WSR 23-21-104
PROPOSED RULES
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
[Filed October 18, 2023, 10:25 a.m.]
Original Notice.
Preproposal statement of inquiry was filed as WSR 22-23-136.
Title of Rule and Other Identifying Information: Amending and establishing new sections in chapter 194-50 WAC to implement 2022 legislation (SSB 5722, chapter 177, Laws of 2022) directing the department of commerce (commerce) to adopt a state energy management and benchmarking requirement for "tier 2 covered buildings" as authorized in RCW 19.27A.250 and 19.27A.210.
Hearing Location(s): On November 21, 2023, at 10:00 a.m., virtual only. Please check the commerce building's web page in case of any changes in meeting information https://www.commerce.wa.gov/growing-the-economy/energy/buildings/.
Date of Intended Adoption: December 19, 2023.
Submit Written Comments to: Nick Manning, P.O. Box 42525, Olympia, WA 98504, email buildings@commerce.wa.gov, by November 21, 2023.
Assistance for Persons with Disabilities: Contact Nick Manning, phone 564-200-4324, email buildings@commerce.wa.gov, by November 21, 2023.
Purpose of the Proposal and Its Anticipated Effects, Including Any Changes in Existing Rules: Implementation of 2022 legislation (SSB 5722, chapter 177, Laws of 2022) concerning energy management and benchmarking in buildings requires the state to adopt an energy management and benchmarking requirement for a new category of buildings ("Tier 2" buildings include buildings where the sum of multifamily residential, nonresidential, hotel, motel, and dormitory floor areas exceeds 20,000 gross square feet, but does not exceed 50,000 gross square feet, excluding the parking garage area. Tier 2 covered buildings also include multifamily residential buildings where floor areas are equal to or exceed 50,000 gross square feet, excluding the parking garage area). Requirements will relate to energy management planning, operations and maintenance planning, and energy use analysis through benchmarking and associated reporting and administrative procedures (including exemptions for financial hardship and an appeals process for administrative determinations, including penalties imposed by the department). Owners of covered commercial buildings will be required to comply with the standard, which represents a cost-effective strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the building sector.
Reasons Supporting Proposal: SSB 5722 (chapter 177, Laws of 2022) concerning energy management and benchmarking in buildings took effect July 9, 2022, and requires the state to adopt an energy management and benchmarking requirement for a new category of buildings ("Tier 2" buildings include buildings where the sum of multifamily residential, nonresidential, hotel, motel, and dormitory floor areas exceeds 20,000 gross square feet, but does not exceed 50,000 gross square feet, excluding the parking garage area. Tier 2 covered buildings also include multifamily residential buildings where floor areas are equal to or exceed 50,000 gross square feet, excluding the parking garage area). These rules set forth benchmarking, operations and maintenance, and energy management planning procedures for buildings beginning in 2027. These activities will help buildings reduce greenhouse gas emissions, lower energy consumption, and avoid energy costs, and provides a technology-neutral, building-specific approach to greenhouse gas emissions reductions with a long-term planning horizon.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 19.27A.210, 19.27A.250.
Statute Being Implemented: RCW 19.27A.210, 19.27A.250.
Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.
Name of Proponent: Washington state department of commerce, governmental.
Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Liz Reichart, 1011 Plum Street S.E., P.O. Box 42525, Olympia, WA 98504-2525, 360-515-8194.
A school district fiscal impact statement is not required under RCW 28A.305.135.
A cost-benefit analysis is not required under RCW 34.05.328. Commerce is not a listed agency in RCW 34.05.328.
This rule proposal, or portions of the proposal, is exempt from requirements of the Regulatory Fairness Act because the proposal:
Is exempt under RCW 19.85.025(3) as the rule content is explicitly and specifically dictated by statute.
Scope of exemption for rule proposal:
Is not exempt.
The proposed rule does impose more-than-minor costs on businesses.
Small Business Economic Impact Statement (SBEIS)
SSB 5722 (Laws of 2022) requires that commerce conduct an SBEIS in conjunction with this rule making. Commerce contracted the SBEIS through a public procurement process. It can be requested at buildings@commerce.wa.gov, or accessed at https://deptofcommerce.app.box.com/file/1336105815652?s=fas1txste7rrztmiyrrzdj8md7ab1yhe.
In response to recommendations in this statement, commerce will take the following actions to lower the cost of compliance for small businesses:
1. Information: Commerce will add to its library of resources and information on the agency website. The agency has added and will continue to add staff dedicated to providing technical assistance for building owners.
2. Providing Templates for Energy Management Plans (EMPs) and Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Programs: To streamline the process for small business owners, commerce will develop and provide standardized templates for EMPs and O&M programs. These templates will offer a structured framework and guidance for businesses to create their customized plans and programs, tailored to their specific building types and operational needs.
3. Streamlined Compliance Processes: Commerce will create clear and concise guidelines, provide easy-to-use templates, and develop user-friendly online platforms for reporting and compliance documentation.
4. Technical Assistance and Guidance: Commerce will offer comprehensive technical assistance and guidance to small businesses can [to] help them navigate the compliance requirements more efficiently. This will include providing access to expert advice, resources, and training programs that assist businesses in understanding energy management, benchmarking, and maintenance best practices.
5. Collaborative Partnerships: Commerce is fostering partnerships with industry associations, nonprofit organizations, and energy efficiency service providers to create cost-sharing opportunities, which will help pool resources, share knowledge, and provide economies of scale that reduce the overall cost of compliance for small businesses.
6. Sharing Best Practices and Case Studies: Highlighting success stories and best practices from small businesses that have effectively implemented energy efficiency measures can serve as valuable learning opportunities. Commerce is developing a series of publicly available case studies in order to provide insights, inspiration, and practical guidance to other small businesses.
A copy of the statement may be obtained by contacting Anneka McDonald, Washington State Department of Commerce, 1011 Plum Street S.E., Olympia, WA 98501, phone 360-584-6905, email buildings@commerce.wa.gov.
October 18, 2023
Amanda Hathaway
Rules Coordinator
OTS-5011.1
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-001Foreword.
ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 100-2018 Energy Efficiency in Existing Buildings is hereby adopted by reference with the exceptions noted in this chapter of the Washington Administrative Code (WAC). In the event of a conflict between the standard and rules in this chapter, the provisions of this chapter apply.
ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 100-2018 Energy Efficiency in Existing Buildings is adopted by the Washington state department of commerce pursuant to RCW 19.27A.200, 19.27A.210, and 19.27A.220. This standard has been adopted by reference and modified to implement the requirements for covered ((commercial)) buildings as directed by the Washington state legislature. The legislature delegated the responsibility of adoption and amendment of this standard to the Washington state department of commerce.
Complying with this rule requires the user to comply with ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 100-2018 as amended by this rule. When this rule amends a section of Standard 100, the entire section is published in the rule. The user will need to have both documents in hand, but detailed comparison within any one section is not necessary. Simply apply the entire section as published in the rule. All other sections in Standard 100 apply.
The Washington state administrative requirements for this standard are included in Normative Annex Z. For building owners that must comply with this standard, reading Normative Annex Z first allows the owner to put the rest of the standard in context. Multiple compliance options are available and should be reviewed prior to beginning implementation of this standard.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-020ASHRAE Standard 100, 2018Section 2Scope.
This standard is mandatory for all covered ((commercial)) buildings located in the state of Washington. ((This standard is also applied as a voluntary standard for applicable multifamily residential buildings seeking))Multifamily residential buildings exceeding 50,000 square feet of gross floor area, excluding the parking garage areas, may seek early adopter incentives by voluntarily complying with the applicable energy use intensity target consistent with RCW 19.27A.220.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-030ASHRAE Standard 100, 2018Section 3Definitions.
3.1 General
Agricultural structure: A structure designed and constructed to house farm implements, hay, grain, poultry, livestock, or other horticultural products, and is not a place used by the public or a place of human habitation or employment where agricultural products are processed, treated, or packaged.
Applicable building codes: The Washington state building codes as adopted by the Washington state building code council, and as modified by local government amendments.
Authority having jurisdiction (AHJ): Washington state department of commerce.
Benchmarking: The practice of comparing the measured performance of a device, process, facility, or organization to itself, its peers, or established norms, with the goal of informing and motivating performance improvement. When applied to building energy use, benchmarking serves as a mechanism to measure energy performance over time, relative to other similar buildings.
Building owner: An individual or entity possessing title to a building. In the event of a land lease, the building owner is the entity possessing title to the building on leased land. Where condominium structures are subject to the standard, "building owner" means the owners' association, except that where the powers of an owners' association are exercised by or delegated to a master association, "building owner" means the master association.
Building tenant: A person or entity occupying or holding possession of a building or premises pursuant to a rental agreement.
Campus: A campus is a collection of buildings served by a campus district heating, cooling, water reuse and/or power system owned by the same building owner.
Campus district heating and/or cooling system: A district heating and/or cooling system that serves a campus and is owned by the building owner.
Certified commissioning professional: A person who is certified by an ANSI/ISO/IEC 17024:2012 accredited organization to lead, plan, coordinate, and manage commissioning teams and implement the commissioning process and with experience commissioning at least two projects of similar size and of similar equipment to the current project, and at least one in the last three years. This experience includes the writing and execution of verification checks and functional test plans.
Complex: A group of buildings interconnected by conditioned spaces on contiguous property.
Conditional compliance: A temporary compliance method:
(a) For Tier 1 covered buildings used by building owners that demonstrates the owner has implemented energy use reduction strategies required by the standard, but has not demonstrated full compliance with the energy use intensity target.
(b) For Tier 2 covered buildings used by building owners that demonstrates the owner has benchmarked the building energy use in accordance with the standard, and provides an additional 180 days for building owner to demonstrate full compliance with the energy management plan (EMP) and operations and maintenance (O&M) program documentation.
Conditioned space: An area, room or space that is enclosed within the building's thermal envelope and is directly heated or cooled or is indirectly heated or cooled. Spaces are indirectly heated or cooled where they communicate through openings with conditioned spaces, where they are separated from conditioned spaces by uninsulated walls, floors or ceilings, or where they contain uninsulated ducts, piping or other sources of heating or cooling. (also see, semi-heated space).
Connected buildings: A collection of buildings with shared energy meter(s) on contiguous property.
Contiguous property: Adjoining property under sole ownership.
Covered ((commercial)) building:((A building where the sum of nonresidential, hotel, motel, and dormitory floor areas exceeds fifty thousand gross square feet, excluding the parking garage area.))Includes Tier 1 covered buildings and Tier 2 covered buildings.
Director: The director of the department of commerce or the director's designee.
Discounted payback: The time when the accumulated savings achieved by an investment, discounted by the appropriate discount rate, equals the initial cost of the investment.
District heating and/or cooling system:((Is))A system that provides heating or cooling to multiple buildings through a distributed system providing steam, hot water, or cool water to buildings.
Energy target (EUIt): Not adopted. See energy use intensity target (EUIt).
Energy use intensity (EUI): A measurement that normalizes a building's site energy use relative to its size. A building's energy use intensity is calculated by dividing the total net energy consumed in one year by the gross floor area of the building, excluding the parking garage. "Energy use intensity" is reported as a value of a thousand British thermal units per square foot per year.
((Energy target (EUIt): Not adopted.))
Energy use intensity target (EUIt): The target fornet energy use intensity of a covered ((commercial)) building((that has been established for the purposes of complying with the standard)).
Gross floor area: The total number of square feet measured between the exterior surfaces of the enclosing fixed walls of a building, including all supporting functions such as offices, lobbies, restrooms, equipment, storage areas, mechanical rooms, break rooms, ((crawl spaces)) and elevator shafts. Gross floor area does not include outside bays or docks.
Gross floor area for residential buildings: Not adopted.
Gross floor area for nonresidential buildings: Not adopted.
Lighting schedule: A list that provides a count of all luminaires in the building, lighting controls, fixture types, and product information.
More recently built buildings:Buildings or additions greater than ((fifty thousand))50,000 square feet in conditioned floor area permitted for construction based on the application permit date of July 1, 2016, or later. For example, buildings permitted to the 2015 edition of the Washington State Building Code, chapter 51-50 WAC.
Multifamily residential building: A covered multifamily building containing sleeping units or more than five dwelling units where occupants are primarily permanent in nature.
Net energy use: The sum of the metered and bulk fuel energy entering the building, minus the sum of metered energy leaving the building or campus. Renewable energy produced on a campus that is not attached to a covered building may be included. The same applies to portions of buildings with submetering. Bulk fuels are included using the equation in Section 5.2.2.1.
Physical occupancy: Space that is used by an owner or tenant regardless of occupant density and frequency of use. A building does not have physical occupancy and is considered unoccupied when 50 percent or more of the conditioned floor area is not leased or is otherwise vacant.
Qualified commissioning authority: Not adopted.
Qualified energy auditor: A person acting as the auditor of record having training, expertise and three years professional experience in building energy auditing and any one of the following:
(a) A licensed professional architect or engineer((.
(b) An energy auditor/assessor/analyst certified by ASHRAE or the Association of Energy Engineers (AEE) for all building types.));
(b) A building energy assessment professional (BEAP) certified by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE);
(c) A certified energy auditor (CEA) certified by the Association of Energy Engineers (AEE).
Qualified energy manager (QEM): An individual designated by the building owner who:
(a) Has two years of experience, including educational and/or professional experience, with commercial building operations and/or building energy management in addition to successful completion of clean buildings tier 2 training program as specified by the AHJ; or
(b) Meets the definition of a qualified person.
Qualified person: A person having training, expertise and three years professional experience in building energy-use analysis and any of the following:
(a) A licensed professional architect or engineer in the ((jurisdiction where the project is located))state of Washington;
(b) A person with Building Operator Certification (BOC) Level II by the Northwest Energy Efficiency Council (NEEC);
(c) A ((certified))building commissioning professional certified by an ANSI/ISO/IEC 17024:2012 accredited organization;
(d) A qualified energy auditor;
(e) A certified energy manager (CEM) in current standing, certified by the Association of Energy Engineers (AEE);
(f) An energy management professional (EMP) certified by the Energy Management Association (EMA);
(g) A person with South Seattle College Sustainable Building Science Technology Bachelor of Applied Science degree;
(h) A person with a qualified credential through the Better Buildings Workforce Challenge or as recognized in Department of Energy programs.
The AHJ is authorized to prescribe additional certifications and training to meet the minimum qualifications of a qualified person.
Recommissioning: An application of the commission process requirements to a project that has been delivered using the commissioning process.
Residential building: Not adopted.
Savings-to-investment ratio: The ratio of the total present value savings to the total present value costs of a bundle of an energy or water conservation measure estimated over the projected useful life of each measure. The numerator of the ratio is the present value of net savings in energy or water and nonfuel or nonwater operation and maintenance costs attributable to the proposed energy or water conservation measure. The denominator of the ratio is the present value of the net increase in investment and replacement costs less salvage value attributable to the proposed energy or water conservation measure.
Semi-heated space: An enclosed space within a building, including adjacent connected spaces separated by an uninsulated component (e.g., basements, utility rooms, garages, corridors) which:
(a) Is heated but not cooled, and has ((a maximum))an installed heating system output capacity ((of))greater than or equal to 3.4 Btu/(h-ft2) but not greater than 8 Btu/(h-ft2);
(b) Is not a walk-in ((or))cooler, walk-in freezer, refrigerated warehouse cooler or refrigerated warehouse freezer space.
Service life: See useful life.
Simple payback (years): The estimated initial cost of an EEM divided by the estimated annual cost savings of the measure expressed in years. The cost savings may include energy cost savings and incremental routine operations and maintenance costs or savings.
State equipment standards: Appliance and equipment standards listed in chapter 19.260 RCW, Energy efficiency.
Tier 1 covered building: A building where the sum of nonresidential, hotel, motel, and dormitory floor areas exceeds 50,000 gross square feet, excluding the parking garage area.
Tier 2 covered building: A building where the sum of multifamily residential, nonresidential, hotel, motel, and dormitory floor areas exceeds 20,000 gross square feet, but does not exceed 50,000 gross square feet, excluding the parking garage area. Tier 2 covered buildings also include multifamily residential buildings where floor areas are equal to or exceed 50,000 gross square feet, excluding the parking garage area.
Useful life:Useful life is the expected remaining service life of building systems or equipment. Used interchangeably with service life.
Weather normalized: A method for modifying the measured building energy use in a specific weather year to energy use under normal weather conditions.
Weather normalized energy ((utilization index))use intensity (WNEUI): Measurement that normalizes a building's site energy use relative to its size based on the buildings weather normalized site energy use. A building's energy use intensity is calculated by dividing the total net weather normalized energy consumed in one year by the gross floor area of the building, excluding the parking garage. Weather normalized energy use intensity is reported as a value of ((a thousand))1,000 British thermal units per square foot per year.
3.2 Common abbreviations and acronyms
AEE Association of Energy Engineers.
AHJ authority having jurisdiction.
DDC direct digital control.
EEM energy efficiency measure.
EM energy manager.
EMP energy management plan.
EUI((energy-use))energy use intensity.
IRR internal rate of return.
LCCA life cycle cost analysis.
O&M operations and maintenance.
WSECWashington State Energy Code.
WNEUIWeather normalized energy ((utilization index))use intensity.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-040ASHRAE Standard 100, 2018Section 4Compliance requirements.
4.1.1.1 A building or complex of buildings whose majority of gross floor area has activities in Table 7-1 shall comply with the requirements of Sections 4.2 and 4.3.
4.1.1.2
• For Tier 1 covered buildings the qualified person determining compliance shall:
1. Determine whether or not the building seeking compliance has an energy use intensity target (EUIt) according to Section 7;
2. Establish the energy use intensity target (EUIt) according to Section 7; and
3. Submit forms as specified in Normative Annex Z to the AHJ.
• For Tier 2 covered buildings the qualified energy manager submitting compliance documents shall:
1. Determine whether or not the building seeking compliance has an energy use intensity target (EUIt) according to Section 7;
2. Establish the energy use intensity target (EUIt) according to Section 7; and
3. Submit forms as specified in Normative Annex Y to the AHJ.
4.1.2 Residential building(( - Not adopted)).
4.1.2.1 A multifamily residential building or complex of multifamily residential buildings shall comply with the requirements of Sections 4.2 and 4.3.
4.1.2.2 For Tier 2 covered buildings the qualified energy manager submitting compliance documents shall:
1. Determine whether or not the building seeking compliance has an energy use intensity target (EUIt) according to Section 7;
2. Establish the energy use intensity target (EUIt) according to Section 7; and
3. Submit forms as specified in Normative Annex Y to the AHJ.
4.1.3 Buildings with residential and nonresidential activities - Not adopted.
4.2.1 Operations and maintenance. The building manager shall comply with the operations and maintenance (O&M) requirements of Section 6.
• For Tier 1 covered buildings the qualified person determining compliance shall state in writing on Form A that the operating and maintenance requirements of Section 6 have been met according to the following subsections.
• For Tier 2 covered buildings the qualified energy manager submitting compliance documents shall state in writing on Form A that the operating and maintenance requirements of Section 6 have been met according to the following subsections.
4.2.1.1 For first-time applicants.
Tier 1 covered buildings, for the previous year.
Tier 2 covered buildings, by the compliance date.
4.2.2 Energy management plan. The building manager shall comply with the energy management requirements of Section 5.
• For Tier 1 covered buildings the qualified person determining compliance shall state in writing on Form A that the energy management program described in Section 5 has been developed and is being maintained as of the date on Form A.
• For Tier 2 covered buildings the qualified energy manager submitting compliance documents shall state in writing on Form A that the energy management program described in Section 5 has been developed and is being maintained as of the date on Form A.
4.3.1 Measured EUI.
• For Tier 1 covered buildings the qualified person shall calculate the building's measured energy use intensity (EUI) by completing Form C according to Section 5.2.
• For Tier 2 covered buildings the qualified energy manager submitting compliance documents shall calculate the building's measured energy use intensity (EUI) by completing Form C according to Section 5.2.
4.3.2 Buildings with energy targets.Covered buildings with energy targets must meet all the criteria for developing an energy target in Section 7.2 Determining energy use intensity target (EUIt) and provide energy use data as specified by Section 5.2 Building energy monitoring. All other buildings shall comply with Section 4.3.3, Buildings without energy targets. Tier 2 covered buildings are not required to meet the target as they are exempt from Sections 4.3.2.1 through 4.3.2.3.
4.3.2.1 Building meets the energy target (EUIt). If the Tier 1 covered building's measured weather normalized energy use intensity (WNEUI) is less than or equal to its energy target (EUIt), the building complies.
4.3.2.2 Tier 1 covered building does not meet the energy use intensity target (EUIt). A qualified energy auditor shall complete an energy audit according to Section 8, and EEMs that will reduce energy use to meet the energy target shall be implemented according to Section 9. Upon completion of the implementation of all required EEMs, a building shall be granted conditional compliance.
Exceptions to 4.3.2.2:
1. More recently built buildings: For buildings that exceed the target developed in accordance with Section 7.2.1.1, but do not exceed the target developed in accordance with Section 7.2.1, the owner may demonstrate compliance by recommissioning the building using the existing-building commissioning process. The commissioning process consists of the following:
a. A certified commissioning professional shall implement the building commissioning process specified by the most recent edition of the Washington state energy code. The energy code commissioning process shall be modified by the certified commissioning professional for recommissioning purposes as described in ASHRAE Guideline 0.2-2015 Commissioning Process for Existing Systems and Assemblies and ASHRAE Guideline 1.2-2019 Technical Requirements for the Commissioning Process for Existing HVAC&R Systems and Assemblies.
b. Washington state energy code (WSEC) exceptions based on mechanical system or service water heating capacity shall not be applied when developing the scope for commissioning. For example, the 2018 WSEC, Section C408.1 General, the exceptions do not apply.
c. All deficiencies found during the commissioning process shall be resolved including corrections and retesting prior to submitting documentation for compliance or conditional compliance.
d. Building owners may omit capital expenditures identified by the commissioning process that are not cost-effective, as documented using the procedures in Normative Annex X.
2. No individual requirement need be met that would compromise the historical integrity of a building or part of a building designated by a government body for long-term preservation in its existing state, such as historical monuments. EEMs that can be implemented without modifying historical parts of the building shall be implemented as required by this standard. Documentation of historic significance must be provided to the AHJ by submitting Form G in accordance with Normative Annex Z.
4.3.2.3 Verification of compliance. Within ((fifteen))15 months after the completion of Section 4.3.2.2, the weather normalized ((EUI))energy use intensity (WNEUI) shall be recalculated by the energy manager (EM) from ((twelve))12 consecutive months of measured energy use, and Form A shall be resubmitted to the AHJ. If the building's post-implementation measured EUI is less than or equal to the energy target (EUIt), the building complies with the standard. If the building's post-implementation measured EUI is greater than the energy target (EUIt), the building does not comply with the standard and the conditional compliance is suspended until either:
a. Additional EEMs have been implemented that reduce the subsequently measured EUI to below the energy target (EUIt) and a new Form A is submitted to the AHJ; or
b. The AHJ revokes conditional compliance.
4.3.3 Buildings without energy targets.
Exception to 4.3.3:Tier 2 covered buildings.
4.3.3.2 Implement EEMs. The entire optimized bundle of EEMs identified shall be implemented. Upon completion of the implementation of the optimized bundle of EEMs and the energy management plan, including the operations and maintenance program, is in place as directed by Section Z4.5, a building shall be granted conditional compliance in accordance with Section 9.1.1.2.
Exception to 4.3.3.2: No individual requirement need be met that would compromise the historical integrity of a building or part of a building designated by a government body for long-term preservation in its existing state, such as historical monuments. Documentation of historic significance must be provided to the AHJ by submitting Form G in accordance with Normative Annex Z.
4.3.3.3 Verification of compliance for buildings with building energy monitoring in compliance with Section 5.2. If the building complies with Section 4.2, then within ((fifteen))15 months following the completion of implementation of the optimized bundle of EEMs, building owners with conditional compliance or the qualified person representing the building owner shall submit verification that measured post-implementation energy savings meet or exceed 75((%))percent of the energy savings projected in the energy audit report to the AHJ. Energy savings shall be compared at the whole-building consumption level in common units for electricity, fossil fuels, and other sources. If the measured post-implementation energy savings of the package of EEMs do not meet or exceed 75((%))percent of the energy savings projected in the energy audit, the conditional compliance is suspended until ((either))one of the following:
a. Additional cost-effectiveEEMs are implemented that reduce the subsequently measured energy savings of the package of EEMs so that it meets or exceeds 75((%))percent of the energy savings projected in the energy audit; or
b. Verification of energy savings using the methods of the International Performance Measurement & Verification Protocol, Concepts and Options for Determining Energy and Water Savings Volume I, Options A through D. If the measurement and verification protocol identified any outstanding performance issues, they shall be corrected and the verification protocol shall be repeated to ensure optimal performance; or
c. The AHJ revokes conditional compliance.
4.3.3.4 Verification of compliance for buildings without building energy monitoring in compliance with Section 5.2. Verification of energy savings using the methods of the International Performance Measurement & Verification Protocol, Concepts and Options for Determining Energy and Water Savings Volume I options A through D. If the measurement and verification protocol identified any outstanding performance issues, they shall be corrected and the verification protocol shall be repeated to assure savings estimated in the original audit are realized.
4.4.1 Administrative requirements.Building owners shall demonstrate compliance with the standard by following the administrative requirements in Normative Annex Z for Tier 1 covered buildings or Normative Annex Y for Tier 2 covered buildings, including:
Z2/Y2 "Building owner response to notifications."
Z3/Y3 "Washington state reporting requirements for building owners."
((Z3 General compliance.))
Z4/Y4 "Documentation of compliance with the standard."
Z5/Y5 "Violations, assessment of administrative penalties, mitigation and review of penalty decisions."
Z6/Y6 "Compliance forms."
Z7/Y7 "Section 7 tables as modified by Washington state."
4.4.2 Alternative energy targets (EUIt) - Not adopted.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-050ASHRAE Standard 100, 2018Section 5Energy management plan.
Exception to 5.1.1 - Not adopted.
5.1.2.1 Energy accounting in accordance with Section 5.2.
5.1.2.2 In the initial year of compliance, the building's weather normalized energy use intensity (WNEUI) and energy-use intensity (EUI).
5.1.2.3 Annual updates of the net energy use, WNEUI and EUI.
5.1.2.4 Annual comparison of the net WNEUI and EUI to the energy target.
5.1.2.5 Documentation of original, current, and changes in number of occupants, weekly operating hours, or time of day scheduled for occupancy, production rates, and energy using equipment that would have caused change in the measured WNEUI and EUI.
Exceptions to 5.1.2.12:
1. Buildings that meet the EUIt.
2. Buildings that have implemented a utility program lighting upgrade covering 75 percent of the building's GFA, within the previous five years, can use the lighting schedule provided by the utility program.
3. Tier 2 covered buildings.
5.1.2.13 The current lighting satisfaction survey and lighting checklist as described in Appendix D of Performance Measurement Protocols for Commercial Buildings1 or as approved by the AHJ.
Exceptions to 5.1.2.13:
1. Buildings that meet the EUIt.
2. Buildings that have implemented a utility program lighting upgrade covering 75 percent of the building's GFA through a utility program within the previous five years.
3. Tier 2 covered buildings.
5.1.2.14 Operations and Maintenance Plan including:
1. An operations and maintenance (O&M) program as defined in Section 6.
2. An O&M implementation plan as specified in Normative Annex L.
3. Implementation documentation as specified in L2.2.5 Documentation.
5.1.3 The EM shall provide access to the energy management plan to the building occupants annually.
5.2.1 Provide measured net energy consumption data for each covered building, including all forms of imported and exported energy from at least 12 consecutive months of data monitored in a period not to exceed two years prior to the efficiency audit. The net energy concept is illustrated in Figure 5-1 and Table 5-1 and is calculated in accordance with Section 5.2.4 as follows:
Net energy use = (1a + 1b + 1c + 1d) – (3a + 3b + 3c + 3d + 3e)
Where 1a, 1b, 1c, and 1d are metered energy supplies that are used in the building (this includes bulk energy sources), and 3a, 3b, 3c, 3d, and 3e are metered energy excesses that are supplied to another building or grid as useful energy.
5.2.1.1 Connected buildings. Where energy consumption is not monitored at the covered building level:
1. Tier 1 covered buildings: Net energy consumption data may be provided at the connected building level.
2. Tier 2 covered buildings: Net energy consumption data shall be provided at the connected building level.
5.2.1.2 End use deductions. Where submetered from a building's meter, the following end use energy consumption may be deducted from the building's measured net energy use:
1. Electric vehicle charging equipment that transfers electricity to batteries or other energy storage devices in electric vehicles.
2. Electric loads related to broadcast antennas, on-site cell phone towers or other communications equipment that is unrelated to the primary purpose of the building.
3. The AHJ may add additional end use deductions based on technological advancements.
5.2.2 Energy-use data for each type of energy imported into and exported from the building shall be collected from utility or energy delivery bills (that must include the quantity of energy or fuel delivered) or by monitoring local energy meters (either utility or owner-provided meters). Owner-provided energy meters shall meet the metering accuracy, tolerances and testing requirements of Title 480 WAC or WAC 51-11C-40904 (Section C409.4 of the WSEC).
5.2.3 Energy conversion factors. The site energy content of different forms of purchased energy shall be converted from the purchased unit to the standard site energy unit using the conversion factors incorporated in Energy Star portfolio manager.
5.2.4 The energy accounting system shall be Energy Star Portfolio Manager as specified in Normative Annex Z.
5.2.4.1 - Not adopted.
5.2.4.2 - Not adopted.
5.2.4.3 - Not adopted.
Table 5-2a Site Energy Conversion Factors - Table not adopted.
Table 5-2b Primary Energy Conversion Factors - Table not adopted.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-060ASHRAE Standard 100, 2018Section 6((Maintenance and operation))Operations and maintenance requirements.
6.3 Operation and maintenance (O&M) Implementation. The O&M program shall be implemented in accordance with Normative Annex L.
Exception to 6.3:O&M programs developed and implemented by the building's serving utility or local government and approved as equivalent or more stringent by the AHJ may be used as an alternative to the requirement in Section 6.3. Where local government programs are more stringent than applicable utility programs, local government programs shall be selected over utility programs.
6.6.1 When HVAC, domestic hot-water heating, or refrigeration equipment or appliances are replaced, the replacement equipment shall meet ((the most stringent))all applicable energy efficiency requirements in the federal equipment standards, state equipment standards, and the applicable building code.
Exception to 6.6.1 - Not adopted.
6.6.2.1 When lighting equipment is replaced, the replacement equipment shall meet ((the most stringent))all applicable energy efficiency requirements in the federal equipment standards, state equipment standards and in the applicable building code. Implementation of more efficient equipment shall be evaluated and included as specified for the capital management plan, Section 5.1.2.10.
Exception to 6.6.2.2: The existing installed lighting power may proportionally increase when the current light levels are below those recommended in the IES Lighting Handbook 4 or latest version of the Washington State Energy Code.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-070ASHRAE Standard 100, 2018Section 7Energy-use analysis and target requirements.
7.1.1 Building activity type and energy targets.
7.1.1 Building activity type.Buildings are divided into activity types ((or activities)) as shown in Table 7-1 Normative Annex Z. Building ((type definitions are based on Energy Star portfolio manager, unless modified by the notes to Table 7-1))activity types are defined by the AHJ in Table 7-4.
7.1.2 Energy targets(( - )). Energy targets for each building activity type are listed in Table 7.2a, Normative Annex Z.
7.1.3 Building operating shifts normalization factors(( - )).Building operating shifts normalization factors for each building activity type are listed in Table 7-3, Normative Annex Z.
7.2.1For Tier 1 covered buildings the qualified personor for Tier 2 covered building the qualified energy manager shall determine the energy use intensity target (EUIt) according to Section 7.2.2 for single-type/activity buildings and Section 7.2.3 for mixed-use buildings, and shall complete Form B.
Note:
Covered buildings pursuing compliance at the connected building level shall determine the EUIt at the connected building level.
Exceptions to 7.2.1:
1. Tier 2 covered buildings unable to develop EUIt in accordance with Section 7.2.2 or 7.2.3 of this standard shall report Energy Star portfolio manager median site EUI.
2. EUIt programs developed and implemented by the building's local government and approved as equivalent or more stringent by the AHJ may be used as an alternative to the requirement in Section 7.2.1.
7.2.1.1 Additional target for more recently built buildings: In addition to the requirements of section 7.2.1, more recently built buildings shall create a second EUIt that is 15((%))percent less than the target developed for compliance with section 7.2.1. This shall be the building EUIt and shall be included on Form B.
7.2.2 Energy targets for buildings with a single activity shall be calculated as follows:
(EUIt)
=
S × (EUIt1)
where (EUIt1) is the building activity energy target value in Table 7-2a for the appropriate building activities/types and climate, and S is the building operating shifts normalization factor in Table 7-3.
7.2.3 Energy targets for buildings with multiple activities shall be determined using weighted averages of building activity energy target for each area with a single activity, per the following equation, and reported on Normative Annex C Form B:
EUIt
=
(A × S × EUIt1)1 + (A × S × EUIt1)2 + ... + (A × S × EUIt1)i + ... + (A × S × EUIt1)n
Where:
 
