WSR 99-23-023

PERMANENT RULES

STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION


[ Filed November 9, 1999, 1:23 p.m. ]

Date of Adoption: October 29, 1999.

Purpose: Technical/editorial amendments.

Citation of Existing Rules Affected by this Order: Repealing WAC 180-78A-074; and amending WAC 180-78A-005 Purpose, 180-78A-110 Length of time for which program approval status shall be granted, 180-78A-125 Annual reports by colleges and universities, 180-78A-220 Program approval standards for approved preparation programs, 180-78A-264 Approval standard -- Program design, 180-78A-270 Approval standard -- Knowledge and skills, 180-78A-310 Program approval -- Teachers, collaboration with K-12 schools, 180-79A-030 Definitions, 180-79A-105 Equivalency of standards, 180-79A-140 Types of certificates, 180-79A-150 General requirements -- Teachers, administrators, educational staff associates, 180-79A-155 Good moral character and personal fitness -- Necessary supporting evidence by applicants, 180-79A-211 Academic and experience requirements for certification -- Administrators, 180-79A-213 Child abuse course work requirement for continuing certification -- Administrators, 180-79A-226 Child abuse course work requirement for continuing certification -- Educational staff associate, 180-79A-231 Limited certificates, 180-79A-253 Reinstatement of certificate, 180-79A-299 Transition policies, 180-82-202 Certificate endorsements, 180-82-210 Primary and supporting endorsements, and 180-82-215 Implementation policies.

Statutory Authority for Adoption: RCW 28A.410.010 and 28A.305.130 (1) and (2).

Adopted under notice filed as WSR 99-19-085 on September 17, 1999.

Changes Other than Editing from Proposed to Adopted Version: Changes are editorial.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Comply with Federal Statute: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Federal Rules or Standards: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Recently Enacted State Statutes: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted at Request of a Nongovernmental Entity: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted on the Agency's Own Initiative: New 0, Amended 21, Repealed 1.

Number of Sections Adopted in Order to Clarify, Streamline, or Reform Agency Procedures: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0.

Number of Sections Adopted Using Negotiated Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; Pilot Rule Making: New 0, Amended 0, Repealed 0; or Other Alternative Rule Making: New 0, Amended 21, Repealed 1. Effective Date of Rule: Thirty-one days after filing.

November 9, 1999

Larry Davis

Executive Director

OTS-3314.1


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-78A-005
Purpose.

In order to support the successful implementation of Washington's ongoing public school reform and improvement policies, the state board of education is establishing a ((newly designed)) performance-based preparation system for educators ((that will be aligned with these efforts)).  The intent of the performance-based preparation system is to ensure that educators can demonstrate a positive impact on student learning as the foundation for preparing students to ((effectively)) participate effectively in a diverse and democratic society. This chapter establishes the procedures, standards, and criteria to be used in the development and approval of preparation programs offered by institutions of higher education in Washington state leading to teacher, administrator, and educational staff associates certification. These rules establish a performance-based preparation system for educators that supports the Improvement of Student Achievement Act of 1993 (ESHB 1209) which will enable educators to implement the Washington state student learning goals and essential academic learning requirements.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-78A-005, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.  Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130.  97-04-084, 180-78A-005, filed 2/5/97, effective 3/8/97.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-78A-110
Length of time for which program approval status shall be granted.

(1) The state board of education shall approve all preparation programs under the 1997 program approval standards for five years unless the state board approves a variation with the exception of new programs approved for up to two years under WAC ((180-78A-028)) 180-78A-105.

(2) The superintendent of public instruction, upon receipt of a complaint from any source or upon her or his initiative, or initiative of the state board may review all or any part of a preparation program for compliance with the provisions of this chapter. If deviations are found, the state board is authorized to rescind program approval until the college or university submits an acceptable compliance agreement which will bring the preparation program into compliance as soon as reasonably practicable, but no later than the commencement of the succeeding academic year or six calendar months, whichever is later.

