SOCIAL AND HEALTH SERVICES
(Aging and Adult Services Administration)
[Filed October 20, 1997, 2:14 p.m.]
Date of Adoption: October 20, 1997.
Purpose: The definitions of abuse, neglect, abandonment, and exploitation; and the definition of frail elder and vulnerable adult in chapter 74.34 RCW changed as the result of the 1995 legislative session in E2SHB 1908. The changes in the current WAC will enable adult protective services (APS) to use the appropriate criteria for determining the need for protective services for this population of people.
Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Amending WAC 388-15-120.
Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 74.08.090.
Other Authority: Chapters 74.34 and 26.44 RCW, 42 U.S.C. 1397 and 3058.
Adopted under notice filed as WSR 97-11-083 on May 21, 1997.
Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: Amended the definition for frail elder and vulnerable adult, abandonment, abuse, and neglect. Section titles were changed for clarification.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, amended 1, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's own Initiative: New 0, amended 1, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, amended 1, repealed 0.
Number of Sections Adopted using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, amended 0, repealed 0.
Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.
October 20, 1997
Merry A. Kogut, Manager
Rules and Policies Assistance Unit
AMENDATORY SECTION (Amending Order 3116, filed 12/18/90, effective
WAC 388-15-120 Adult protective services. (1) Authority. The authority for adult protective services is:
(a) 42 U.S.C. 1397 for adults in need of protection;
(b) 42 U.S.C. 3058, for programs for prevention of elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation;
(c) Chapter 74.34 RCW for frail elders and vulnerable adults;
(d) Chapter 26.44 RCW for adult dependent and developmentally
(c) 42 U.S.C. 1397 for other adults in need of protection)) persons.
(2) Goals. The department shall:
(a) Limit adult protective services goals to those specified under WAC 388-15-010 (1)(c), (d), and (e) and 388-15-010(2); and
(b) Help prevent, correct, improve, or remedy situations of abuse, abandonment, exploitation, or neglect by providing adult protective services to eligible clients as defined under chapter 26.44 RCW and RCW 74.34.020.
Description of services. To prevent, correct, improve, or
remedy situations of abuse, abandonment, exploitation, or neglect, the
department shall provide adult protective services to:
(a) Dependent adults eighteen years of age or older;
(b) Developmentally disabled adults eighteen years of age or older;
(c) Vulnerable adults sixty years of age or older; or
(d) Other adults similarly unable to protect interests vital to
their safety and well-being)) Definitions. The department shall use the
following definitions when intervening to protect frail elderly and
(a) "Abandonment" means action or inaction by a person or entity with a duty of care for a frail elder or vulnerable adult that leaves the vulnerable person without the means or ability to obtain necessary food, clothing, shelter, or health care (RCW 74.34.020);
(b) "Abuse" means a nonaccidental act of physical or mental mistreatment or injury, or sexual mistreatment, which harms a person through action or inaction by another individual (RCW 74.34.020);
(c) "Adult protective services evaluation" is the term used to describe the action taken to determine if further investigation is necessary when a report of self-neglect is received;
(d) "Basic necessities of life" means food, water, shelter, clothing, and medically necessary health care, including but not limited to health-related treatment or activities, hygiene, oxygen, and medication;
(e) "Consent" means express written consent granted after the person has been fully informed of the nature of the services to be offered and that the receipt of services is voluntary (RCW 74.34.020);
(f) "Exploitation" means the illegal or improper use of a frail elder or vulnerable adult or that person's income or resources, including trust funds, for another person's profit or advantage (RCW 74.34.020);
(g) "Frail elder or vulnerable adult" shall have the same meaning as the definition in RCW 74.34.020. Frail elder and vulnerable adults include a person:
(i) Sixty years of age and older who has the functional, mental, and physical inability to care for himself or herself;
(ii) Found incapacitated under chapter 11.88 RCW;
(iii) Who has a developmental disability under chapter 71.A.10 RCW;
(iv) Admitted to any long-term care facility that is licensed or required to be licensed under chapter 18.20, 18.51, 72.36, or 70.128 RCW; or
(v) Receiving services from home health, hospice, or home care agencies licensed or required to be licensed under chapter 7.127 RCW;
(h) "Neglect" means a pattern of conduct or inaction by a person or entity with a duty of care for a frail elder or vulnerable adult that results in the deprivation of care necessary to maintain the vulnerable person's physical or mental health (RCW 74.34.020); this may include "self-neglect" which means the failure to provide for oneself the goods or services necessary to avoid physical harm, emotional harm, or medical harm. This definition excludes a person who is competent to make a voluntary decision to live his or her life in a manner which may threaten his or her safety or well-being;
(i) "Mental mistreatment" means any nonaccidental act of mental or emotional pain or distress or both through action or inaction by another individual. Examples include, but are not limited to intimidation, coercion, ridiculing, harassment, treating an adult like a child, isolating an adult from family, friends, or regular activity, use of silence to control behavior, and yelling and swearing which result in mental distress;
(j) "Person or entity with a duty of care" includes, but is not limited to, the following:
(i) A guardian appointed under chapter 11.88 RCW; or
(ii) A person or entity providing the basic necessities of life to frail elder or vulnerable adults where:
(A) The person or entity is employed by or on behalf of the frail elder or vulnerable adult; or
(B) The person or entity voluntarily agrees to provide, or has been providing, the basic necessities of life to the frail elder or vulnerable adult on a continuing basis;
(k) "Physical abuse" means any nonaccidental infliction of bodily injury or physical mistreatment. Examples include, but are not limited to striking (with or without an object), slapping, pinching, choking, kicking, shoving, or inappropriate use of drugs or physical restraints;
(l) "Sexual mistreatment" means any form of nonconsensual sexual contact. Sexual mistreatment includes, but is not limited to unwanted touching, rape, sodomy, coerced nudity, sexual explicit photographing.