(A)i
=
percentage of the gross floor area with single building activity i
(EUIt1)i
=
building activity target from Table 7-2a for space i
(S)i
=
operating shifts normalization factor from Table 7-3 for space i
(A × S × EUIt1)i
=
the weighted space EUI target for space i
Exceptions to 7.2.3: The energy use intensity target (EUIt) of a building may be modified using the following exceptions. None of these exceptions may be used to change the total gross floor area as it applies to Normative Annex Z, Z3.1 Compliance schedule.
1. Spaces where more than 75((%))percent of the gross floor area has a single building activity listed in Table 7-1 shall be reported as a single-use building or as a multiuse building in accordance with either Section 7.2.2 or Section 7.2.3.
2. Spaces less than 10((%))percent of the gross floor area with building activity listed in Table 7-1 can combine their floor area with the floor area within the building that has a similar building activity and similar EUIt as determined by the qualified person.
3. Spaces in buildings with multiple activities that are not listed in Table 7-1 and have a total combined area ΣAnontarget comprising less than 10((%))percent of the building gross floor area Agross can be excluded from building energy target calculations if the energy use of such space is metered separately and the nontarget spaces comply with Sections 4.1 and 4.2. The energy target for the remaining part of the building shall be calculated after deducting the unlisted building type floor area from the building gross floor area (AgrossAnontarget). Nontarget spaces shall be limited to the floor area occupied by the nontarget activity and shall not include supporting spaces such as corridors, common areas or other space types listed in Table 7-1.
4. Spaces in buildings with multiple activities that are not listed in Table 7-1 and have a total combined area ΣAnontarget comprising less than 50((%))percent of the building gross floor area Agross can be excluded from building energy target calculations if the energy use of such space is metered separately and the nontarget spaces comply with Sections 4.1, 4.2, 4.3.1, and 4.3.3. The energy target for the remaining part of the building shall be calculated after deducting the unlisted building type floor area from the building gross floor area (AgrossAnontarget). Nontarget spaces shall be limited to the floor area occupied by the nontarget activity and shall not include supporting spaces such as corridors, common areas or other activity types listed in Table 7-1.
7.2.4 Energy targets for vacant and partially vacant buildings.
Exception to ((Section)) 7.2.4 Vacant and partially vacant buildings: If the building did not have physical occupancy by owner or tenant for at least ((fifty))50 percent of the conditioned floor area throughout the consecutive ((twelve))12-month period prior to the building compliance date, the building owner may apply for an exemption as specified in Normative Annex Z.
7.2.4.1 The energy target for vacant spaces shall be based on its prevacancy activity if the intended use of the building will be unchanged.
7.2.4.2 If the total floor area of a nonheated, noncooled, and nonilluminated vacant part of a building is smaller than 30((%))percent of the gross floor area, then it shall be excluded from the gross floor area, and the energy target shall be determined based on the remainder of the building as described in Section 7.2.3. This allowance may not be used to change the total gross floor area as it applies to Normative Annex Z, Z3.1 Compliance schedule.
7.2.4.3 If the vacant part of a building is heated and/or cooled and the building energy-use data for ((twelve))12 consecutive month period when the building was occupied within two years prior to the compliance date is not available, compliance for this part of the building will be determined after it becomes occupied and energy-use data for ((twelve))12 consecutive months becomes available.
Table 7-1 ((Commercial and Residential)) Building Activity Types/Activities
Table 7-1 adopted as modified and published in Section Z7
Table 7-2a Building Activity Site Energy Targets (EUIt1) (I-P Units)
Table 7-2a adopted as modified and published in Section Z7
Table 7-2a Building Activity Site Energy Targets (EUIt1) (SI Units) - Not adopted
Table 7-2b Building Activity Source Energy Targets (EUIt1) (I-P Units) - Not adopted
Table 7-2b Building Activity Source Energy Targets (EUIt1) (SI Units) - Not adopted
Table 7-2c Building Activity Electricity Site Energy Use Targets (ELUIt1) (I-P Units) - Not adopted
Table 7-2c Building Activity Electricity Site Energy Use Targets (ELUIt1) (SI Units) - Not adopted
Table 7-2d Building Activity Fossil Fuel Site Energy Use Targets (FEUIt1) (I-P Units) - Not adopted
Table 7-2d Building Activity Fossil Fuel Site Energy Use Targets (FEUIt1) (SI Units) - Not adopted
Table 7-3 Building Operating Shifts Normalization Factor
Table 7-3 adopted as modified in Section Z7
Table 7-4 Building Activity Type Definitions Table
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-080ASHRAE Standard 100, 2018Section 8((Audits))Energy Audit Requirements.
8.1 The qualified energy auditor shall complete Form D and submit to the authority having jurisdiction (AHJ). If an energy audit is required within this section, a copy of the audit summary results shall be included in the compliance documentation in a format specified in Normative Annex Z. Compliance with this standard shall be achieved by adopting energy efficiency measures (EEMs) that collectively will reduce annual building energy use.
Exception to 8.1: For Level 1 audit, no Form D is required.
8.2 Energy audit requirements for buildings without energy targets.
8.2.1 Overall process.((An))A Level 2 energy audit (as defined in Section 8.4.2) shall be conducted for all Tier 1 covered buildings not having an energy target. The energy audit and the associated energy audit report shall be completed by a qualified energy auditor practicing within their field of competency. ((The energy audit shall be a Level 2 audit (as defined in Section 8.4.2).))
Exception to 8.2.1:Buildings((that have completed an))may use energy audits completed within ((the previous three years may use the results of the previous audit))five years prior to the building's compliance date, provided that the scope of the energy audit meets the requirements of this section and that there have been minimal changes to the systems within the audit scope. The energy audit must be evaluated consistent with the investment criteria in Normative Annex X.
8.2.2 The scope of the energy audit shall include the following required end uses as applicable to the building:
• Envelope;
• Lighting;
• Cooling;
• Heating;
• Ventilation and exhaust systems;
• Air distribution systems;
• Heating, chilled, condenser, and domestic water systems;
• Refrigeration except for food processing refrigeration;
• Power generation equipment;
• Uninterruptible power supplies and power distribution units;
• People-moving systems;
• The scope of the energy audit may include campus district heating and/or cooling systems when the campus district heating and/or cooling system serves the building being audited.
8.3.2 Buildings that do not meet their energy targets overall process. An energy audit shall be conducted, and an associated energy audit report shall be provided, for all buildings that do not meet their energy target. The energy audit shall be completed by a qualified energy auditor practicing within their field of competency. The energy audit shall be at an audit level specified by the qualified energy auditor to be sufficient to identify and evaluate the EEMs that, if implemented, would result in the building meeting its energy target. The qualified energy auditor may refer to the list of potential EEMs in Informative Annex E.
After the completion of the audit and the selection of EEMs to be implemented, the applicant must calculate an adjusted ((energy-use))energy use intensity (EUI) for the building based on the estimated energy savings from the selected EEMs and the historical energy use of the building. This adjusted EUI is then compared to the energy target for the building. If the adjusted EUI is less than the energy target, the applicant shall proceed with implementation as specified in Section 9. If the adjusted EUI is greater than the energy target, a more rigorous energy audit investigation is required to identify additional EEMs. This process is repeated until the building's adjusted EUI is less than its energy target.
Calculation of the adjusted EUI is shown in the following equation:
EUIadj
=
(Energyhist- Energysaved)/GFA
Where:
 