(3) If an acceptable compliance agreement is not developed and approved by the state board of education, the preparation program shall be placed on probationary status and the probationary status provision of WAC 180-78A-115 shall apply.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-78A-110, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-78A-125
Annual reports by colleges and universities.

Each college or university offering an approved preparation program shall submit by July 31 of each year annual reports covering the period from July 1 of the previous year to June 30 of the current year, containing the following:

(1) An executive summary of the activities of each professional education advisory board.

(2) Other material related to the preparation programs requested by the state board of education.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-78A-125, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-78A-220
Program approval standards for approved preparation programs.

The program approval standards for approved preparation programs for teachers, administrators, and educational staff associates are as follows:

(1) Professional education advisory boards: The college or university, in ((conformance)) compliance with the provisions of WAC 180-78A-250, has established and maintained a professional education advisory board to participate in and cooperate with the college or university on decisions related to the development, implementation, and revision of each preparation program -- i.e., teacher, administrator, school counselor, school psychologist, and school social workers.

(2) Accountability: Each college or university, in ((conformance)) compliance with the provision of WAC 180-78A-255, has established a performance-based preparation program.

(3) Resources: A separate college, school, department, or other administrative unit within the college or university, in ((conformance)) compliance with the provision of WAC 180-78A-261, is responsible for providing the resources needed to develop and maintain quality preparation programs.

(4) Program design: Each college or university, in ((conformance)) compliance with the provision of WAC 180-78A-264, is responsible for establishing a collaboratively developed approved preparation program that is based on a conceptual framework, current research and best practice that reflects the state's learning goals and essential academic learning requirements.

(5) Knowledge and skills: Each college or university, in ((conformance)) compliance with the provision of WAC 180-78A-270, has established policies requiring all candidates for certification to demonstrate knowledge and skills required for the particular certificate and areas of endorsement and which reflect the state's learning goals and essential academic learning requirements.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-78A-220, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-78A-264
Approval standard -- Program design.

Building on the mission to prepare educators who demonstrate a positive impact on student learning, the following evidence shall be evaluated to determine whether each preparation program is in compliance with the program design standard of WAC 180-78A-220(4):

(1) The curriculum is guided by a conceptual framework and is based on current research and best practice, is cohesive and integrated, is performance-based, and supports the state's student learning goals and for teacher preparation programs, reflects the essential academic learning requirements.

(2) Candidates who demonstrate potential for acquiring the content and pedagogical knowledge and skills for success as educators in schools are recruited, admitted, and retained (see WAC 180-78A-200 Candidate admission policies). These candidates include members from under represented groups.

(3) Candidates attain/demonstrate academic competence in the educator role for which they are being prepared.

(4) A set of criteria/performances for program completion are established and published.

(5) The preparing institution shall assure that candidates are provided with appropriate course work and experiences in teaching methods for each endorsement area. The methods should include:

(a) Instructional strategies.

(b) Curriculum frameworks (essential academic learning requirements).

(c) Assessment strategies, including performance-based measurements of student work.

(d) Unit/lesson planning.

(6) Field experiences are integrated throughout the preparation program and include experience with diverse populations in a variety of settings.

(7) Candidates complete an internship in which they demonstrate the required knowledge and skills: Provided, That candidates for an administrator certificate shall complete an internship pursuant to WAC 180-78A-325, candidates for a school psychologist certificate shall complete an internship pursuant to WAC 180-78A-317, and candidates for a school counselor certificate shall complete an internship pursuant to WAC 180-78A-315.

(8) Programs reflect ongoing collaboration with P-12 schools.

