WSR 97-21-039

EXPEDITED ADOPTION

DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY

[Order 97-38--Filed October 10, 1997, 4:20 p.m.]

Title of Rule: WAC 173-460-060(1) Perchloroethylene dry cleaners.

Purpose: To remove duplicative and outdated requirements.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: Chapter 70.94 RCW.

Statute Being Implemented: Chapter 70.94 RCW.

Summary: This subsection should have been amended when newer requirements to limit emissions of perchloroethylene from existing and new dry cleaning systems were adopted. By removing the language in this subsection, we reduce confusion, because only the newer requirements in WAC 173-400-075(6) apply state-wide.

Name of Agency Personnel Responsible for Drafting: Elena Guilfoil, Olympia, (360) 407-6855; Implementation and Enforcement: Bernard Brady, Olympia, (360) 407-6803.

Name of Proponent: Department of Ecology, governmental.

Rule is not necessitated by federal law, federal or state court decision.

Explanation of Rule, its Purpose, and Anticipated Effects: This subsection should have been removed when newer standards for dry cleaners were adopted earlier this year. By removing this subsection, we reduce confusion for both business and regulators since only one set of requirements apply state-wide. Since most dry cleaners are small businesses, the newer requirements were located in the general air quality rules found in chapter 173-400 WAC.

Proposal Changes the Following Existing Rules: See Explanation of Rule above.

NOTICE

THIS RULE IS BEING PROPOSED TO BE ADOPTED USING AN EXPEDITED RULE-MAKING PROCESS THAT WILL ELIMINATE THE NEED FOR THE AGENCY TO HOLD PUBLIC HEARINGS, PREPARE A SMALL BUSINESS ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT, OR PROVIDE RESPONSES TO THE CRITERIA FOR A SIGNIFICANT LEGISLATIVE RULE. IF YOU OBJECT TO THIS RULE BEING ADOPTED USING THE EXPEDITED RULE-MAKING PROCESS, YOU MUST EXPRESS YOUR OBJECTIONS IN WRITING AND THEY MUST BE SENT TO Jerry Thielen, Department of Ecology, P.O. Box 47600, Olympia, WA 98504-7600, AND RECEIVED BY December 20, 1997.

October 10, 1997

Dan Silver

Deputy Director

AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending Order 93-19, filed 1/14/94, effective 2/14/94)

WAC 173-460-060 Control technology requirements. Except as provided for in WAC 173-460-040, a person shall not establish, operate, or cause to be established or operated any new toxic air pollutant source which is likely to increase TAP emissions without installing and operating T-BACT. Satisfaction of the performance requirements listed below fulfill the T-BACT requirement for those particular sources. Local air pollution authorities may develop and require performance requirements in lieu of T-BACT provided that ecology approves the performance requirements as equivalent to T-BACT.

(1) ((Perchloroethylene dry cleaners. The entire dryer exhaust shall be vented through a control device which will reduce VOC emissions to 5 kg or less per 100 kg dry weight of cleaned articles.

(a) The control device shall meet one of the following conditions:

(i) The exhaust from a carbon adsorber shall contain less than 100 ppm perchloroethylene as measured over a period of one minute before dilution; or

(ii) The air temperature at the outlet of a refrigerated condenser shall reach seven degrees centigrade or less during the cool-down period. A temperature gauge with a minimum range from negative thirty-two to seventy-five degrees centigrade shall be installed and maintained on the condenser outlet duct; or

(iii) The demonstrated control efficiency for any other control device shall be ninety percent or greater by weight, prior to the discharge to the atmosphere measured over a complete control cycle.

(b) The operation of any perchloroethylene dry cleaner shall meet all of the following conditions:

(i) All leaking components shall be repaired immediately; and

(ii) All filtration cartridges shall be drained in the filter housing or other enclosed container before discarding the cartridges.

(2))) Petroleum solvent dry cleaning systems. A petroleum solvent dry cleaning system shall include the following:

(a) All cleaned articles are dried in a solvent recovery dryer or the entire dryer exhaust is vented through a properly functioning control device which will reduce emissions to no more than 3.5 kg of VOC per 100 kg dry weight of cleaned articles; and

(b) All cartridge filtration systems are drained in their sealed housing or other enclosed container before discarding the cartridges; and

(c) All leaking components shall be repaired immediately.