 
Energyhist
=
Historical annual energy use, kBtu
Energysaved
=
Estimated annual energy savings, kBtu
GFA
=
Gross floor area, ft2
Following the completion of an energy audit that has identified EEMs sufficient to meet the building's energy target, the applicant shall implement those EEMs per the requirements of Section 9.
Exception to 8.3.2:Buildings may use energy audits completed within five years prior to the building's compliance date, provided that the scope of the energy audit meets the requirements of this section and there have been minimal changes to the systems within the audit scope. In this case, the same comparison of adjusted EUI to energy target shall be made by the applicant. If the EEMs identified in the audit are still applicable, have not been implemented, and if implemented would result in the building meeting its energy target, these measures shall be implemented by the facility, and the project shall follow the procedures in Section 9. If the identified EEMs do not result in an adjusted EUI less than the energy target, a new energy audit shall be conducted as described in Section 8.3.2.
8.4.1 Level 1 Audit.Buildings shall perform a Level 1 audit (walk-through analysis) as defined in ANSI/ASHRAE/ACCA Standard 211-2018 Standard for Commercial Building Energy Audits, Section 5.312.
8.4.2 Level 2 Audit.Buildings shall perform a Level 2 Audit (energy survey and engineering analysis) as defined in ANSI/ASHRAE/ACCA Standard 211-2018 Standard for Commercial Building Energy Audits, Section 5.412.
8.5.1 Audit results. The energy audit report shall define the actions necessary for the building owner to achieve the energy and cost savings that are recommended in the report.
Energy audit results shall be presented in a summary table that includes, at a minimum, an estimate of each of the following:
• A list of recommended EEMs that, if implemented, will either meet the energy target for the building if it has a target or, if it does not have an energy target, will meet the economic criteria set by the standard in Section 9.
• The estimated energy savings and peak demand savings associated with each recommended EEM, expressed in the cost units used on the building owner's energy bills, and the units used for comparison with the energy target.
• The estimated (modeled) energy cost savings associated with each recommended EEM.
• The estimated cost of implementation for each recommended EEM. The costs of implementation shall include the required monitoring of energy savings per the requirements of Section 9.
The economic evaluation of measures are required by Normative Annex X.
8.5.2 Interactive effects. Energy savings analysis shall include interactive effects of all selected EEMs. When considering multiple EEMs with interactive effects, the order of analysis shall start with load reduction measures and proceed through distribution systems and associated equipment efficiencies and then plant and heat-rejection systems. Any interactive effects on equipment sizing and part load performance of equipment shall be accounted for due to reduced loads on subsequent systems.
8.5.4.1 Nonfederal facilities. The minimum financial criteria required for reporting is specified in Normative Annex X.
8.5.4.2 U.S. Federal Facilities - Not adopted.
8.5.5 End-use analysis. The energy audit shall include an end-use analysis that compares the estimated energy use of the facility after implementation of all selected EEMs to historical utility consumption. The intent of this requirement is to ensure that estimates of the base-case end-use energy estimates and potential energy-savings estimates in the energy audit report are reasonable.
Informative Note: For example, if the audit identifies lighting retrofit opportunities, the qualified energy auditor shall compare the identified energy savings for those opportunities with the base-case energy use of the facility and demonstrate that they make up a reasonable fraction of the historical electricity consumption at the site.
8.5.5.2 Requirements for Level 2 Audits. The qualified energy auditor is required to estimate the energy use of all end uses that individually comprise more than ((5%))five percent of total historical building energy use. The energy estimates for these end uses shall be summed and compared to historical energy consumption for the facility. The sum of the base-case end-use energy estimates must be between 90((%))percent and 100((%))percent of the historical energy use at the site.
This comparison shall be conducted separately for each fuel type, such as electricity, natural gas, or fuel oil, for which EEMs are identified. On-site energy sources such as solar, photovoltaic, geothermal, and wind shall be included.
Correction for historical weather for the base year versus average weather used in baseline estimates may be used.
The same energy-use estimates that comprise the end-use analysis shall also be used as the basis for energy savings calculations. The qualified energy auditor shall verify that each EEM savings estimate is reasonable in comparison to the historical energy consumption of that end use based on energy consumption survey data or experience with similar sites.
The qualified energy auditor shall verify that the combined savings from multiple EEMs shall take into account interactive effects among measures.
Miscellaneous plug loads may be estimated on average equipment power density and building area. (See Form D in Normative Annex Z.)
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-090ASHRAE Standard 100, 2018Section 9Implementation and verification requirements.
9.1.1 Requirements.Buildings that have an energy target shall comply with the requirements of Section 9.1.1.1. Buildings that do not have an energy target shall comply with the requirements of Section 9.1.1.2. All buildings shall implement an energy management plan as described in Section 5. The energy management plan shall be integrated into the building's capital management plan as described in Section 5. The energy management plan shall include the elements listed in Section 5.
9.1.1.1 Buildings with energy targets. For buildings having energy targets, energy efficiency measures (EEMs) identified from the energy audit shall be implemented in order to meet the building's energy target. Develop a written plan for maintaining the building's ((energy-use))energy use intensity (EUI) at or below the energy target.
Exceptions to Section 9.1.1.1:
1. Buildings may demonstrate compliance by implementing all of the ((EEM's))EEMs that achieve the investment criteria in Normative Annex X.
2. Implementation of EEMs to campus district heating and/or cooling system(s) in lieu of EEMs implemented directly to campus buildings is acceptable provided the energy audit demonstrates the energy savings from the campus district heating and/or cooling system EEMs will be greater than the EEMs identified for the buildings. Energy savings shall be measured as a reduction in Btu per year.
3. Implementation of EEMs to non-Tier 1 covered buildings complying at the campus-level or connected building level is acceptable, provided the energy audit demonstrates the energy savings from the EEMs implemented at the campus-level or connected building level will be at or below the energy target of campus-level or connected building level.
4. Tier 2 covered buildings.
9.1.1.2 Buildings without energy targets.Buildings that do not have an energy target shall implement all of the EEMs that achieve the investment criteria in Normative Annex X.
Exceptions to 9.1.1.2:
1. Implementation of EEMs to campus district heating and/or cooling system(s) in lieu of EEMs implemented directly to campus buildings is acceptable provided the energy audit demonstrates the energy savings from the campus district heating and/or cooling system EEMs will be greater than the EEMs identified for the buildings. Energy savings shall be measured as a reduction in Btu per year.
2. Tier 2 covered buildings.
9.1.1.2.1 - Not adopted.
9.1.1.2.2 - Not adopted.
9.1.2.1 Training of Building Staff. An ongoing written training plan shall be implemented. Building occupants and staff shall be trained, at a minimum, as established by the operations and maintenance (O&M) program defined in Section 6.
9.1.2.2 Multiple buildings. A multiple-building plan shall be implemented to coordinate EEM implementation and measurement of the EUI among buildings when complying at the campus, campus-level or connected building level.
9.1.2.3 Implementation and commissioning of EEMs.EEMs shall be implemented and commissioned in accordance with the Washington State Energy Code. Washington state energy code (WSEC) exceptions based on mechanical system or service water heating capacity shall not be applied when developing the scope for commissioning. For example, the 2018 WSEC, Section C408.1 General, the exceptions do not apply. The qualified energy auditor or qualified person shall review the commissioning report and certify that the EEMs are functioning as intended.
Informative Note: For guidance on commissioning protocols, refer to ASHRAE Guideline 0.2-2015 Commissioning Process for Existing Systems and Assemblies and ASHRAE Guideline 1.2-2019 Technical Requirements for the Commissioning Process for Existing HVAC&R Systems and Assemblies.
9.1.2.4 Energy efficiency sequencing. Implementation of EEMs shall be prioritized to take advantage of the life cycle of building systems and to minimize the disruption of building occupants. Delayed implementation shall be evaluated using the methodology included in Normative Appendix X and reported in the energy management plan.
9.2.2 Verification of implemented EEMs for Buildings without Energy Targets. Upon implementation of EEMs, the affected end-use systems shall be monitored for one year to verify EEM energy savings. The qualified energy auditor or qualified person shall review the results of the EEM energy monitoring and certify that the energy savings of the package of EEMs meets or exceeds 75((%))percent of the energy savings projected in the energy audit as required. For buildings unable to meet the requirements of Section 5.2 Building energy monitoring, the qualified energy auditor or qualified person shall provide verification using the methods of the International Performance Measurement & Verification Protocol, Concepts and Options for Determining Energy and Water Savings Volume I11 options A through D.
9.3 Compliance. The qualified person shall complete the compliance documentation as required in Normative Annex Z.
ASHRAE Standard 100, 2018Section 10 - Not adopted.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-120Normative Annex C Forms.
For Washington State Compliance Normative Annex C forms adopted as modified and published in Normative Annex Z, Section ((Z7))Z6. Compliance forms for Tier 1 covered buildings and Normative Annex Y, Section Y6 Compliance forms for Tier 2 covered buildings.
Informative Annex F Standard 100 Compliance Flow Chart - Not adopted.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-130Normative Annex LOperations and maintenance implementation.
L2 Operations and maintenance program.
Each building system shall have an ((O&M))O&M program that, at a minimum, preserves the condition of the system and its elements in a manner that enables the system to provide the intended thermal and visual comfort, energy efficiency, and helps to achieve the intended indoor environmental quality required for the building.
At a minimum, the ((O&M))O&M program shall contain an inventory of equipment, systems and controls to be inspected and ((maintained))maintained and a maintenance plan describing the goals, objectives, and execution of the systems maintenance program.
L2.2.3 Inspection and maintenance tasks. Inspection and maintenance tasks for inventoried equipment, systems and controls shall be established. Inspection shall include the physical assessment of system components and may include measurement of operating parameters and data provided by sensors or a building management system (BMS). Maintenance tasks shall include adjustment, service, or replacement of inventoried equipment and systems. Control systems settings including, but not limited to, set points, schedules, and sequence of operations shall be inspected and ((maintained))maintained.
L2.2.4 Inspection and maintenance task frequencies. Frequency of inspection and maintenance tasks for inventoried equipment, systems, and controls shall be established. If unacceptable condition indicators or unacceptable performance is found during two consecutive inspections, the owner or owner's designated representative shall investigate and analyze possible causes. At a minimum, the following possible causes shall be investigated:
Poor field practices. Review inspection documentation and/or technician execution to ensure maintenance tasks are performed correctly.
Insufficient time budgeted for tasks. Review time budgeted to the technician to ensure that reasonable time has been given to perform the tasks.
Component repairs noted/pending/not made. Inspect documentation to determine that repair or component replacement has been undertaken.
Design issues. Determine whether underlying design issues are causing successive failures.
Obsolete equipment or components. Determine whether the equipment or component has been in service beyond its ((useful life))useful life.
Conditions outside of the building system causing failure. Investigate whether water leaks, vandalism, a problem in the building envelope, a problem with the power supplied to the building, or some other external factor is causing the problem.
Based on the analysis, the inspection frequency or the maintenance task shall be modified to resolve the deficiency.
If acceptable condition indicators or acceptable performance is found during three successive inspections, the inspection frequency for that task may be reduced from the existing frequency. The reduced frequency shall be based on the specific findings and shall be documented.
Frequency may be adjusted for climate related or operational reasons. Each adjusted frequency shall be documented, including the reason for the adjustment.
Informative Note: Examples include the following:
Cooling tower shutdown during the winter. Inspection and maintenance may be suspended during the shutdown period.
A new chiller is installed and the old chiller is retained as a backup. Inspection and maintenance of the backup unit may be adjusted to reflect fewer operating hours.
A new lighting fixture and lamp is installed with a much longer life expectancy. Inspection and lamp replacement frequency may be extended to reflect the new device.
L2.2.5 Documentation. A minimum inspection and maintenance documentation package shall consist of the following items:
1. Listings of building systems and system components with associated performance criteria pertinent to the facility.
2. Inspection and maintenance tasks and the method of tracking (automated or manual).
3. Identify building systems or components operating beyond their ((useful life))useful life.
4. Sufficient record detail and verification (written or electronic) to demonstrate implementation of the maintenance plan.
The inspection and maintenance document directory shall provide easy access and be well organized and clearly identified. Emergency information shall be immediately available and shall include emergency staff and/or agency notification procedures.
Informative Annex M Guidance on Building Type Definitions - Not adopted.
Informative Annex N Addenda Description Information - Not adopted.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 20-22-059, filed 10/30/20, effective 11/30/20)
WAC 194-50-140Normative Annex XInvestment criteriaThis is a normative annex and is part of the Tier 1 covered building requirements of this standard.
X1 Demonstrating compliance with the investment criteria.Buildings seeking compliance using the exception to Section 9.1.1.1 or 9.1.1.2 shall demonstrate compliance with the financial investment criteria of this annex. The investment criteria shall be documented using a level 2 energy audit and by performing the life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) as per X2.2.
X1.1 General guidance on cost and benefits for the base case and alternative case.
The life cycle cost analysis is a process which compares the base case of the existing building to the alternative case that implements EEMs proposed by the energy audit. Total life cycle cost of each case are produced by the analysis, but the resulting cost and benefits of interest are the incremental life cycle cost difference between each case. Measures and bundles of measures demonstrating positive life cycle cost compared to the base case are to be implemented in accordance with chapter 9.
The base case will include all costs for energy, operations and maintenance and other related cost scheduled in the analysis period. This may include replacement of existing equipment upon failure with code compliant equipment. All these costs are captured in the base case.
The alternate case captures all cost and benefits associated with implementing additional efficiency features. All costs and all benefits of implementing EEMs required by Section 9 should be captured by the analysis. All documented costs may be considered.
Extended implementation periods are allowed by this standard. This allows more EEMs to be considered at time of failure resulting in much of the cost of implementation being attributed to the base case. This requires including the implementation timing of the measure in the extended compliance period. Ultimately, this reduces the cost of the alternative case and will likely make EEMs that are not cost-effective as an early replacement be cost-effective as replacement upgrades.
X2 Energy audits and investment criteria pathway.
X2.1Buildings qualifying under the investment criteria must complete a LCCA and implement an optimized bundle of energy efficiency measures that provide maximum energy savings without resulting in a savings-to-investment ratio of less than one.
Exception:
Building owners may demonstrate compliance with this section by completing the Level 2 energy audit and implementing all EEMs determined to have a simple payback that is less than the EEMs expected useful life.
X2.2 The procedures for developing the investment criteria shall be based on ANSI/ASHRAE/ACCA Standard 211 Section 5.5.2 and Section 5.5.3 Life-Cycle Cost Analysis (LCCA) as modified by section X2. The LCCA shall also follow, and consider the findings of, the Level 2 Audit as defined by ANSI/ASHRAE/ACCA Standard 211 Section 5.4.
X2.3 Investment criteria chronological process.
X2.3.1 Level 2 audit. Evaluate a comprehensive list of individual EEMs using simple payback as a screening criteria. Individual EEMs determined to have a simple payback that is greater than the EEMs useful life may be excluded from further consideration.
X2.3.2 Life cycle cost assessment. Identify an optimized bundle of EEMs that provides maximum energy savings without resulting in a savings-to-investment ratio of less than one. The optimized bundle of measures shall be implemented based on the schedule established within the energy management plan.
X2.3.2.1 Life cycle cost assessment on individual measures. Individual measures that do not meet the life cycle cost test may be excluded from the implementation plan if they are not integral to the implementation of other cost-effective measures in the bundle.
X2.3.2.2 Phased implementation. The LCCA and energy management plan may include phased implementation such that the building owner is not required to replace a system or equipment before the end of the system's or equipment's useful life.
X3 Included LCCA costs and savings.
X3.1 The costs and savings to be included within the life cycle cost analysis shall be based on ANSI/ASHRAE/ACCA Standard 211 Sections 5.4.8.1, 5.5.2 and 5.5.3 as modified by the following:
X3.1.1 Cost for implementation of EEM, as required by Section 9.
Estimate EEM Costs (based on Standard 211 Sections 5.4.8).
Estimate the total expected cost of implementation for each practical measure. Cost estimates shall include the following factors, as applicable:
1. Material costs;
2. Labor costs, contracted or executed by employees;
3. Design fees;
4. Construction management, contracted or executed by employees;
5. Site-specific installation factors;
6. Permits;
7. Temporary services;
8. Testing, adjusting, and balancing;
9. Utility service upgrades;
10. Verification, as required in Section 9.2.2 only;
11. Commissioning;
12. Taxes;
13. Profit;
14. Any additional adjustments that significantly impact the cost estimate of the EEM.
Informative Note: Multiple measures affecting the same building systems or end uses may be combined and their costs estimated as a group. Combining costs may improve the cost-effectiveness of combined measures.
Hazardous material abatement (based on standard 211, 5.4.8.2). Estimation of hazardous material abatement costs is not required. If the possible presence of hazardous materials is apparent at the site, either through observation or as reported by others, the possible presence of the hazardous material shall be included in the report (see Standard 211 Section 6.2.5) as potentially affecting health and safety and installation costs.
Cost and cost savings of recommended EEMs (based on standard 211 Section 5.5.2).
Estimate the initial and recurring costs, energy cost savings, and nonenergy cost savings of each measure and each integrated group of measures. Cost estimates shall either be:
1. Obtained from a vendor at the quoted price; or
2. Based on quotations of similar projects within the last year; or
3. Based on labor cost estimates for employee labor.
Life-cycle cost analysis (LCCA) (based on standard 211 section 5.5.2). LCCA 7,8,9,10 of each recommended EEM shall be conducted for a time frame that spans, at a minimum, the life of the measure with the longest service useful life and shall include the following:
1. Initial costs (per Standard 211 Section 5.4.8.1);
2. Financing costs;
3. Annual energy costs;
4. Escalation rates as published by the AHJ citing the source within the energy audit report;
