developmentally appropriate assessment, diagnosis, and treatment protocols with flexibility to support families where they are in communities to ensure equitable, adequate care and to prevent long-term social-emotional health impacts to Washington's youngest children. The implementation of policy changes directed by 2SHB 1325, section (2)(11), chapter 126, Laws of 2021, is critical to supporting a developmentally appropriate mental health system.
This emergency filing replaces the emergency rules filed under WSR 22-02-035 on December 29, 2021. The agency is refiling to continue the emergency rule while proceeding through the permanent rule-making process. Since filing the last emergency filing, the agency completed the stakeholder review, filed the CR-102 (Proposed rule making) under WSR 22-07-090 on March 22, 2022, and held a public hearing on April 26, 2022. The agency is now reviewing the public hearing comments submitted by stakeholders and anticipates filing the final Rule-making order (CR-103P) soon.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at the Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's own Initiative: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 1, Repealed 0.
Date Adopted: April 27, 2022.
Wendy Barcus
Rules Coordinator
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 19-15-107, filed 7/22/19, effective 8/22/19)
WAC 182-531-1400Psychiatric physician-related services and other professional mental health services.
(1) The mental health services covered in this section are different from the mental health services covered under community mental health and involuntary treatment programs in chapter 182-538D WAC.
(2) Inpatient and outpatient mental health services not covered under chapter 182-538D WAC may be covered by the agency under this section.
Inpatient mental health services
(3) For hospital inpatient psychiatric admissions, providers must comply with chapter 182-538D WAC.
(4) The agency covers professional inpatient mental health services as follows:
(a) When provided by a psychiatrist, psychiatric advanced registered nurse practitioner (ARNP), psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner-board certified (PMHNP-BC), or psychologist in conjunction with the prescribing provider;
(b) The agency pays only for the total time spent on direct psychiatric client care during each visit, including services provided when making rounds. The agency considers services provided during rounds to be direct client care services and may include, but are not limited to:
(i) Individual psychotherapy up to one hour;
(ii) Family/group therapy; or
(iii) Electroconvulsive therapy.
(c) One electroconvulsive therapy or narcosynthesis per client, per day, and only when performed by a psychiatrist.
Outpatient mental health services
(5) The agency covers outpatient mental health services when provided by the following licensed health care professionals who are eligible providers under chapter 182-502 WAC:
(a) Psychiatrists;
(b) Psychologists;
(c) Psychiatric advanced registered nurse practitioners (ARNP);
(d) Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners-board certified (PMHNP-BC);
(e) Mental health counselors;
(f) Independent clinical social workers;
(g) Advanced social workers; or
(h) Marriage and family therapists.
(6) With the exception of licensed psychiatrists and psychologists, qualified health care professionals who treat clients age ((eighteen))18 and younger must:
(a) Have a minimum of ((one hundred))100 actual hours of specialized study of child development and treatment and a minimum of one year of supervised experience in the diagnosis and treatment of clients age ((eighteen))18 and younger; or
(b) Be working under supervision of a professional who meets these criteria.
(7) The agency does not limit the total number of outpatient mental health visits a licensed health care professional can provide.
(8) The agency evaluates a request for covered outpatient mental health services in excess of the limitations in this section under WAC 182-501-0169. The agency covers outpatient mental health services with the following limitations:
(a) One psychiatric diagnostic evaluation, per provider, per client, per calendar year, unless significant change in the client's circumstances renders an additional evaluation medically necessary and is authorized by the agency. For the purposes of this section, psychiatric diagnostic evaluation means the same as assessment (see WAC 182-538D-0200). When the psychiatric diagnostic evaluation is administered to a client from birth through age five, the agency allows the following as funding is available:
(i) Up to five sessions to complete a psychiatric diagnostic evaluation, if necessary; and
(ii) Evaluations in the home or community setting, including reimbursement for provider travel.
(b) One or more individual or family/group psychotherapy visits, with or without the client, per day, per client, when medically necessary.
(c) One psychiatric medication management service, per client, per day, in an outpatient setting when performed by one of the following:
(i) Psychiatrist;
(ii) Psychiatric advanced registered nurse practitioner (ARNP); or
(iii) Psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner-board certified (PMHNP-BC).
(9) To receive payment for providing mental health services, providers must bill the agency using the agency's published billing instructions.