(9) Candidates for a teacher certificate shall hold/obtain a baccalaureate degree from a regionally accredited college or university in any of the subject areas of the endorsements listed in chapter 180-82 WAC: Provided, That if a candidate is accepted into a program in Washington state on or before August 31, 2000, and completes the program on or before August 31, 2003, in accordance with WAC 180-79A-299, the candidate may hold a baccalaureate degree in any of the subject areas of the endorsements listed in WAC 180-79A-302. Such degrees shall require the completion of at least forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) of course work in the subject area: Provided, That a candidate who holds a baccalaureate degree in another academic field will not be required to obtain a second baccalaureate degree if the candidate provides evidence to the superintendent of public instruction that he or she has completed the required forty-five quarter or thirty semester hours of course work in one of the subject areas of the endorsements listed in WAC 180-79A-302.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-78A-264, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-78A-270
Approval standard -- Knowledge and skills.

Building on the mission to prepare educators who demonstrate a positive impact on student learning based on the Improvement of Student Achievement Act of 1993 (1209), the following evidence shall be evaluated to determine whether each preparation program is in compliance with the program approval standards of WAC 180-78A-220(5):

(1) TEACHER. Teacher candidates will complete a well-planned sequence of courses and/or experiences in which they acquire and apply knowledge about:

Foundational knowledge

(a) The state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements.

(b) The subject matter content for the area(s) they teach, including relevant methods course work and the ((essential areas of study)) knowledge and skills for each endorsement area for which the candidate is applying (chapter ((180-79A)) 180-82 WAC).

(c) The social, historical, and philosophical foundations of education, including an understanding of the moral, social, and political dimensions of classrooms, teaching, and schools.

(d) The impact of technological and societal changes on schools.

(e) Theories of human development and learning.

(f) Inquiry and research.

(g) School law and educational policy.

(h) Professional ethics.

(i) The responsibilities, structure, and activities of the profession.

(j) Issues related to abuse including the identification of physical, emotional, sexual, and substance abuse, information on the impact of abuse on the behavior and learning abilities of students, discussion of the responsibilities of a teacher to report abuse or provide assistance to students who are the victims of abuse, and methods for teaching students about abuse of all types and their prevention.

(k) The standards, criteria and other requirements for obtaining the professional certificate.

Effective teaching

(l) Research and experience-based principles of effective practice for encouraging the intellectual, social, and personal development of students.

(m) Different student approaches to learning for creating instructional opportunities adapted to learners from diverse cultural or linguistic backgrounds.

(n) Areas of exceptionality and learning -- including, but not limited to, learning disabilities, visual and perceptual difficulties, and special physical or mental challenges.

(o) Effective instructional strategies for students at all levels of academic abilities and talents.

(p) Instructional strategies for developing reading, writing, critical thinking, and problem solving skills.

(q) The prevention and diagnosis of reading difficulties and research-based intervention strategies.

(r) Classroom management and discipline, including:

(i) Individual and group motivation for encouraging positive social interaction, active engagement in learning, and self-motivation.

(ii) Effective verbal, nonverbal, and media communication for fostering active inquiry, collaboration, and supportive interactions in the classroom.

(s) Planning and management of instruction based on knowledge of the content area, the community, and curriculum goals.

(t) Formal and informal assessment strategies for evaluating and ensuring the continuous intellectual, social, and physical development of the learner.

(u) Collaboration with school colleagues, parents, and agencies in the larger community for supporting students' learning and well-being.

(v) Effective interactions with parents to support students' learning and well-being.

Professional development

(w) The opportunity for candidates to reflect on their teaching and its effects on student growth and learning.

(x) Educational technology including the use of computer and other technologies in instruction, assessment and professional productivity.

(y) Strategies for effective participation in group decision making.

(2) PRINCIPAL AND PROGRAM ADMINISTRATOR. Effective August 31, 1997, principal and program administrator candidates, in order to support student achievement of the state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements, will complete a well-planned sequence of courses and/or experiences in an approved preparation program which shall include:

(a) Specific performance domains. An approved preparation program shall require the candidate to demonstrate in course work and the internship the following:

(i) Leadership: Formulating goals with individuals or groups; initiating and maintaining direction with groups and guiding them to the accomplishment of tasks; setting priorities for one's school in the context of community and district priorities and student and staff needs; integrating own and others' ideas for task accomplishment; initiating and planning organizational change.