5. Discount rates as published by the AHJ citing the source within the energy audit report;
6. Tax credits and deductions;
7. Cash incentives, grants, and rebates;
8. Expected periodic replacements;
9. Estimated recurring nonenergy costs (maintenance, etc.), of each measure or set of measures. Such costs include annual maintenance and service labor costs, routine replacement of worn parts, or annual warranty fees from manufacturers;
10. Contingency funds not to exceed 5((%))percent of estimated EEM implementation cost; and
11. Water & sewer savings from EEM. EEMs that provide water and/or wastewater savings shall include the operations and maintenance savings resulting from implementation of the EEM.
X4 Life cycle cost analysis methodology, form and key variables.
X4.1 Life-cycle cost analysis completed for buildings qualifying under the investment Criteria shall follow the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Life-Cycle Costing Manual Handbook 135 except as specified in this standard in Table X4.
Table X4 Life Cycle Cost Analysis Variables Independent Of NIST Handbook - 135 Methodology.
Public owner discount rate
A fixed annual rate based on the cost of borrowing through the Washington state treasurer, certificate of participation programs, the local program and the state lease-purchase program.
Private owner discount rate
Shall be the published Wall Street Journal Prime Rate for based on the average of the previous twelve months.
Financing
Applicants with documented costs of borrowing assuming one hundred percent of the EEM implementation costs are financed at an actual cost of borrowing and stated terms when the property being improved is listed as loan collateral.
Rate of inflation
A fixed annual rate, as published annually by the Washington state office of financial management.
Fuel escalation rate
Based on the most recent edition of NIST Handbook - 135 Annual Supplement - Fuel Escalation Rates.
Study period
Equal to the useful life of the longest-lived EEM within an optimized bundle. (STD 211, 5.5.3)
X4.2 Publication of analysis variables. The AHJ shall on an annual basis publish the public owner discount rate, private owner discount rate, rate of inflation and fuel escalation rates on the agency website.
AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 23-13-081, filed 6/15/23, effective 7/16/23)
WAC 194-50-150Normative Annex ZWashington state Tier 1 covered buildings reporting requirementsThis is a normative annex and is part of the Tier 1 covered building requirements of this standard.
Z1 Building owner notifications by the AHJ.
Z1.1 Notification to building owners of covered ((commercial)) buildings by the AHJ. Based on records obtained from each county assessor and other available information sources, the AHJ must create a database of covered ((commercial)) buildings and building owners required to comply with the standard established in accordance with this section. The database may include buildings and building complexes presumed to meet the definition of covered ((commercial)) building and multifamily buildings greater than 50,000 square feet in floor area.
Z1.1.1 The database will contain information about buildings that may be subject to compliance, their owners, and information about multifamily residential buildings eligible for incentives. The database will also contain information to assist tracking and reporting on building owner compliance, and incentive application and distribution. Commerce will create a method for tracking building owner notification responses. Each building or building complex will be assigned a unique building identifier.
Z1.2 By July 1, 2021, the AHJ must provide the owners of covered ((commercial)) buildings with notification of compliance requirements. Notifications will be mailed to the mailing addresses county assessors have on file.
Z1.3 Failure by the AHJ to provide the notification in Z1.2 does not release the building owner of the legal obligation to comply with this law. When a covered building undergoes a change of ownership, it is the buyer's responsibility to contact the AHJ and update the covered building's profile.
Z1.4 By July 1, 2021, the AHJ must provide notifications to the building owners of multifamily residential building where the floor area exceeds 50,000 gross square feet, excluding the parking garage area.
Z2 Building owner response to notifications.
Z2.1 Correction of errors.Building owners are responsible for reviewing the property and building information provided by the AHJ through notification including, but not limited to, building or building complex ownership details, gross floor area, and other information as identified by the building owner.
Z2.1.1 Correction of errors documentation form.Building owners who are notified in error may submit a correction form to the AHJ. The correction form will be used to document gross floor area (conditioned and unconditioned) and/or building type. Building owners that submit the correction form must also submit the documentation required to demonstrate an exception as required in Section Z4.1 prior to the compliance date if applicable.
Z3 Washington state reporting requirements for building owners.
Z3.1 General compliance. The building owner of a covered ((commercial)) building must report compliance with the standard to the AHJ in accordance with the compliance schedule established under Section Z3.1 and every five years thereafter. For each reporting date, the building owner must submit documentation to demonstrate that:
1. The weather normalized energy use intensity of the covered ((commercial)) building measured in a period not to exceed two years prior to the compliance deadline specified in Normative Annex Z3.1 is less than or equal to the energy use intensity target (buildings that meet their energy targets); or
2. The covered building has met the measurement and verification requirements of Section 4.3.3.3 or Section 4.3.3.4 of the investment criteria; or
3. The covered ((commercial)) building has received conditional compliance from the ((department))AHJ based on energy efficiency actions prescribed by the standard; or
((3.))4. The covered ((commercial)) building is exempt from the standard by demonstrating that the building meets one of the criteria for an exemption.
((Z3.1))Z3.2 Compliance schedule. The building owner of a covered ((commercial)) building must report the building owner's compliance with the standard to the ((department))AHJ in accordance with the appropriate initial compliance date as follows and every five years thereafter. Covered buildings complying at a campus-level or connected building level shall use the compliance schedule representing the largest covered building or the compliance schedule can be graduated through conditional compliance based upon individual covered building compliance schedules. Notify the AHJ to update the covered building profile(s) and your compliance deadline.
1. For a building with more than 220,000 gross square feet, June 1, 2026;
2. For a building with more than 90,000 gross square feet but less than ((220,000 and one))220,001 gross square feet, June 1, 2027; and
3. For a building with more than 50,000 gross square feet but less than ((90,000 and one))90,001 gross square feet, June 1, 2028.
((Z3.1.1))Z3.2.1 Early compliance option.Building owners may submit for compliance to the AHJ beginning July 1, 2023. ((The weather normalized energy use intensity))Energy use data for developing the net energy consumption of the covered ((commercial)) building shall be measured in a period not to exceed two years prior to the submission of compliance documentation. This section expires June 1, 2028.
((Z3.1.2))Z3.2.2 Application for conditional compliance. Applications for conditional compliance must ((be submitted))submit to the AHJno later than 180 days prior to the compliance date to receive conditional compliance approval prior to the compliance date.
((Z3.1.3))Z3.2.3 Application for exemption.Building owners submitting an application for exemption as specified in Section Z4.1 must ((be submitted))submit to the AHJno sooner than three years prior and no later than 180 days prior to the compliance date to receive exemption approval prior to the compliance date.
Z4 Documentation of compliance with the standard. Documentation of compliance shall be submitted to the AHJ demonstrating the building owner has complied with the standard through submission of documentation in accordance with Section Z4.1, Z4.2, Z4.3, Z4.4 or Z4.5. Additional requirements for continued reporting may be required as specified in Z4.6.
Z4.1 Documentation of compliance through exemption.Building owners seeking approval of exemption shall submit to the AHJ the Z6.7 Form H, "Application for exemption certificate," documenting the following:
1. Exemption conditions. The building qualifies for one of the ((following)) exemptions listed in Z4.1(2), and:
a. Exemption verification. Compliance with the exemption must be verified by the owner based on the building as it is to be occupied and operating on the compliance date;
b. Exemption application time frame. Applications for exemptions may be submitted no sooner than three years prior to the compliance date and submitted to the AHJ no later than 180 days prior to the compliance date;
c. Exemption certificate validity. Exemptions certificates are only valid for the current compliance review cycle.
d. Exemption recertification. Within six months before the compliance date, building owners who have received exemption approval must certify that the building still meets the eligibility qualifications for the exemption and that there have been no material changes to qualifying conditions. A template for acceptable declarations will be made available by the AHJ on the agency website.
2. Exemptions.Covered ((commercial)) buildings are not eligible for exemption from the standards unless they meet at least one of the following criteria:
a. Certificate of occupancy. The building did not have a certificate of occupancy or temporary certificate of occupancy for a consecutive 12-month((s)) period within two years prior to the compliance date;
b. Physical occupancy. The building did not have physical occupancy by owner or tenant for at least 50 percent of the conditioned floor area throughout the consecutive 12-month period prior to the building compliance date. Buildings approved for this exemption that have a gross floor area with greater than 20,000 square feet of occupied floor area shall comply with Tier 2 covered building requirements for the occupied floor area;
c. Unconditioned and semi-heated space. The sum of the building's gross floor area minus unconditioned and semi-((conditioned))heated spaces, as defined in the Washington State Energy Code, is less than 50,000 square feet. Buildings approved for this exemption with gross floor area minus unconditioned and semi-heated spaces, as defined in the Washington State Energy Code, greater than 20,000 square feet shall comply with Tier 2 covered building requirements of this standard;
d. Manufacturing or industrial. More than 50((%))percent of the gross floor area of the building is ((primarily)) used for manufacturing or other industrial purposes, as defined under the following use designations of the Washington state edition of the International Building Code:
i. Factory group F; or
ii. High hazard group H.
Aggregate gross floor area of spaces with nonexempt occupancy classification greater than 20,000 square feet shall comply with Tier 2 covered building requirements.
e. Agricultural. The building is an agricultural structure;
f. Demolition. The building is pending demolition; or
g. Financial hardship. The building meets at least one of the following conditions of financial hardship:
i. The building had arrears of property taxes or water or wastewater charges that resulted in the building's inclusion, within the prior two years, on a city's or county's annual tax lien sale list;
ii. The building has a court appointed receiver in control of the asset due to financial distress;
iii. The building is owned by a financial institution through default by a borrower;
iv. The building has been acquired by a deed in lieu of foreclosure within the previous 24 months;
v. The building has a senior mortgage subject to a notice of default;
vi. The building owner has an immediate and heavy financial need which cannot be satisfied from other reasonable available resources and which are caused by events that are beyond their control.
3. Notification of exemption approved or denied. After documents have been submitted and reviewed, the AHJ will send notification of approval or denial.
a. If the exemption is approved the AHJ shall notify the applicant stating the application has been approved and update the AHJ records for the building.
b. If the exemption is denied the AHJ shall notify the applicant stating the application has been denied and update the AHJ records for the building.
4. Compliance required when exemption denied. When an application for exemption is denied the building owner must proceed with the process to demonstrate compliance with one of the compliance options in Washington state reporting requirements for building owners, Z4.2-Z4.5.
Z4.2 Buildings that meet the EUIt.Building owners must provide the following documentation to verify that the buildingweather normalized EUI is less than the building EUIt and that the energy management plan ((is complete and being))(EMP) must be completed and the operations and maintenance program (O&M) must be implemented.
• Form A;
• Form B;
• Form C.
Z4.3 Buildings that will meet the building investment criteria prior to the compliance date.Building owners must provide the following documentation to verify that the building has implemented all EEMs that meet the cost-effectiveness criteria resulting from the energy audit and economic evaluation criteria from Normative Annex X. The energy management plan (EMP) must be completed and the operations and maintenance program (O&M) must be implemented and all EEMs must be installed and commissioned prior to the compliance date.
• Form A;
• Form B;
• Form C, except buildings unable to meet Section 5.2, Building energy monitoring;
• ((Energy audit report:
- Level 2 energy audit;
- Normative Annex X - Investment Criteria Form))Form D;
• Form F.
Z4.4 Buildings that will meet the EUIt through conditional compliance.Building owners must provide the following documentation to verify that the building weather normalized EUI is projected to be less than the building EUIt at the end of the measurement and verification period and that the energy management plan ((is complete and being))(EMP) must be completed and the operations and maintenance program (O&M) must be implemented. EEMs required to meet the EUIt must be installed and commissioned prior to the compliance date. Verification and completion shall be documented as required in Section Z4.6.
• Form A;
• Form B;
• Form C;
• ((Energy audit report:
- Level 2 Energy Audit))Form D.
• Continued reporting until completion as specified in Section Z4.6.
Z4.5 Buildings that will meet the building investment criteria through conditional compliance.Building owners must provide the following documentation to verify that the building has implemented all EEMs that meet the cost-effectiveness criteria resulting from the energy audit and economic evaluation criteria from Normative Annex X. The energy management plan (EMP) must be completed and the operations and maintenance program (O&M) must be implemented and all EEMs must be installed and commissioned prior to the compliance date. Verification and completion shall be documented as required in Section Z4.6.
• Form A;
• Form B;
• Form C, except buildings unable to meet Section 5.2 Building Energy Monitoring;
• ((Energy audit report:
- Level 2 energy audit;
- Normative Annex X - Investment Criteria Form))Form D;
• Form F.
• Continued reporting until completion as specified in Section Z4.6.
Z4.5.1 Phased implementation for investment criteria through conditional compliance. The building owner may include phased implementation of EEMs such that the building owner is not required to replace a system or equipment before the end of the system or equipment's useful life. System or equipment fitting this description shall be included in the energy audit and Normative Annex X - Investment Criteria submission with a schedule for replacement. Phased implementation shall be documented in the energy management plan (EMP) and capital management plan required in Section 5.
Z4.6 Continued reporting until completion. Continued reporting is required as specified in Sections Z4.6.1 and Z4.6.2 until completion when: a) measurement and verification extends one year or more beyond the compliance date, or b) implementation is extended phased implementation.
Z4.6.1 Annual reporting. The following up to date reports shall be submitted to the AHJ annually, (date specific).
• Form A;
• Form B;
• Form C, except buildings unable to meet Section 5.2, Building energy.
Z4.6.2 Completion Reporting. The following up to date reports shall be submitted to the AHJ when all conditions of compliance have been verified and documented:
• Form A;
• Form B;
• Form C, except buildings unable to meet Section 5.2, Building energy monitoring. Buildings unable to meet Section 5.2 shall include the verification specified in Section 9.2.2 in the building energy management plan.
Z5 Violations, assessment of administrative penalties, mitigation and review of penalty decisions.
Z5.1 Authorization. The AHJ is authorized to impose administrative penalties upon building owners for failing to submit documentation demonstrating compliance with the requirements of this standard.
Failure to submit documentation demonstrating compliance by the scheduled reporting date will result in progressive penalties by legal notice.
Z5.2 Notice of violation and opportunity to correct (NOVC) (first notice).
Z5.2.1 Notifying owner of failure to demonstrate compliance. The ((department))AHJ may issue a NOVC when a building owner has failed to submit documentation that demonstrates compliance with this standard by the scheduled reporting date.
Z5.2.2 Issuing NOVC. A NOVC may be issued for any of the following reasons:
1. Failure to submit a compliance report in the form and manner prescribed by the AHJ;
2. Failure to meet an energy use intensity target or failure to receive conditional compliance approval;
3. Failure to provide accurate reporting consistent with the requirements of the standard; and
4. Failure to provide a valid exemption certificate.
Z5.2.3 Identifying failure to demonstrate compliance. The AHJ will identify in the NOVC which section(s) of law, code, or the standard for which the building owner has failed to demonstrate compliance.
((Z5.2.3))Z5.2.4 Specifying time frame to remedy. The NOVC will specify the time by which the building owner must cure the violation by submitting documentation that demonstrates compliance with the identified section(s) of law, code, or the standard. The AHJ will give the building owner at least seven calendar days to submit such documentation.
((Z5.2.4))Z5.2.5 Missing NOVC response deadline. If sufficient documentation is not submitted by the date specified in the NOVC, the AHJ will issue a notice of violation and intent to assess administrative penalties (NOVI) and the building owner will be subject to administrative penalties.
Z5.3 Notice of violation and intent to assess administrative penalties (NOVI) (second notice).
Z5.3.1 Issuing NOVI. If a building owner fails to respond to a NOVC by submitting documentation demonstrating compliance by the date specified in the NOVC, the AHJ will issue a NOVI.
Z5.3.2 Identifying failure to demonstrate compliance and assessing penalties. The AHJ will identify in the NOVI which section(s) of law, code, or the standard for which the building owner has failed to demonstrate compliance. The NOVI will also include a description of how the penalties the AHJ intends to assess will be calculated.
Z5.3.3 Responding to NOVI.Building owners must respond to a NOVI within 30 days by either:
1. Submitting an application for exemption in accordance with Section Z4.1 if applicable;
2. Submitting a noncompliance mitigation plan in accordance with Z5.7;
3. Submitting its intent to pay the penalties by using the form provided by the AHJ; or
4. Submitting a request for an administrative proceeding to challenge or mitigate the penalty.
((Z5.3.3))Z5.3.4 Missing NOVI response deadline. If the building owner does not timely request a hearing or submit an application for exemption, the building owner waives its right to a hearing and the director or their designee may issue a final order assessing the penalties described in the NOVI. If the building owner has submitted a mitigation plan, the final order will only assess penalties from the scheduled compliance date until the date of an approval of compliance or conditional compliance.
((Z5.3.4))Z5.3.5 Requesting hearing for denied exemption.Building owners who submit an application for exemption that is denied may request a hearing by submitting a request for a hearing within 30 days of issuance of the decision denying its application for exemption. If the building owner does not request a hearing within 30 days, the building owner waives its right to a hearing and the director or their designee may issue a final order assessing the penalties described in the NOVI.
Z5.4 Assessment of administrative penalties.
Z5.4.1 Penalties for building owners. Failure to submit documentation demonstrating compliance with the standard by the date specified in a NOVC will result in the issuance of a NOVI and the assessment of administrative penalties at an amount not to exceed $5,000 plus an amount based on the duration of any continuing violation. The additional amount for a continuing violation may not exceed a daily amount equal to one dollar per square foot of gross floor area per year.
a. Penalties are assessed for each compliance period.
b. The AHJ may by rule increase the penalty rates to adjust for the effects of inflation.