(4) Eligibility. ((
Before a person receives adult protective
services from the department, a person)) Prior to investigating or
(a) The department shall determine when an adult protective service situation exists.
(b) The department shall conduct investigations without regard to the income of the frail elder or vulnerable adult.
(c) The client shall be the frail elder or vulnerable adult as defined in subsection (3) of this section.
(d) The frail elder or vulnerable adult client shall ((
(i) Exhibit evidence of((
(a) Existing elements of)) abuse (physical abuse, mental
mistreatment, or sexual mistreatment), abandonment, exploitation, or
neglect (( constituting a danger to the adult or others)) as defined in
subsection (3) of this section; and
(b))) (ii) Have no (( one)) other adult available, willing (( and)),
or able to competently assist (( the adult responsibly)).
(e) The department may refuse to investigate reports which do not fit the definition of abuse, neglect, exploitation, abandonment or the definition of frail elder or vulnerable adult found in this chapter.
(a) The department shall respond to ((
all)) reports of abuse,
neglect, exploitation, or abandonment of frail elder or vulnerable(( ,
dependent, and developmentally disabled)) adults. Response to a report
may include, but is not limited to, referral to another entity for
action; another entity may include, but is not limited to, law
enforcement agency, mental health center, department of health, domestic
violence program, residential care services, drug or alcohol treatment.
(a) The department shall determine if a valid adult protective
service situation exists.))
The department may refuse to investigate reports which do not
constitute abuse, exploitation, neglect, or abandonment as defined under
(c) The department shall conduct investigations regardless of the
adult's income)) Pursuant to chapter 26.44 RCW the department shall
report an incident of abuse or neglect involving an adult dependent or
developmentally disabled person who has died or has had physical injury
or injuries inflicted upon him or her other than by accidental means or
who has been subjected to sexual abuse to the proper law enforcement
(i) In emergency cases where the person's welfare is endangered the department shall notify law enforcement within twenty-four hours after receiving the report.
(ii) In all other cases the department shall notify law enforcement within seventy-two hours after receiving the report.
(6) Support services.
(a) The department shall provide ((
dependent adults, developmentally
disabled adults, vulnerable adults, and other adults similarly unable to
protect interests vital to their safety and well being with support
services)) services only with the written consent of the client after the
client has been fully informed about the services and the client's right
to refuse services.
(b) The department shall provide frail elders and vulnerable adults with chore personal care services and placement into a licensed and contracted adult family home or adult residential care facility without regard to income only:
(a))) (i) When the services are essential to, and a subordinate
part of, the adult protective services plan; and
(b))) (ii) For a period not to exceed (( the)) ninety days during
any twelve-month period of time which is specified (( under)) in WAC 388-15-209(( (4)))(5), (( Chore services--Eligibility, WAC)) 388-15-552(2),
(( Adult family home--Eligible persons, and WAC)) or 388-15-562(3)(( ,
Congregate care--Eligible persons)).
(c) The department may seek the appointment of a guardian after all other alternatives have been explored and when it is apparent that the client may meet the criteria of incapacity pursuant to chapter 11.88 RCW.
(d) The department may provide assistance to a frail elder or vulnerable adult by filing a protective order as per chapters 10.14, 26.50, and 74.34 RCW, or as otherwise provided by law.
(e) The department may provide other services to protect the
[Statutory Authority: RCW 74.08.090. 91-01-096 (Order 3116), 388-15-120, filed 12/18/90, effective 1/18/91; 86-20-017 (Order 2426), 388-15-120, filed 9/22/86; 85-13-059 (Order 2239), 388-15-120, filed 6/18/85; 84-17-071 (Order 2141), 388-15-120, filed 8/15/84; 80-16-025 (Order 1562), 388-15-120, filed 10/30/80. Statutory Authority: RCW 43.20A.550. 78-04-004 (Order 1276), 388-15-120, filed 3/2/78; Order 1238, 388-15-120, filed 8/31/77; Order 1088, 388-15-120, filed 1/19/76.]