(ii) Information collection: Gathering data, facts, and impressions from a variety of sources about students, parents, staff members, administrators, and community members; seeking knowledge about policies, rules, laws, precedents, or practices; managing the data flow; classifying and organizing information for use in decision making and monitoring.

(iii) Problem analysis: Identifying the important elements of a problem situation by analyzing relevant information; framing problems; identifying possible causes; identifying additional needed information; framing and reframing possible solutions; exhibiting conceptual flexibility; assisting others to form reasoned opinions about problems and issues.

(iv) Judgment: Reaching logical conclusions and making high quality, timely decisions given the best available information.

(v) Organizational oversight: Planning and scheduling one's own and others' work so that resources are used appropriately, and short-term and long-term priorities and goals are met; monitoring projects to meet deadlines.

(vi) Implementation: Making things happen; putting programs and plans into action; applying management technologies; applying methods of organizational change including collaborative processes; facilitating tasks; establishing progress checkpoints; considering alternative approaches; providing "mid-course" corrections when actual outcomes start to diverge from intended outcomes; adapting to new conditions.

(vii) Delegation: Assigning projects or tasks together with clear authority to accomplish them and responsibility for their timely and acceptable completion.

(viii) Instructional program: Envisioning and enabling instructional and auxiliary programs for the improvement of teaching and learning; recognizing the developmental needs of students; insuring appropriate instructional methods; designing positive learning experiences; accommodating differences in cognition and achievement; mobilizing the participation of appropriate people or groups to develop these programs and to establish a positive learning environment.

(ix) Curriculum design: Interpreting school district curricula; planning and implementing with staff a framework for instruction that shall include the implementation of the state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements; initiating needs analyses and monitoring social and technological developments as they affect curriculum; responding to international content levels; adjusting content as needs and conditions change.

(x) Student guidance and development: Providing for student guidance, counseling, and auxiliary services; utilizing community organizations; responding to family needs; enlisting the participation of appropriate people and groups to design and conduct these programs and to connect schooling with plans for adult life; planning for a comprehensive program of student activities.

(xi) Staff development: Identifying with participants the professional needs of individuals and groups; planning and organizing programs to improve staff effectiveness; supervising individuals and groups; engaging staff and others to plan and participate in recruitment and development; initiating self-development.

(xii) Measurement and evaluation: Determining what diagnostic information is needed about students, staff, and the school environment; examining the extent to which outcomes meet or exceed previously defined standards, goals, or priorities for individuals or groups; drawing inferences for program revisions; interpreting measurements or evaluations for others; relating programs to desired outcomes; developing equivalent measures of competence.

(xiii) Resource allocation: Planning and developing the budget with appropriate staff; seeking, allocating, and adjusting fiscal, human, and material resources; utilizing the physical plant; monitoring resource use and reporting results.

(xiv) Motivating others: Building commitment to a course of action; creating and channeling the energy of self and others; planning and encouraging participation; supporting innovation; recognizing and rewarding effective performance; providing coaching, guidance, or correction for performance that needs improvement; serving as a role model.

(xv) Sensitivity: Perceiving the needs and concerns of others; dealing with others tactfully; working with others in emotionally stressful situations or in conflict; managing conflict; obtaining feedback; recognizing multicultural sensibilities.

(xvi) Oral expression: Making oral presentations that are clear and easy to understand; clarifying and restating questions; responding, reviewing, and summarizing for groups; utilizing appropriate communicative aids; adapting for audiences.

(xvii) Written expression: Expressing ideas clearly in writing; writing appropriately for different audiences such as students, teachers, and parents; preparing brief memoranda.