Z5.4.1.1 ((Penalties for building owners that))Submit a noncompliance mitigation plan. For building owners subject to a NOVI who respond within 30 days by submitting a noncompliance mitigation plan (Z5.7), fines shall be assessed on an annual basis or when the building owner achieves compliance or conditional compliance.
a. With completion documentation. For applicants that submit a noncompliance mitigation plan and who submit documentation demonstrating completion, daily penalties will be assessed from the scheduled compliance date to the date of approval of compliance or conditional compliance. The penalty will be assessed at an amount not to exceed 30 percent of $5,000 plus a daily amount equal to 20 cents per square foot of gross floor area per year.
b. Without completion documentation. For applicants that submit a noncompliance mitigation plan but have not submitted documentation demonstrating completion, if the building does not comply with the standard by the next compliance date, the building owner will be assessed the maximum penalty of $5,000 plus a daily amount equal to one dollar per square foot of gross floor area per year not to exceed a value greater than 18 months of accrued penalty.
((The AHJ may by rule increase the penalty rates to adjust for the effects of inflation.))
Z5.4.1.2 ((Penalties for building owners that))Choose to pay the fine rather than pursuing compliance.Building owners may choose to respond to the NOVI by paying the maximum penalty. The building owner will be assessed the maximum penalty of $5,000 plus a daily amount equal to one dollar per square foot of gross floor area per year not to exceed a value greater than 18 months of accrued penalty. ((Penalties are assessed for each compliance period.
The AHJ may by rule increase the penalty rates to adjust for the effects of inflation.))
Z5.4.2 Late fees. When assessed penalties are not paid within 180 days of the date of a final order assessing penalties, the AHJ may assess further penalties. Total penalties assessed for Tier 1 covered buildings will not exceed $5,000 plus a daily amount equal to one dollar per square foot of gross floor area per year.
Z5.4.3 Interest. Interest will accrue on civil penalties pursuant to RCW 43.17.240 if and when the debt becomes past due.
Z5.5 Due date and collection of penalties.
Z5.5.1 Penalties due. Penalties shall become due and payable on the later of:
1. Thirty days after receipt of the final order imposing the penalty; or
2. The date specified in the final order imposing the penalty.
Z5.5.2 Debt collection. If a penalty has not been paid by the due date, the AHJ may assign the debt to a collection agency as authorized by RCW 19.16.500 or take other action to pursue collection as authorized by law. If referred to a collection agency, the AHJ may add a reasonable fee, payable by the debtor, to the outstanding debt for the collection agency fee.
Z5.5.3 Accumulated daily fine. For building owners that are implementing a noncompliance mitigation plan but have not yet complied, the AHJ may assess the accumulated daily fine on June 1st of each year or shortly thereafter.
Z5.6 Payment of administrative penalties.
A check or money order payable in U.S. funds to the Washington state department of commerce can be mailed to:
Washington State Department of Commerce
Re: Clean Buildings Initiative, Energy Division
P.O. Box 42525
Olympia, WA 98504-2525
Z5.7 Noncompliance mitigation plan.Owners of covered ((commercial)) buildings that are out of compliance by the scheduled compliance date and have not corrected the violation by the date noted in a NOVC may reduce possible penalties by demonstrating that they are taking action to achieve compliance with the standard. To begin the process of mitigating noncompliance, a building owner must submit to the AHJ the noncompliance mitigation plan form selecting one of the following actions within 30 days of the date of a NOVI to avoid immediate issuance of penalty in accordance with Z5.4.1.
1. Compliance with the standard in accordance with Z4.2.
2. Conditional compliance with the standard in accordance with Z4.4.
3. Conditional compliance with the standard in accordance with Z4.5.
Z5.7.1 Mitigation completion. To demonstrate completion, the building owner shall complete all of the requirements of this standard and submit documentation as required by Section Z4.2, Z4.4 or Z4.5. After the building owner has demonstrated completion, the AHJ shall issue a final order assessing the reduced penalty as specified by Z5.4.1.1(a).
Z5.8 Administrative hearings.
Z5.8.1 Requesting a hearing. A building owner may request an administrative hearing after receiving an NOVI or after the denial of its application for an exemption by submitting a request within 30 days of the date of a NOVI or the denial of a timely application for exemption. All requests must be made in writing and filed at the address specified on the NOVI. For convenience, the AHJ will attach a form titled request for hearing to the NOVI that may be used to request an administrative hearing.
Requests for hearing must be accompanied by the following:
1. Washington State Building ID;
2. Submit Annex Z Forms A, B, and C.
Z5.8.2 Hearing process. The AHJ may refer matters to the office of administrative hearings (OAH). Administrative hearings will be conducted in accordance with chapter 34.05 WAC, Administrative Procedure Act, chapter 10-08 WAC, Model rules of procedure, and the procedural rules adopted in this chapter. In the case of a conflict between the model rules of procedure and the procedural rules adopted in this section, the procedural rules adopted in this section take precedence.
Z5.8.3 Initial orders to become final orders. Initial orders issued by the presiding officer will become final without further agency action unless, within 20 days:
1. The director determines that the initial order should be reviewed; or
2. A party to the proceeding files a petition for administrative review of the initial order. Upon occurrence of either event, notice shall be given to all parties to the proceeding.
Z5.8.4. Judicial review. A final order entered pursuant to this section is subject to judicial review pursuant to RCW 34.05.510 through 34.05.598.
Z5.8.5 Collected penalties.((The AHJ will deposit all penalties collected and received by the department under this section))Administrative penalties collected under this section must be deposited into the low-income weatherization and structural rehabilitation assistance account created in RCW ((70.164.030))70A.35.030.
Z6 Compliance forms. The following section replace Normative Annex C Forms in Standard 100 and provide additional forms specified by rule Building owners are required to submit the applicable forms and the required supporting information to demonstrate compliance with the standard. These forms replace all referenced forms in this standard. The AHJ will make these forms available in an electronic format for submission to the AHJ.
Z6.1 Compliance with Standard 100 (Form A)
1. Building identification:
a. WA state building ID;
b. County;
c. County parcel number(s);
d. Portfolio manager property ID number;
e. Property name;
f. Parent property name;
g. Address 1 (street);
h. Address 2;
i. City;
j. State; and
k. Postal code.
2. Contact information:
a. Building owner name(s);
b. Contact name;
c. Address 1 (street);
d. Address 2;
e. City;
f. State/Province;
g. Country;
h. Postal code;
i. Telephone number;
j. Email address.
3. Qualified person:
a. Qualified person name;
b. Address 1 (street);
c. Address 2;
d. City;
e. State;
f. Postal code;
g. Telephone number;
h. Email address((:));
i. Licensed, certified (select all that apply)((;
ii. Licensure or)):
i. Licensure; or
ii. Certifying authority.
4. Energy manager (if different than the qualified person):
a. Energy manager name;
b. Address 1 (street);
c. Address 2;
d. City;
e. State/Province;
f. Postal code;
g. Country;
h. Telephone number;
i. Email address.
5. This compliance report is for:
a. Building that meets the EUIt;
b. Building that meets the building investment criteria prior to the compliance date;
c. Building that will meet the EUIt through conditional compliance;
d. Building that will meet the building investment criteria through conditional compliance;
e. Annual reporting;
f. Completion reporting.
6. Summary data:
a. Energy ((utilization index))use intensity target (EUIt)(((KBtu/ft2 yr)))(kBtu/ft2/yr) based on completed Z6.2 Form B;
Note:
Baseline WNEUI for buildings that will meet investment criteria through conditional compliance.
b. Measured site EUI (kBtu/ft2) for the compliance year for this building based on Z6.3 Form C;
c. Building without an energy target;
Note:
Predicted site EUI for buildings that will meet the EUIt or investment criteria through conditional compliance.
Note:
Buildings unable to develop EUIt in accordance with Section 7.2.2 or 7.2.3 of this standard shall report national median site EUI as calculated by the Energy Star portfolio manager account and reported on Form C.
d. Measured weather normalized site EUI (kBtu/ft2) for the compliance year based on Z6.3 Form C;
((d.))e. List the months/year of the collected data (mm/yyyy - mm/yyyy) for the compliance year for this building from Z6.3 Form C;
((e.))f. Buildings applying for conditional compliance through meeting the EUIt shall submit the following based on Section Z6.4 Form D:
• Baseline EUI;
• Projected EUI;
g. Buildings applying for conditional compliance through meeting the investment criteria shall submit the following based on Section Z6.4 Form D:
• Baseline total kBtu;
• Projected total kBtu;
• Projected savings total kBtu;
h.Buildings unable to comply with Section 5.2, Building energy monitoring and complete Z6.3 Form C shall provide a reason statement.
7. Have the energy management requirements of Section 5 been met? [ ] Yes [ ] No
• Upload energy management plan as specified by the AHJ.
8. Have the operation and maintenance requirements of Section 6 been met? [ ] Yes [ ] No
• Upload operation and maintenance implementation documentation as specified by the AHJ.
9. Date the audit and economic evaluation was completed (N/A if none required).
• Upload audit reports as specified by Z6.4 Form D.
10. Have all EEMs required by Section 8 been implemented? [ ] Yes [ ] No
11. Have the requirements of Section 9 been completed? [ ] Yes [ ] No
12. We state that this building complies with ANSI/ASHRAE/IES Standard 100 as amended by the AHJ to conform with RCW 19.27A.210:
a. Signature of building owner:
• Date:
b. Signature of qualified person:
• Date:
c. Signature of energy manager:
• Date:
d. Signature of authority having jurisdiction:
• Conditional or final compliance:
• Date:
Z6.2 Building activity and energy use intensity target (EUIt) (Form B). - Complete form provided by the AHJ with the following information:
1. Building identification:
a. Washington state building ID;
b. County;
c. County parcel number(s);
d. Portfolio manager property ID number;
e. Property name;
f. Parent property name;
g. Address 1 (street);
h. Address 2;
i. City;
j. State; and
k. Postal code.
2. List the building location climate zone, 4C or 5B. Determine the climate zone using ASHRAE climate zone as found on the map in Informative Annex G.
a. Buildings located in Climate Zone 5C shall use Climate Zone 4C.
b.Buildings located in Climate Zone 6B shall use Climate Zone 5B.
3. The gross floor area in square feet shall be reported as defined in Section 3.
4. If entire building is single activity/type not listed in Table 7-1, it should be listed as "building without target" on Z6.1 Form A. List "energy target" as "N/A" on Z6.2 Form B and Z6.2 Form B is considered complete.
5. Fill in fraction of gross floor area (A)i for each activity. For single-activity buildings this is 1.0.
6. Fill in the operating shifts normalization factor (S)i from Table 7-3 for each activity ((that has an area entered from Step 6)).
7. Fill in the activity energy target (EUIt1)i from Table 7-2 (or table from AHJ) for each activity ((that has an area entered from Step 6)).
8. Calculate weighted space EUI target (A × S × EUIt1)i for each activity ((that has an area entered from Step 6)).
9. Add up fraction of floor area and enter sum in "Total fraction of floor area with target," and add up all weighted space EUI targets and enter sum as the "energy target" on Z6.2 and Z6.1 Forms B and A.
10. If more than 50((%))percent of gross floor area has no target, it should be listed as "building without target" on Z6.1 Form A. List "energy target" as "N/A" on Z6.2 Form B.
For single-activity buildings this is 1.0.
Z6.3 Energy-Use Intensity Calculations (Form C).Energy Use Intensity Calculations shall be reported via the U.S. EPA's ENERGY STAR Portfolio Manager (www.energystar.gov/benchmark). The energy manager is responsible for creating Energy Star portfolio manager record for each building.
Exception to Z6.3:Buildings unable to comply with Section 5.2, Building energy monitoring shall comply at the connected buildings level or demonstrate compliance through Z4.3 or Z4.5.
The Energy Star portfolio manager building record shall be identical to the building activity/type, fraction floor area, operating shifts (hours of operation) and gross floor area of the building as reported on Form B. All inputs shall be up to date prior to reporting as required in Section Z4 and annually as required in Section 5.1.2.3, Annual updates of the net energy use and EUI.
Prior to submitting reports run the Energy Star portfolio manager data quality checker and make all corrections required to complete the report.
The energy manager shall use the EPA's Energy Star portfolio manager share properties feature and share the property data with the AHJ by enabling the read only access and exchange data feature.
For each report submitted under Section Z4, the energy manager shall create and submit a report documenting the required data fields listed (below) and other fields deemed necessary by the AHJ for the reporting period. This shall be submitted using the Washington state report specified in Energy Star portfolio manager.
Report fields shall include:
• Portfolio manager property ID;
• Portfolio manager parent property ID;
• Property name;
• Parent property name;
• Address 1;
• Address 2;
• City;
• County;
• State/Province;
• Postal Code;
• Primary property type - Self-selected;
• Primary property type - EPA calculated;
• List of all property use types at property;
• Property GFA - Self-reported (ft2);
• Property GFA - EPA calculated (buildings and parking) (ft2);
• Property GFA - EPA calculated (buildings) (ft2);
• Property GFA - EPA calculated (parking) (ft2);
• Largest property use type;
• Largest property use type - Gross floor area (ft2);
• 2nd Largest property use type;
• 2nd Largest property use - Gross floor area (ft2);
• 3rd Largest property use type;
• 3rd Largest property use type - Gross floor area (ft2);
• Year built;
• Occupancy;
• Property notes;
• Property data administrator;
• Property data administrator - Email;
• Last modified date - Property;
• Last modified date - Electric meters;
• Last modified date - Gas meters;
• Last modified date - Nonelectric nongas energy meters;
• Local standard ID(s) Washington state building standard;
• Data center - Energy estimates applied;
• Electricity use - Grid purchase and generated from on-site renewable systems (kWh);
• Electricity use - Grid purchase (kWh);
• Electricity use - Generated from on-site renewable systems and used on-site (kWh);
• Natural gas use (therms);
• Fuel oil #1 use (kBtu);
• Fuel oil #2 use (kBtu);
• Fuel oil #4 use (kBtu);
• Fuel oil #5 and 6 use (kBtu);
• Diesel #2 use (kBtu);
• Kerosene use (kBtu);
• Propane use (kBtu);
• District steam use (kBtu);
• District hot water use (kBtu);
• District chilled water use (kBtu);
• Coal - Anthracite use (kBtu);
• Coal - Bituminous use (kBtu);
• Coke use (kBtu);
• Wood use (kBtu);
• Other use (kBtu);
• Default values;
• Temporary values;
• Estimated data flag - Electricity (grid purchase);
• Estimated data flag - Natural gas;
• Alert - Data center does not have an IT meter;
• Alert - Gross floor area is 0 ft2;
• Alert - Property has no uses;
• Data quality checker - Date run;
• Data quality checker run - ?
• Alert - Energy meter has less than 12 full calendar months of data;
• Alert - Energy meter has gaps;
• Alert - Energy meter has overlaps;
• Alert - Energy - No meters selected for metrics;
• Alert - Energy meter has single entry more than 65 days;
• Estimated values - Energy;
• Energy Star score;
• National median site energy use (kBtu);
• National median site EUI (kBtu/ft2);
Site energy use (kBtu);
• Site EUI (kBtu/ft2);
Weather normalized site energy use (kBtu);
Weather normalized site EUI (kBtu/ft2);
Weather normalized site electricity (kWh);
Weather normalized site electricity intensity (kWh/ft2);
Weather normalized site natural gas use (therms);
Weather normalized site natural gas intensity (therms/ft2) energy current date;
• Electricity use - Generated from on-site renewable systems (kWh);
• Electricity use - Generated from on-site renewable systems and exported (kWh);
• Electricity Use - Grid purchase and generated from on-site renewable systems (kBtu);
• Electricity use - Grid purchase (kBtu);
• Electricity use - Generated from on-site renewable systems and used on site (kBtu);
• Natural gas use (kBtu);
• Percent of total electricity generated from on-site renewable systems;
• Cooling degree days (CDD) (°F);
• Heating degree days (HDD) (°F);
• Weather station name;
• Weather station ID.
Z6.4 End-use analysis requirements.Building owners shall demonstrate compliance with Form D by providing the documentation required by section Z6.4.1.
Z6.4.1 Energy Audit Forms (Form D). The energy audit form shall be provided electronically by completing the energy audit form included in the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Asset Score Tool, or an equivalent tool provided by the AHJ. This form shall be completed ((in compliance with))to document the ((level 2)) energy audit, as published in ASHRAE Standard 211, Standard for commercial building energy audits, including EEMs considered but determined to have a simple payback that is greater than the EEMs useful life.
Form E - Not adopted.
Z6.5 Annex X, Investment Criteria Tool (Form F).
Z6.5.1 To demonstrate compliance with the investment criteria of Normative Annex X, building owners shall complete and submit Form F.
Z6.5.2 Form F shall be developed by the AHJ. Form F shall be a life cycle cost evaluation tool compliant with NIST Standard 135 and capable of supporting the evaluation criteria required by Normative Annex X.
Z6.5.3 Form F shall evaluate all EEMs considered that have a simple payback that is less than the EEMs useful life.
Z6.6 Documentation of a building of historic significance (Form G).
Z6.6.1 Energy efficiency measure exemptions for historic buildings. No individual energy efficiency measure identified by energy efficiency audits need to be implemented if it would compromise the historical integrity of a building or part of a building. Building owners seeking this exception shall provide the following documentation. Certified historic buildings are not exempt from the other requirements of this standard.
Z6.6.2 Plan for compliance. The owner of a qualifying historic building shall have the plan for compliance evaluated by a qualified historic preservationist, as defined in 36 C.F.R., Part 61, identifying any energy efficiency requirement that may compromise the historic integrity of the building or part of the building. Any element of the plan identified to compromise the historic integrity of the building or part of the building shall be omitted from the compliance plan. Evidence of this evaluation must be submitted to the AHJ for approval.
Z6.6.3 Documentation of a historic building.Building owners must provide documentation to the AHJ that proves its historic identification or eligibility. Valid documentation from any existing programs listed below is acceptable.
1. Examples of existing programs that verify historic property include:
a. The National Register of Historic Places;
b. The Washington heritage register;
c. Properties that are identified by the department of archaeology and historic preservation (DAHP) to be eligible for listing in either one of these registers; and
d. Properties which are listed in a local register of historic places; or
2. Other documentation approved by the AHJ.
Z6.7 Application for Exemption Certificate (Form H).
Apply for an exemption certificate by submitting the following documentation ((to the building owner)) in the form specified by the AHJ. The application must include:
1. Building identification:
a. Washington state building ID;
b. County;
c. County parcel number(s);
d. Portfolio manager property ID number;
e. Property name;
f. Parent property name;
g. Address 1 (street);
h. Address 2;
i. City;
j. State; and
k. Postal code.
2. Contact information:
a. Building owner name(s);
b. Contact name;
c. Address 1 (street);
d. Address 2;
e. City;
f. State/Province;
g. Country;
h. Postal code;
i. Telephone number; and
j. Email address.
3. Building information:
a. Primary building activity from Table 7-1, or a description of the nonlisted building type;
b. Building gross floor area;
c. Building gross conditioned floor area.
4. Reason for exemption: Based on exemptions listed in Section Z4.1(2).
A list all of documents enclosed and any facts in support of this application. Provide at least two of the acceptable documents listed below:
a. Municipal or county records;
b. Documents from a qualified person;
c. Construction permit;
d. Certificate of occupancy or application for certificate of occupancy;
e. Demolition permit;
f. Financial statements such as statement of assets; liabilities, capital, and surplus, statement of revenue and expenses; or statement of ((case))cash flow;
g. A letter from the building owner stating facts and explaining financial hardships;
h. Other documentation approved by the AHJ.
5. Signature and statement of building owner stating that the authorized representative of the building, affirm and attest to the accuracy, truthfulness and completeness of the statements of material fact provided in this form.
Z7 Section 7Tables as modified by Washington state.
Table 7-1 ((Commercial)) Building Activity Types/Activities
 