(((3))) (2) Chromic acid plating and anodizing. The facility-wide uncontrolled hexavalent chromium emissions from plating or anodizing tanks shall be reduced by at least ninety-five percent using either of the following control techniques:

(a) An antimist additive or other equally effective control method approved by ecology or authority; or

(b) The tank is equipped with:

(i) A capture system which represents good engineering practice and which shall be in place and in operation at all times electrical current is applied to the tank; and

(ii) An emission control system which limits hexavalent chromium emissions to no more than 0.15 milligrams per ampere-hour of electrical charge applied to the tank or uncontrolled emissions shall be reduced by ninety-five percent.

(((4))) (3) Chromic acid plating and anodizing (greater than 1 kilogram). If the facility-wide hexavalent chromium emissions from chromic acid plating and anodizing are greater than 1 kilogram per year after the application of control techniques required by subsection (((3))) (2) of this section, the facility-wide hexavalent chromium emissions shall be reduced by at least ninety-nine percent using either of the following control techniques:

(a) An antimist additive or other equally effective control method approved by ecology or authority; or

(b) The tank is equipped with:

(i) A capture system which represents good engineering practice and which shall be in place and in operation at all times electrical current is applied to the tank; and

(ii) An emissions control system which limits hexavalent chromium emissions to no more than 0.03 milligrams per ampere-hour of electrical charge applied to the tank or uncontrolled emissions shall be reduced by ninety-nine percent.

(((5))) (4) Solvent metal cleaners.

(a) Any solvent metal cleaner shall include all of the following equipment:

(i) A cover for the solvent tank which shall be closed at all times except when processing work in the degreaser. However, the cover shall be closed to the maximum extent possible when parts are being degreased;

(ii) A facility for draining cleaned parts such that the drained solvent is returned to the solvent tank;

(iii) For cold solvent cleaners, a freeboard ratio greater than or equal to 0.75;

(iv) Vapor degreasers shall have:

(A) A high vapor cutoff thermostat with manual reset; and

(B) For degreasers with spray devices, a vapor-up thermostat which will allow spray operation only after the vapor zone has risen to the design level; and

(C) Either a freeboard ratio greater than or equal to 1.00 or a refrigerated freeboard chiller; and

(v) Conveyorized vapor degreasers shall have:

(A) A drying tunnel or a rotating basket sufficient to prevent cleaned parts from carrying liquid solvent out of the degreaser; and

(B) A high vapor cutoff thermostat with manual reset; and

(C) A vapor-up thermostat which will allow conveyor movement only after the vapor zone has risen to the design vapor level.

(b) The operation of any solvent metal cleaner shall meet the following requirements:

(i) Solvent shall not leak from any portion of the degreasing equipment;

(ii) Solvent, including waste solvent, shall be stored in closed containers and shall be disposed of in such a manner as to prevent its evaporation into the atmosphere;

(iii) For cold cleaners, cleaned parts shall be drained until dripping ceases; and

(iv) Degreasers shall be constructed to allow liquid solvent from cleaned parts to drain into a trough or equivalent device and return to the solvent tank.

(c) For open-top vapor degreasers, solvent drag-out shall be minimized by the following measures:

(i) Racked parts shall be allowed to drain fully;

(ii) The work load shall be degreased in the vapor zone until condensation ceases;

(iii) Spraying operations shall be done within the vapor layer;

(iv) When using a powered hoist, the vertical speed of parts in and out of the vapor zone shall be less than three meters per minute (ten feet per minute);

(v) When the cover is open, the lip of the degreaser shall not be exposed to steady drafts greater than 15.3 meters per minute (fifty feet per minute); and

(vi) When equipped with a lip exhaust, the fan shall be turned off when the cover is closed.

(d) For conveyorized vapor degreasers, solvent drag-out shall be minimized by the following measures:

(i) Racked parts shall be allowed to drain fully; and

(ii) Vertical conveyor speed shall be maintained at less than three meters per minute (ten feet per minute).

(((6))) (5) Abrasive blasting.

(a) Abrasive blasting shall be performed inside a booth or hangar designed to capture the blast grit or overspray.

(b) Outdoor blasting of structures or items too large to be reasonably handled indoors shall employ control measures such as curtailment during windy periods and enclosure of the area being blasted with tarps.

(c) Outdoor blasting shall be performed with either steel shot or an abrasive containing less than one percent (by mass) which would pass through a No. 200 sieve.

(d) All abrasive blasting with sand shall be performed inside a blasting booth or cabinet.

[Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.94 RCW. 94-03-072 (Order 93-19), 173-460-060, filed 1/14/94, effective 2/14/94. Statutory Authority: RCW 70.94.331. 91-13-079 (Order 90-62), 173-460-060, filed 6/18/91, effective 9/18/91.]

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