Building Activity Type1,2
 
No.
Portfolio Manager Types
Portfolio Manager Sub-Types
Sub-Types: Detailed
Notes
1
Banking/financial services
Bank Branch
 
 
2
Banking/financial services
Financial Office
 
 
3
Education
Adult Education
 
 
4
Education
College/University
 
 
5
Education
K-12 School
Elementary/middle school
 
6
Education
K-12 School
High school
 
7
Education
Preschool/Daycare
 
 
8
Education
Vocational School
 
 
9
Education
Other - Education
 
 
10
Entertainment/public assembly
Aquarium
 
 
11
Entertainment/public assembly
Bar/Nightclub
 
 
12
Entertainment/public assembly
Bowling Alley
 
 
13
Entertainment/public assembly
Casino
 
 
14
Entertainment/public assembly
Convention Center
 
 
15
Entertainment/public assembly
Fitness Center/Health Club/Gym
 
 
16
Entertainment/public assembly
Ice/Curling Rink
 
 
17
Entertainment/public assembly
Indoor Arena
 
 
18
Entertainment/public assembly
Movie Theater
 
 
19
Entertainment/public assembly
Museum
 
 
20
Entertainment/public assembly
Performing Arts
 
 
21
Entertainment/public assembly
Race Track
 
 
22
Entertainment/public assembly
Roller Rink
 
 
23
Entertainment/public assembly
Social/Meeting Hall
 
 
24
Entertainment/public assembly
Stadium (Closed)
 
 
25
Entertainment/public assembly
Stadium (Open)
 
 
26
Entertainment/public assembly
Swimming Pool
 
 
27
Entertainment/public assembly
Zoo
 
 
28
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Entertainment/culture
 
29
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Library
 
30
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Other public assembly
 
31
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Recreation
 
32
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Social/meeting
 
33
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Recreation
 
 
34
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Stadium
 
 
35
Food sales and service
Bar/Nightclub
 
 
36
Food sales and service
Convenience Store with Gas Station
 
 
37
Food sales and service
Convenience Store without Gas Station
 
 
38
Food sales and service
Fast Food Restaurant
 
 
39
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Grocery/food market
 
40
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Convenience store with gas
 
41
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Convenience store
 
42
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Other food sales
 
43
Food sales and service
Food Service
Fast food
 
44
Food sales and service
Food Service
Restaurant/cafeteria
 
45
Food sales and service
Food Service
Other food service
 
46
Food sales and service
Restaurant
 
 
47
Food sales and service
Supermarket/Grocery Store
 
 
48
Food sales and service
Wholesale Club/Supercenter
 
 
49
Food sales and service
Other - Restaurant/Bar
 
 
50
Healthcare
Ambulatory Surgical Center
 
 
51
Healthcare
Hospital (General Medical & Surgical)*
 
 
52
Healthcare
Medical Office
 
3
53
Healthcare
Outpatient Rehabilitation/Physical Therapy
 
 
54
Healthcare
Residential Care Facility
 
 
55
Healthcare
Senior Care Community
 
 
56
Healthcare
Urgent Care/Clinic/Other Outpatient
 
 
57
Healthcare
Other - Specialty Hospital
 
 
58
Lodging/residential
Barracks
 
 
59
Lodging/residential
Hotel
Hotel
 
60
Lodging/residential
Hotel
Motel or inn
 
61
Lodging/residential
Multifamily Housing
 
 
62
Lodging/residential
Prison/Incarceration
 
 
63
Lodging/residential
Residence Hall/Dormitory
 
 
64
Lodging/residential
Residential Care Facility
 
 
65
Lodging/residential
Senior Care Community
 
 
66
Lodging/residential
Other - Lodging/Residential
 
 
67
Mixed use
Mixed Use Property
 
4
68
Office
Medical Office
 
3
69
Office
Office
Admin/professional office
 
70
Office
Office
Bank/other financial
 
71
Office
Office
Government office
 
72
Office
Office
Medical office (diagnostic)
3
73
Office
Office
Other office
 
74
Office
Veterinary Office
 
 
75
Office
Other - Office
 
 
76
Public services
Courthouse
 
 
77
Public services
Fire Station
 
 
78
Public services
Library
 
 
79
Public services
Mailing Center/Post Office
 
 
80
Public services
Police Station
 
 
81
Public services
Prison/Incarceration
 
 
82
Public services
Social/Meeting Hall
 
 
83
Public services
Transportation Terminal/Station
 
 
84
Public services
Other - Public Service
 
 
85
Religious worship
Worship Facility
 
 
86
Retail
Automobile Dealership
 
 
87
Retail
Convenience Store with Gas Station
 
 
88
Retail
Convenience Store without Gas Station
 
 
89
Retail
Enclosed Mall
 
5
90
Retail
Lifestyle Center
Enclosed mall
5
91
Retail
Lifestyle Center
Other retail
 
92
Retail
Lifestyle Center
Retail store
 
93
Retail
Lifestyle Center
 
4
94
Retail
Retail Store
 
 
95
Retail
Strip Mall
 
4
96
Retail
Supermarket/Grocery Store
 
 
97
Retail
Wholesale Club/Supercenter
 
 
98
Retail
Other - Retail/Mall
Enclosed mall
5
99
Retail
Other - Retail/Mall
 
4
100
Technology/science
Data Center
 
6
101
Technology/science
Laboratory
 
 
102
Technology/science
Other - Technology/Science
Other service
 
103
Services
Personal Services (Health/Beauty, Dry Cleaning, etc.)
 
 
104
Services
Repair Services (Vehicle, Shoe, Locksmith, etc.)
Repair shop
 
105
Services
Repair Services (Vehicle, Shoe, Locksmith, etc.)
Vehicle service/repair shop
 
106
Services
Repair Services (Vehicle, Shoe, Locksmith, etc.)
Vehicle storage/maintenance
 
107
Services
Other - Services
 
 
108
Utility
Energy/Power Station
 
7
109
Utility
Other - Utility
 
7
110
Warehouse/storage
Self-Storage Facility
 
 
111
Warehouse/storage
Distribution Center
 
 
112
Warehouse/storage
Nonrefrigerated Warehouse
 
 
113
Warehouse/storage
Refrigerated Warehouse
 
 
Notes:
1. Select the most specific building activity type that applies.
 
2. ((For building type definitions see Energy Star portfolio manager definitions except as follows:))Building Activity Types are defined by AHJ in Table 7-4 and also include the following:
 
 
• Data center: Is an activity space designed and equipped to meet the needs of high density computing equipment, such as server racks, used for data storage and processing, including dedicated uninterruptible power supplies and cooling systems and require a constant power load of 75 kW or more. Gross floor area shall only include space within the building including raised floor computing space, server rack aisles, storage silos, control console areas, battery rooms and mechanical rooms for dedicated cooling equipment. Gross floor area shall not include a server closet, telecommunications equipment closet, computer training area, office, elevator, corridors, or other auxiliary space.
 
 
• Urgent care center/clinic/other outpatient office means the buildings used to diagnose and treat patients, usually on an unscheduled, walk-in basis, who have an injury or illness that requires immediate care but is not serious enough to warrant a visit to an emergency department. Includes facilities that provide same-day surgical, diagnostic and preventive care.
 
3. All medical offices considered to be diagnostic type.
 
4. Must use of Section 7.2.3 method for mixed use buildings.
 
5. Suggest considering use of Section 7.2.3 method for mixed use buildings.
 
6. This is a building or activity without an energy target. Included to provide definition only.
 
7. This is a building or activity without an energy target. This may be exempt from the standard, see Section Z4.1 2, d.
Table 7-2a Building Activity Site Energy Targets (EUIt1) (I-P Units)
 
Building Activity Type1,2
 
Climate Zone 4C
Climate Zone 5B
No.
Portfolio Manager Types
Portfolio Manager
Sub-Types
Sub-Types: Detailed
Notes
EUIt
EUIt
1
Banking/financial services
Bank Branch
 
 
69
71
2
Banking/financial services
Financial Office
 
 
69
71
3
Education
Adult Education
 
 
49
51
4
Education
College/University
 
8, 9
102
102
5
Education
K-12 School
Elementary/middle school
9
49
50
6
Education
K-12 School
High school
9
48
49
7
Education
Preschool/Daycare
 
 
59
59
8
Education
Vocational School
 
 
49
51
9
Education
Other - Education
 
 
49
51
10
Entertainment/public assembly
Aquarium
 
 
55
59
11
Entertainment/public assembly
Bar/Nightclub
 
 
55
59
12
Entertainment/public assembly
Bowling Alley
 
 
73
78
13
Entertainment/public assembly
Casino
 
 
55
59
14
Entertainment/public assembly
Convention Center
 
 
50
52
15
Entertainment/public assembly
Fitness Center/Health Club/Gym
 
 
73
78
16
Entertainment/public assembly
Ice/Curling Rink
 
 
73
78
17
Entertainment/public assembly
Indoor Arena
 
 
67
70
18
Entertainment/public assembly
Movie Theater
 
 
67
70
19
Entertainment/public assembly
Museum
 
 
67
70
20
Entertainment/public assembly
Performing Arts
 
 
55
59
21
Entertainment/public assembly
Race Track
 
 
67
70
22
Entertainment/public assembly
Roller Rink
 
 
73
78
23
Entertainment/public assembly
Social/Meeting Hall
 
 
50
52
24
Entertainment/public assembly
Stadium (Closed)
 
 
67
70
25
Entertainment/public assembly
Stadium (Open)
 
 
67
70
26
Entertainment/public assembly
Swimming Pool
 
 
73
78
27
Entertainment/public assembly
Zoo
 
 
55
59
28
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Entertainment/culture
 
67
70
29
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Library
 
56
59
30
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Other public assembly
 
55
59
31
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Recreation
 
73
78
32
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Social/meeting
 
50
52
33
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Recreation
 
 
73
78
34
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Stadium
 
 
67
70
35
Food sales and service
Bar/Nightclub
 
 
361
378
36
Food sales and service
Convenience Store with Gas Station
 
 
((244))260
((253))269
37
Food sales and service
Convenience Store without Gas Station
 
 
((260))244
((269))253
38
Food sales and service
Fast Food Restaurant
 
 
427
454
39
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Grocery/food market
 
191
198
40
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Convenience store with gas
 
260
269
41
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Convenience store
 
244
253
42
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Other food sales
 
184
189
43
Food sales and service
Food Service
Fast food
 
427
454
44
Food sales and service
Food Service
Restaurant/cafeteria
 
361
378
45
Food sales and service
Food Service
Other food service
 
293
308
46
Food sales and service
Restaurant
 
 
361
378
47
Food sales and service
Supermarket/Grocery Store
 
 
191
198
48
Food sales and service
Wholesale Club/Supercenter
 
 
68
75
49
Food sales and service
Other - Restaurant/Bar
 
 
361
378
50
Healthcare
Ambulatory Surgical Center
 
 
90
96
51
Healthcare
Hospital (General Medical & Surgical)*
 
9
215
215
52
Healthcare
Medical Office
 
3
 
 
53
Healthcare
Outpatient Rehabilitation/Physical Therapy
 
 
90
96
54
Healthcare
Residential Care Facility
 
 
78
82
55
Healthcare
Senior Care Community
 
 
78
82
56
Healthcare
Urgent Care/Clinic/Other Outpatient
 
 
90
96
57
Healthcare
Other - Specialty Hospital
 
 
196
196
58
Lodging/residential
Barracks
 
 
88
90
59
Lodging/residential
Hotel
Hotel
 
68
72
60
Lodging/residential
Hotel
Motel or inn
 
74
77
61
Lodging/residential
Multifamily Housing
 
 
32
33
62
Lodging/residential
Prison/Incarceration
 
9
101
106
63
Lodging/residential
Residence Hall/Dormitory
 
 
88
90
64
Lodging/residential
Residential Care Facility
 
 
78
82
65
Lodging/residential
Senior Care Community
 
 
78
82
66
Lodging/residential
Other - Lodging/Residential
 
 
71
74
67
Mixed use
Mixed Use Property
 
4
 
 
68
Office
Medical Office
 
3
60
65
69
Office
Office
Admin/professional office
 
63
66
70
Office
Office
Bank/other financial
 
69
71
71
Office
Office
Government office
 
66
69
72
Office
Office
Medical office (diagnostic)
3
60
65
73
Office
Office
Other office
 
66
68
74
Office
Veterinary Office
 
 
90
96
75
Office
Other - Office
 
 
66
68
76
Public services
Courthouse
 
 
101
106
77
Public services
Fire Station
 
 
65
68
78
Public services
Library
 
 
56
59
79
Public services
Mailing Center/Post Office
 
 
51
54
80
Public services
Police Station
 
 
65
68
81
Public services
Prison/Incarceration
 
9
101
106
82
Public services
Social/Meeting Hall
 
 
50
52
83
Public services
Transportation Terminal/Station
 
 
55
59
84
Public services
Other - Public Service
 
 
66
69
85
Religious worship
Worship Facility
 
 
39
42
86
Retail
Automobile Dealership
 
 
59
66
87
Retail
Convenience Store with Gas Station
 
 
260
269
88
Retail
Convenience Store without Gas Station
 
 
244
253
89
Retail
Enclosed Mall
 
5
58
64
90
Retail
Lifestyle Center
Enclosed mall
5
58
64
91
Retail
Lifestyle Center
Other retail
 
55
62
92
Retail
Lifestyle Center
Retail store
 
68
75
93
Retail
Lifestyle Center
 
4
 
 
94
Retail
Retail Store
 
 
68
75
95
Retail
Strip Mall
 
4
 
 
96
Retail
Supermarket/Grocery Store
 
 
191
198
97
Retail
Wholesale Club/Supercenter
 
 
68
75
98
Retail
Other - Retail/Mall
Enclosed mall
5
58
64
99
Retail
Other - Retail/Mall
 
4
 
 
100
Technology/science
Data Center
 
6
 
 
101
Technology/science
Laboratory
 
 
237
249
102
Technology/science
Other - Technology/Science
Other service
 
66
69
103
Services
Personal Services (Health/Beauty, Dry Cleaning, etc.)
 
 
66
69
104
Services
Repair Services (Vehicle, Shoe, Locksmith, etc.)
Repair shop
 
36
39
105
Services
Repair Services (Vehicle, Shoe, Locksmith, etc.)
Vehicle service/repair shop
 
60
64
106
Services
Repair Services (Vehicle, Shoe, Locksmith, etc.)
Vehicle storage/maintenance
 
41
44
107
Services
Other - Services
 
 
66
69
108
Utility
Energy/Power Station
 
7
 
 
109
Utility
Other - Utility
 
7
 
 
110
Warehouse/storage
Self-Storage Facility
 
 
36
44
111
Warehouse/storage
Distribution Center
 
 
36
44
112
Warehouse/storage
Nonrefrigerated Warehouse
 
 
36
44
113
Warehouse/storage
Refrigerated Warehouse
 
 
121
126
Notes:
1. Select the most specific building activity type that applies.
 
2. ((For building type definitions see Energy Star portfolio manager definitions except as follows:))Building Activity Types are defined by AHJ in Table 7-4 and also include the following:
 
 
• Data center: Is an activity space designed and equipped to meet the needs of high density computing equipment, such as server racks, used for data storage and processing, including dedicated uninterruptible power supplies and cooling systems and require a constant power load of 75 kW or more. Gross floor area shall only include space within the building including raised floor computing space, server rack aisles, storage silos, control console areas, battery rooms and mechanical rooms for dedicated cooling equipment. Gross floor area shall not include a server closet, telecommunications equipment closet, computer training area, office, elevator, corridors, or other auxiliary space.
 
 
• Urgent care center/clinic/other outpatient office means the buildings used to diagnose and treat patients, usually on an unscheduled, walk-in basis, who have an injury or illness that requires immediate care but is not serious enough to warrant a visit to an emergency department. Includes facilities that provide same-day surgical, diagnostic and preventive care.
 
3. All medical offices considered to be diagnostic type.
 
4. Must use of Section 7.2.3 method for mixed use buildings.
 
5. Suggest considering use of Section 7.2.3 method for mixed use buildings.
 
6. This is a building or activity without an energy target. Included to provide definition only.
 
7. This is a building or activity without an energy target. This may be exempt from the standard, see Section Z4.1 2, d.
 
8. Laboratories as defined by the college/university building activity type where the primary activity is for teaching practical science shall use the college/university building activity type target. College/university buildings with research laboratory building activities where the primary activities are of scientific research, measurement, and experiments are performed, can utilize building activity type 101 Laboratory for an area weighted EUIt.
 
9. Building activity type target developed at the campus-level and these covered buildings may comply at a campus-level with the EUIt. "Campus-level" means a collection of all buildings with a single shared primary function that act as a single property.
Table 7-3 Building Operating Shifts Normalization Factor
 
Building Activity Type1,2
 
Weekly Hours1,2
No.
Portfolio Manager Types
Portfolio Manager Sub-Types
Sub-Types: Detailed
Notes
50 or less
51 to 167
168
1
Banking/financial services
Bank Branch
 
3
0.8
1.0
1.5
2
Banking/financial services
Financial Office
 
3
0.8
1.0
1.5
3
Education
Adult Education
 
4
0.9
1.1
1.9
4
Education
College/University
 
4
0.9
1.1
1.9
5
Education
K-12 School
Elementary/middle school
4
0.9
1.1
1.9
6
Education
K-12 School
High school
4
0.9
1.1
1.9
7
Education
Preschool/Daycare
 
4
0.9
1.1
1.9
8
Education
Vocational School
 
4
0.9
1.1
1.9
9
Education
Other - Education
 
4
0.9
1.1
1.9
10
Entertainment/public assembly
Aquarium
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
11
Entertainment/public assembly
Bar/Nightclub
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
12
Entertainment/public assembly
Bowling Alley
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
13
Entertainment/public assembly
Casino
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
14
Entertainment/public assembly
Convention Center
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
15
Entertainment/public assembly
Fitness Center/Health Club/Gym
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
16
Entertainment/public assembly
Ice/Curling Rink
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
17
Entertainment/public assembly
Indoor Arena
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
18
Entertainment/public assembly
Movie Theater
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
19
Entertainment/public assembly
Museum
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
20
Entertainment/public assembly
Performing Arts
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
21
Entertainment/public assembly
Race Track
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
22
Entertainment/public assembly
Roller Rink
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
23
Entertainment/public assembly
Social/Meeting Hall
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
24
Entertainment/public assembly
Stadium (Closed)
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
25
Entertainment/public assembly
Stadium (Open)
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
26
Entertainment/public assembly
Swimming Pool
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
27
Entertainment/public assembly
Zoo
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
28
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Entertainment/culture
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
29
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Library
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
30
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Other public assembly
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
31
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Recreation
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
32
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Social/meeting
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
33
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Recreation
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
34
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Stadium
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
35
Food sales and service
Bar/Nightclub
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.5
36
Food sales and service
Convenience Store with Gas Station
 
4
0.5
0.9
1.3
37
Food sales and service
Convenience Store without Gas Station
 
4
0.5
0.9
1.3
38
Food sales and service
Fast Food Restaurant
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.5
39
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Grocery/food market
4
0.5
0.9
1.3
40
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Convenience store with gas
4
0.5
0.9
1.3
41
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Convenience store
4
0.5
0.9
1.3
42
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Other food sales
4
0.5
0.9
1.3
43
Food sales and service
Food Service
Fast food
4
0.6
1.1
1.5
44
Food sales and service
Food Service
Restaurant/cafeteria
4
0.6
1.1
1.5
45
Food sales and service
Food Service
Other food service
4
0.6
1.1
1.5
46
Food sales and service
Restaurant
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.5
47
Food sales and service
Supermarket/Grocery Store
 
4
0.5
0.9
1.3
48
Food sales and service
Wholesale Club/Supercenter
 
4
0.6
1.0
1.5
49
Food sales and service
Other - Restaurant/Bar
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.5
50
Healthcare
Ambulatory Surgical Center
 
4,7
0.8
1.1
1.3
51
Healthcare
Hospital (General Medical & Surgical)*
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
52
Healthcare
Medical Office
 
4,7
((0.8
1.0
1.5))
53
Healthcare
Outpatient Rehabilitation/Physical Therapy
 
4,7
0.8
1.1
1.3
54
Healthcare
Residential Care Facility
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
55
Healthcare
Senior Care Community
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
56
Healthcare
Urgent Care/Clinic/Other Outpatient
 
4,7
0.8
1.1
1.3
57
Healthcare
Other - Specialty Hospital
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
58
Lodging/residential
Barracks
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
59
Lodging/residential
Hotel
Hotel
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
60
Lodging/residential
Hotel
Motel or inn
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
61
Lodging/residential
Multifamily Housing
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
62
Lodging/residential
Prison/Incarceration
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
63
Lodging/residential
Residence Hall/Dormitory
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
64
Lodging/residential
Residential Care Facility
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
65
Lodging/residential
Senior Care Community
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
66
Lodging/residential
Other - Lodging/Residential
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
67
Mixed use
Mixed Use Property
 
6
 
 
 
68
Office
Medical Office
 
4,7
0.8
1.1
1.3
69
Office
Office
Admin/professional office
3
0.8
1.0
1.5
70
Office
Office
Bank/other financial
3
0.8
1.0
1.5
71
Office
Office
Government office
3
0.8
1.0
1.5
72
Office
Office
Medical office (diagnostic)
4
0.8
1.1
1.3
73
Office
Office
Other office
3
0.8
1.0
1.5
74
Office
Veterinary Office
 
3
0.8
1.1
1.3
75
Office
Other - Office
 
3
0.8
1.0
1.5
76
Public services
Courthouse
 
4
0.8
0.8
1.1
77
Public services
Fire Station
 
3
0.8
0.8
1.1
78
Public services
Library
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
79
Public services
Mailing Center/Post Office
 
3
0.8
1.2
1.3
80
Public services
Police Station
 
3
0.8
0.8
1.1
81
Public services
Prison/Incarceration
 
 
1.0
1.0
1.0
82
Public services
Social/Meeting Hall
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
83
Public services
Transportation Terminal/Station
 
4
0.6
1.1
1.6
84
Public services
Other - Public Service
 
4
0.8
1.2
1.3
85
Religious worship
Worship Facility
 
5
0.9
1.7
1.7
86
Retail
Automobile Dealership
 
4
0.6
1.0
1.5
87
Retail
Convenience Store with Gas Station
 
4
0.5
0.9
1.3
88
Retail
Convenience Store without Gas Station
 
4
0.5
0.9
1.3
89
Retail
Enclosed Mall
 
4
0.6
1.0
1.5
90
Retail
Lifestyle Center
Enclosed mall
4
0.6
1.0
1.5
91
Retail
Lifestyle Center
Other retail
4
0.6
1.0
1.5
92
Retail
Lifestyle Center
Retail store
4
0.6
1.0
1.5
93
Retail
Lifestyle Center
 
 
 
 
 
94
Retail
Retail Store
 
4
0.6
1.0
1.5
95
Retail
Strip Mall
 
 
 
 
 
96
Retail
Supermarket/Grocery Store
 
4
0.5
0.9
1.3
97
Retail
Wholesale Club/Supercenter
 
4
0.6
1.0
1.5
98
Retail
Other - Retail/Mall
Enclosed mall
4
0.6
1.0
1.5
99
Retail
Other - Retail/Mall
 
 
 
 
 
100
Technology/science
Data Center
 
 
 
 
 
101
Technology/science
Laboratory
 
3
1.0
1.0
1.0
102
Technology/science
Other - Technology/Science
Other service
3
0.8
1.2
1.3
103
Services
Personal Services (Health/Beauty, Dry Cleaning, etc.)
 
4
0.8
1.2
1.3
104
Services
Repair Services (Vehicle, Shoe, Locksmith, etc.)
Repair shop
4
0.8
1.2
1.3
105
Services
Repair Services (Vehicle, Shoe, Locksmith, etc.)
Vehicle service/repair shop
4
0.8
1.2
1.3
106
Services
Repair Services (Vehicle, Shoe, Locksmith, etc.)
Vehicle storage/maintenance
4
0.8
1.2
1.3
107
Services
Other - Services
 
4
0.8
1.2
1.3
108
Utility
Energy/Power Station
 
 
 
 
 
109
Utility
Other - Utility
 
 
 
 
 
110
Warehouse/storage
Self-Storage Facility
 
4
0.8
1.0
1.4
111
Warehouse/storage
Distribution Center
 
3
0.8
1.0
1.4
112
Warehouse/storage
Nonrefrigerated Warehouse
 
3
0.8
1.0
1.4
113
Warehouse/storage
Refrigerated Warehouse
 
3,8
1.0
1.0
1.4
Notes:
1. Do not count the hours when the property is occupied only by maintenance, security, the cleaning crew, or other support personnel. Do not count the hours when the property is occupied only by maintenance staff.
 
2. Working hours are based on the average use over the 12-month period selected to document energy use in form C.
 
3. The weekly hours are the total number of hours per week where the majority of workers are present. If there are two or more shifts of workers, add the hours. When developing targets using Section 7.2.3 for mixed use buildings, use the hours each separate activity, the hours per week the majority of workers are present.
 
4. The weekly hours are the hours that be majority of the building is open to serve the public. When developing targets using Section 7.2.3 for mixed use buildings, the hours each separate activity is open to the public.
 
5. The weekly hours the facility is open for operation, which may include worship services, choir practice, administrative use, committee meetings, classes, or other activities.
 
6. Must use of Section 7.2.3 method for mixed use buildings.
 
7. Health care buildings may use other weekly hours if they are required to operate building systems additional hours to protect patient and staff safety. Provide documentation of the requirement in the energy management plan.
 
8. Refrigerated warehouse greater than 167 hours assumes the workers on shift are loading and/or unloading vehicles.
Table 7-4 Building Activity Type Definitions Table
 
Building Activity Type1,2
Notes
Clean Buildings Performance
Standard Definitions
 
Definitions are provided to define building activity types and the spaces within to include as gross floor area. Unless otherwise defined, gross floor area shall include all space within the building and not space outside the building, such as exterior/outside loading bays or docks, open air stairwells and breezeways and vehicle parking and parking garages. Definitions are not necessarily exclusive. For Tier 1 covered buildings, the qualified person, or for Tier 2 covered buildings, the qualified energy manager shall determine the gross floor area associated with each identified building activity type using industry standards guidance documents provided by the AHJ.
No.
Portfolio Manager Types
Portfolio Manager
Sub-Types
Sub-Types: Detailed
 
 
1
Banking/financial services
Bank Branch
 
 
Bank branch refers to a commercial banking outlet that offers banking services to walk-in customers.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including banking areas, vaults, lobbies, atriums, kitchens used by staff, restrooms, conference rooms, storage areas, stairways, and elevator shafts.
2
Banking/financial services
Financial Office
 
 
Financial office refers to buildings used for financial services such as bank headquarters and securities and brokerage firms.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including offices, trading floors, conference rooms and auditoriums, vaults, restrooms, kitchens used by staff, lobbies, atriums, fitness areas for staff, storage areas, stairways, and elevator shafts.
3
Education
Adult Education
 
 
Adult education refers to buildings used primarily for providing adult students with continuing education, workforce development, or professional development outside of the college or university setting.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including classrooms, administrative space, conference rooms, kitchens used by staff, lobbies, cafeterias, auditoriums, restrooms, stairways, atriums, elevator shafts, and storage areas.
4
Education
College/University
 
8, 9
College/university refers to buildings used for the purpose of higher education. This includes public and private colleges and universities.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including classrooms, libraries, laboratory classrooms, offices, cafeterias, maintenance facilities, arts facilities, athletic facilities, residential areas, storage rooms, restrooms, elevator shafts, and stairways.
5
Education
K-12 School
Elementary/middle school
9
K-12 school refers to buildings or campuses used as a school for kindergarten through 12th grade students. This does not include college or university classroom facilities/laboratories, vocational, technical, trade, adult, or continuing education schools, preschools, or day care facilities. If the school serves any of the above student populations (e.g., an elementary school that includes prekindergarten), at least 75 percent of the students must be in grades kindergarten through 12.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including classrooms, libraries, administrative space, conference rooms, restrooms, kitchens used by staff, lobbies, cafeterias, gymnasiums, auditoriums, laboratory classrooms, portable classrooms, greenhouses, stairways, atriums, elevator shafts, small landscaping sheds, and storage areas.
6
Education
K-12 School
High School
9
7
Education
Preschool/Daycare
 
 
Preschool/daycare applies to buildings used for educational programs or daytime supervision/recreation for young children before they attend kindergarten.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including classrooms, libraries, administrative space, conference rooms, restrooms, kitchens used by staff, lobbies, cafeterias, gymnasiums, auditoriums, stairways, elevator shafts, and storage areas.
8
Education
Vocational School
 
 
Vocational school refers to buildings primarily designed to teach skilled trades to students, including trade and technical schools. Typically, vocational schools are commonly post-secondary education, consisting of 1-2 years of technical/trade training.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including classrooms, libraries, administrative space, conference rooms, restrooms, kitchens used by staff, lobbies, cafeterias, gymnasiums, auditoriums, laboratory classrooms, stairways, elevator shafts, and storage areas.
9
Education
Other - Education
 
 
Other – Education refers to buildings used for religious, community, or other educational purposes that do not meet the definition of any other building activity type defined in Table 7-4 (i.e., educational purposes other than adult education, college/university, K-12 school, preschool/daycare and vocational schools).
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including classrooms, libraries, administrative space, conference rooms, restrooms, kitchens used by staff, lobbies, cafeterias, auditoriums, laboratory classrooms, stairways, elevator shafts, and storage areas.
10
Entertainment/public assembly
Aquarium
 
 
Aquarium refers to buildings used to provide aquatic habitat primarily to live animals and which may include public or private viewing areas and educational programs.
Gross floor area should include public and restricted areas such as visitor walkways, tank space, retail areas, restaurants, restrooms, laboratories, classrooms, administrative/office space, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
11
Entertainment/public assembly
Bar/Nightclub
 
 
Bar/nightclub refers to buildings used primarily for social/entertainment purposes and is characterized by most of the revenue being generated from the sale of beverages instead of food.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including standing/seating areas, stage/dressing room areas, food/drink preparation or kitchen areas, retail areas, restrooms, administrative/office space, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
Properties whose primary business revenue is generated from the sale of food should be entered using one of the restaurant building activity types, even if there is a bar.
12
Entertainment/public assembly
Bowling Alley
 
 
Bowling alley refers to buildings used for public or private, recreational or professional bowling.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including bowling lanes, concession areas, restrooms, party rooms, retail areas, administrative/office space, employee break rooms, storage areas, and mechanical rooms.
13
Entertainment/public assembly
Casino
 
 
Casino refers to buildings primarily used to conduct gambling activities including both electronic and live table games.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including the main casino floor/gaming area, restaurants/bars, retail areas, administrative/office space, restrooms, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells. If your casino is in the same building as a hotel, enter a separate hotel building activity type.
14
Entertainment/public assembly
Convention Center
 
 
Convention center refers to buildings used primarily for large conferences, exhibitions, and similar events. Convention centers may include a diverse variety of spaces, including large exhibition halls, meeting rooms, and concession stands.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including exhibit halls, preparation and staging areas, meeting rooms, concession stands, offices, restrooms, break rooms, security areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
Conference facilities located within a hotel should be included along with your hotel building activity type details, rather than added as a separate convention center building activity type. Conference facilities primarily serving smaller meetings should be entered as social/meeting hall.
15
Entertainment/public assembly
Fitness Center/Health Club/Gym
 
 
Fitness center/health club/gym refers to buildings used for recreational or professional athletic training and related activities.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including weight and cardio equipment areas, personal training areas, courts, locker rooms, restrooms, sauna and spa areas, retail areas, administrative/office space, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
16
Entertainment/public assembly
Ice/Curling Rink
 
 
Ice/curling rink refers to buildings that include one or more ice sheets used for public or private, recreational or professional skating, hockey, or ringette.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including ice area, spectator areas, concession stands, retail areas, locker rooms, restrooms, administrative/office areas, employee break rooms, mechanical rooms, and storage areas. Larger facilities primarily serving professional or collegiate functions and with significant spectator seating (above 5,000 seats) should be entered as indoor arena.
17
Entertainment/public assembly
Indoor Arena
 
 
Indoor arena refers to enclosed structures used for professional or collegiate sports and entertainment events. Examples of events held in indoor arenas include basketball and hockey games, circus performances, and concerts. Indoor arenas usually have capacities of 5,000 seats or more and are often characterized by multiple concourses and concession areas.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including court/rink space, all concourse space on which workers or guests can walk, concession areas, retail stores, restaurants, administrative/office areas, restrooms, employee break rooms, kitchens, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
18
Entertainment/public assembly
Movie Theater
 
 
Movie theater refers to buildings used for public or private film screenings.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including seating areas, lobbies, concession stands, restrooms, administrative/office space, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
19
Entertainment/public assembly
Museum
 
 
Museum refers to buildings that display collections to outside visitors for public viewing and enjoyment and for informational/educational purposes.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including public collection display areas, meeting rooms, classrooms, gift shops, food service areas, restrooms, administrative/office space, mechanical rooms, storage areas for collections, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
20
Entertainment/public assembly
Performing Arts
 
 
Performing arts refers to buildings used for public or private artistic or musical performances.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including seating, stage and backstage areas, food service areas, restrooms, retail areas, rehearsal studios, administrative/office space, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
21
Entertainment/public assembly
Race Track
 
 
Race track refers to buildings used primarily to hold racing events such as vehicle races, track/field races, horse races, and/or dog-races.
Gross floor area should include all spectator viewing areas, concourse space on which workers or guests can walk, concession areas, retail stores, restaurants, restrooms, administrative/office areas, employee break rooms, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
The footprint of the race track itself should also be included in the gross floor area, along with the footprint of any staging areas.
22
Entertainment/public assembly
Roller Rink
 
 
Roller rink refers to buildings used primarily for roller-skating, inline skating/rollerblading, or skateboarding.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including the rink space, concession areas, restrooms, locker rooms, retail areas, administrative/office areas, employee break rooms, mechanical rooms, and storage areas.
23
Entertainment/public assembly
Social/Meeting Hall
 
 
Social/meeting hall refers to buildings primarily used for public or private gatherings. This may include community group meetings, seminars, workshops, or performances. Please note that there is another building activity type available, convention center, for large exhibition and conference facilities.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including meeting rooms, auditoriums, food service areas, restrooms, lobbies, administrative/office space, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
24
Entertainment/public assembly
Stadium (Closed)
 
 
Stadium (closed) refers to structures with a permanent or retractable roof which are used primarily for professional or collegiate sports and entertainment events. Examples of events held in closed stadiums include baseball and football games, and concerts. Closed stadiums usually have capacities of 25,000 seats or more and are often characterized by multiple concourses and concession areas.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including concourse space on which workers or guests can walk, concession areas, retail stores, restaurants, administrative/office areas, restrooms, employee break rooms, kitchens, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
The footprint of the playing field should also be included in the gross floor area.
25
Entertainment/public assembly
Stadium (Open)
 
 
Stadium (open) refers to structures used primarily for professional or collegiate sports and entertainment events in which the playing field is not covered and is exposed to the outside. Examples of events held in open stadiums include baseball, football, and soccer games, and concerts. Open stadiums usually have capacities of 5,000 seats or more and are often characterized by multiple concourses and concession areas.
Gross floor area should include all space including concourse space on which workers or guests can walk, concession areas, retail stores, restaurants, administrative/office areas, restrooms, employee break rooms, kitchens, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
The footprint of the playing field should also be included in the gross floor area.
26
Entertainment/public assembly
Swimming Pool
 
 
Swimming pool refers to any heated swimming pools located inside a building.
27
Entertainment/public assembly
Zoo
 
 
Zoo refers to buildings used primarily to provide habitat to live animals and which may include public or private viewing and educational programs.
Gross floor area should include all space within all fully enclosed buildings, including habitats, visitor viewing areas, theaters, classrooms, food service areas, restrooms, retail stores, veterinary offices, exhibit space, administrative/office space, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
28
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Entertainment/culture
 
Entertainment/culture refers to buildings providing entertainment and/or cultural services that do not meet the definition of any other building activity type defined in Table 7-4.
29
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Library
 
Library refers to buildings used to store and manage collections of literary and artistic materials such as books, periodicals, newspapers, films, etc. that can be used for reference or lending.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including circulation rooms, storage areas, reading/study rooms, administrative space, kitchens used by staff, lobbies, conference rooms and auditoriums, fitness areas for staff, restrooms, storage areas, stairways, and elevator shafts.
30
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/Public Assembly
Other public assembly
 
Other public assembly refers to buildings primarily used for entertainment or public gatherings that do not meet the definition of any other building activity type defined in Table 7-4.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including entertainment areas, administrative areas, and supporting areas such as storage rooms, hallways, restrooms, stairways, and maintenance areas.
31
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/ Public Assembly
Recreation
 
Recreation refers to buildings primarily used for recreation that do not meet the definition of any other building activity type defined in Table 7-4.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including recreational areas, restrooms, and supporting activities such as mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
32
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Entertainment/ Public Assembly
Social/meeting
 
Social/meeting hall refers to buildings primarily used for public or private gatherings. This may include community group meetings, seminars, workshops, or performances. Please note that there is another building activity type available, convention center, for large exhibition and conference facilities.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including meeting rooms, auditoriums, food service areas, restrooms, lobbies, administrative/office space, mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
33
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Recreation
 
 
Other - Recreation refers to buildings primarily used for recreation that do not meet the definition of any other building activity type defined in Table 7-4.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including recreational areas, restrooms, and supporting activities such as mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
34
Entertainment/public assembly
Other - Stadium
 
 
Other - Stadium refers to buildings primarily used for sporting events that do not meet the definition of any other building activity type defined in Table 7-4.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including areas for athletic activity and spectator seating, restrooms, and supporting activities such as mechanical rooms, storage areas, elevator shafts, and stairwells.
35
Food sales and service
Bar/Nightclub
 
 
Bar/nightclub refers to buildings used primarily for preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food and beverages, but with secondary purposes characterized by revenue generated from social/entertainment services and associated sale of beverages instead of food. Examples include restaurants with lounges and nightclubs featuring entertainment together or separate from dining.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including kitchens, sales areas, dining areas, offices, restrooms, staff break rooms, and storage areas.
36
Food sales and service
Convenience Store with Gas Station
 
 
Convenience store with gas station refers to buildings that are colocated with gas stations and are used for the sale of a limited range of items such as groceries, toiletries, newspapers, soft drinks, tobacco products, and other everyday items. Convenience store with gas station may include space for vehicle servicing and repair.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including sales floors, offices, restrooms, staff break rooms, storage areas, and vehicle repair areas.
37
Food sales and service
Convenience Store without Gas Station
 
 
Convenience store without gas station refers to buildings used for the sale of a limited range of items such as groceries, toiletries, newspapers, soft drinks, tobacco products, and other everyday items, which are not colocated with a gas station.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including sales floors, offices, restrooms, staff break rooms, and storage areas.
38
Food sales and service
Fast Food Restaurant
 
 
Fast food restaurant, also known as quick service restaurant, refers to buildings used for the preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food. Fast food restaurants are characterized by a limited menu of food prepared quickly (often within a few minutes), and sometimes cooked in bulk in advance and kept hot.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including kitchens, sales areas, dining areas, offices, restrooms, staff break rooms, and storage areas.
39
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Supermarket/Grocery Store/Food Market
 
Supermarket/grocery store/food market refers to buildings used for the retail sale of primarily food and beverage products, and which may include small amounts of preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food. Buildings where the primary business is the on-site preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food should use one of the restaurant building activity types.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including the sales floor, offices, storage areas, kitchens, restrooms, staff break rooms, and stairwells.
40
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Convenience store with gas
 
Convenience store with gas station refers to buildings that are colocated with gas stations and are used for the sale of a limited range of items such as groceries, toiletries, newspapers, soft drinks, tobacco products, and other everyday items. Convenience store with gas station may include space for vehicle servicing and repair.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including sales floors, offices, restrooms, staff break rooms, storage areas, and vehicle repair areas.
41
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Convenience store
 
Convenience store without gas station refers to buildings used for the sale of a limited range of items such as groceries, toiletries, newspapers, soft drinks, tobacco products, and other everyday items, which are not colocated with a gas station.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including sales floors, offices, restrooms, staff break rooms, and storage areas.
42
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Other food sales
 
Other food sales refers to buildings used for the sales of food on either a retail or wholesale basis, but which do not meet the definition of supermarket/grocery store/food market, convenience store, or convenience store with gas stations. For example, specialty food sales like a cheese shop or butcher.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including sales areas, storage areas, offices, kitchens, restrooms, and staff break rooms.
43
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Fast Food
 
Fast food restaurant, also known as quick service restaurant, refers to buildings used for the preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food. Fast food restaurants are characterized by a limited menu of food prepared quickly (often within a few minutes), and sometimes cooked in bulk in advance and kept hot.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including kitchens, sales areas, dining areas, offices, restrooms, staff break rooms, and storage areas.
44
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Restaurant/cafeteria
 
Restaurant/cafeteria refers to buildings used for preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food and beverages, but which do not fit in the fast food building activity type. Examples include fast casual, casual, and fine dining restaurants.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including kitchens, sales areas, dining areas, offices, restrooms, staff break rooms, and storage areas.
45
Food sales and service
Food Sales
Other food service
 
Other food service refers to buildings used for preparation and sale of food and beverages, but which do not meet the definition of restaurant or bar/nightclub. For example, a bakery or coffee shop.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including kitchens, sales areas, dining areas, offices, restrooms, staff break rooms, and storage areas.
46
Food sales and service
Restaurant
 
 
Restaurant refers to buildings used for preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food and beverages, but which do not fit in the fast food building activity type. Examples include fast casual, casual, and fine dining restaurants.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including kitchens, sales areas, dining areas, offices, restrooms, staff break rooms, and storage areas.
47
Food sales and service
Supermarket/Grocery Store
 
 
Supermarket/grocery store refers to buildings used for the retail sale of primarily food and beverage products, and which may include small amounts of preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food. Buildings where the primary business is the on-site preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food should use one of the restaurant building activity types.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including the sales floor, offices, storage areas, kitchens, restrooms, staff break rooms, and stairwells.
48
Food sales and service
Wholesale Club/Supercenter
 
 
Wholesale club/supercenter refers to buildings used to conduct the retail sale of a wide variety of merchandise, typically in bulk quantities. Merchandise may include food, clothing, office supplies, furniture, electronics, books, sporting goods, toys, and hardware.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including the sales floor, offices, storage areas, kitchens, restrooms, staff break rooms, elevators, and stairwells.
49
Food sales and service
Other - Restaurant/Bar
 
 
Other - Restaurant/bar refers to buildings used for preparation and sale of ready-to-eat food and beverages, but which does not fit into the fast food restaurant, restaurant, or bar/nightclub building activity types.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including kitchens, sales areas, dining areas, restrooms, staff break rooms, and storage areas.
50
Health care
Ambulatory Surgical Center
 
 
Ambulatory surgical centers refers to health care facilities that provide same-day surgical care, including diagnostic and preventive procedures.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including offices, operating and recovery rooms, waiting rooms, restrooms, employee break rooms and kitchens, elevator shafts, stairways, mechanical rooms, and storage areas.
51
Health care
Hospital (General Medical & Surgical)
 
9
Hospital refers to a general medical and surgical hospital (including critical access hospitals and children's hospitals). These facilities provide acute care services intended to treat patients for short periods of time, including emergency medical care, physician's office services, diagnostic care, ambulatory care, surgical care, and limited specialty services such as rehabilitation and cancer care. The definition of hospital accounts for all space types owned by the hospital that are located within the hospital building/complex, including nonclinical spaces such as administrative offices, food service, retail, hotels, and power plant.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building on the campus including operating rooms, bedrooms, emergency treatment areas, and medical offices, exam rooms, laboratories, lobbies, atriums, cafeterias, restrooms, stairways, corridors connecting buildings, storage areas, and elevator shafts.
52
Health care
Medical Office
 
3
All medical offices considered to be diagnostic type.
53
Health care
Outpatient Rehabilitation/Physical Therapy
 
 
Outpatient rehabilitation/physical therapy offices refers to buildings used to provide diagnosis and treatment for rehabilitation and physical therapy.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including offices, exam rooms, waiting rooms, indoor pool areas, atriums, employee break rooms and kitchens, restrooms, elevator shafts, stairways, mechanical rooms, and storage areas.
54
Health care
Residential Care Facility
 
 
Residential care facilities refers to buildings that provide rehabilitative and restorative care to patients on a long-term or permanent basis. Residential care facilities treat mental health issues, substance abuse, and rehabilitation for injury, illness, and disabilities. This building activity type is intended for facilities that offer long-term residential care to residents of all ages who may need assistance with activities of daily living. If a facility is designed to provide nursing and assistance to seniors only, then the senior care community building activity type should be used.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including individual rooms or units, wellness centers, exam rooms, community rooms, small shops or service areas for residents and visitors (e.g., hair salons, convenience stores), staff offices, lobbies, atriums, cafeterias, kitchens, restrooms, storage areas, hallways, basements, stairways, corridors between buildings, and elevator shafts.
55
Health care
Senior Care Community
 
 
Senior care community refers to buildings that house and provide care and assistance for elderly residents.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including individual rooms or units, wellness centers, exam rooms, community rooms, small shops or service areas for residents and visitors (e.g., hair salons, convenience stores), staff offices, lobbies, atriums, cafeterias, kitchens, restrooms, storage areas, hallways, basements, stairways, corridors between buildings, and elevator shafts.
56
Health care
Urgent Care/Clinic/Other Outpatient
 
 
Urgent care center/clinic/other outpatient office refers to buildings used to diagnose and treat patients, usually on an unscheduled, walk-in basis, who have an injury or illness that requires immediate care but is not serious enough to warrant a visit to an emergency department. Includes facilities that provide same-day surgical, diagnostic and preventive care.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including offices, exam rooms, waiting rooms, atriums, employee break rooms and kitchens, restrooms, elevator shafts, stairways, mechanical rooms, and storage areas.
57
Health care
Other - Specialty Hospital
 
 
Other/specialty hospitals refers to long-term acute care hospitals, inpatient rehabilitation facilities, including cancer centers and psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals/facilities.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building/complex, including medical offices, patient rooms, laboratories, lobbies, atriums, cafeterias, restrooms, stairways, corridors connecting buildings, storage areas, and elevator shafts.
58
Lodging/residential
Barracks
 
 
Barracks refers to residential buildings associated with military facilities or educational institutions, which offer multiple accommodations for long-term residents.
Gross floor area should include all space within the building, including bedrooms, common areas, food service facilities, restrooms, laundry facilities, meeting spaces, exercise rooms, health club/spas, lobbies, elevator shafts, storage areas, and stairways.
59
Lodging/residential
Hotel
Hotel
 
Hotel refers to buildings renting overnight accommodations on a room/suite and nightly basis, and typically include a bath/shower and other facilities in guest rooms. Hotel properties typically have daily services available to guests including housekeeping/laundry and a front desk/concierge. Hotel does not apply to properties where more than 50 percent of the floor area is occupied by fractional ownership units such as condominiums or vacation timeshares, or to private residences that are rented out on a daily or weekly basis. Hotel properties should be majority-owned by a single entity and have rooms available on a nightly basis. Condominiums or time shares should select the multifamily housing building activity type.
Gross floor area should include all interior space within the building, including guestrooms, halls, lobbies, atriums, food preparation and restaurant space, conference and banquet space, fitness centers/spas, laundry facilities, elevator shafts, stairways, mechanical rooms, storage areas, restrooms, employee break rooms, and back-of-house offices.
60
Lodging/residential
Hotel
Motel or inn
 
Motel is a hotel like lodging where most rooms are entered from the exterior.
Gross floor area should include all interior space within the building, including guestrooms, halls, lobbies, atriums, food preparation and restaurant space, conference and banquet space, fitness centers/spas, laundry facilities, elevator shafts, stairways, mechanical rooms, storage areas, restrooms, employee break rooms, and back-of-house offices.
61
Lodging/residential