(xviii) Philosophical and cultural values: Acting with a reasoned understanding of the role of education in a democratic society and in accord with accepted ethical standards; recognizing philosophical and historical influences in education; reflecting an understanding of American culture, including current social and economic issues related to education; recognizing global influences on students and society.

(xix) Legal and regulatory applications: Acting in accordance with relevant federal and Washington state laws, rules, and policies; recognizing governmental influences on education; working within local rules, procedures, and directives; administering contracts.

(xx) Policy and political influences: Identifying relationships between public policy and education; recognizing policy issues; examining and affecting policies individually and through professional and public groups; relating policy initiatives to the welfare of students; addressing ethical issues.

(xxi) Public and media relationships: Developing common perceptions about school issues; interacting with parental and community opinion leaders; understanding and responding skillfully to the electronic and printed news media; initiating and reporting news through appropriate channels; enlisting public participation; recognizing and providing for market segments.

(b) Performance assessment. An approved preparation program for principals shall require that prior to the internship each candidate shall engage in a performance assessment through a process determined by each preparation program. The results of this assessment shall be utilized by the college/university supervisor, the cooperating principal, and the principal candidate to cooperatively design the internship plan.

(3) SUPERINTENDENT. Superintendent candidates, in order to support student achievement of the state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements, will complete a well-planned sequence of courses and/or experiences in an approved preparation program for superintendents which shall include specific performance domains for superintendents. An approved preparation program for superintendents shall require the candidate to demonstrate in course work and the internship the following:

(a) Strategic leadership: The knowledge, skills and attributes to identify contexts, develop with others vision and purpose, utilize information, frame problems, exercise leadership processes to achieve common goals, and act ethically for educational communities. This includes:

(i) Professional and ethical leadership.

(ii) Information management and evaluation.

(b) Instructional leadership: The knowledge, skills and attributes to design with others appropriate curricula and instructional programs which implement the state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements, to develop learner centered school cultures, to assess outcomes, to provide student personnel services, and to plan with faculty professional development activities aimed at improving instruction. This includes:

(i) Curriculum, instruction, supervision, and learning environment.

(ii) Professional development and human resources.

(iii) Student personnel services.

(c) Organizational leadership: The knowledge, skills and attributes to understand and improve the organization, implement operational plans, manage financial resources, and apply decentralized management processes and procedures. This includes:

(i) Organizational management.

(ii) Interpersonal relationships.

(iii) Financial management and resource allocation.

(iv) Technology and information system.

(d) Political and community leadership: The knowledge, skills and attributes to act in accordance with legal provisions and statutory requirements, to apply regulatory standards, to develop and apply appropriate policies, to be conscious of ethical implications of policy initiatives and political actions, to relate public policy initiatives to student welfare, to understand schools as political systems, to involve citizens and service agencies, and to develop effective staff communications and public relations programs. This includes:

(i) Community and media relations.

(ii) Federal and Washington state educational law, public policy and political systems.

(4) SCHOOL COUNSELOR. School counselor candidates, in order to support student achievement of the state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements, will complete a well-planned sequence of courses and/or experiences in which they acquire and apply knowledge about:

(a) Human growth and development (studies that provide an understanding of the nature and needs of individuals at all developmental levels).

(b) Social and cultural foundations (studies that provide an understanding of issues and trends in a multicultural and diverse society).

(c) Helping relationships (studies that provide an understanding of counseling and consultation processes).

(d) Group work (studies that provide an understanding of group development, dynamics, counseling theories, group counseling methods and skills, and other group work approaches).

(e) Career and lifestyle development (studies that provide an understanding of career development and related life factors).

(f) Appraisal (studies that provide an understanding of individual and group approaches to assessment and evaluation), including assessment of the state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements.

(g) Research and program evaluation (studies that provide an understanding of types of research methods, basic statistics, and ethical and legal considerations in research).

(h) Professional orientation (studies that provide an understanding of all aspects of professional functioning including history, roles, organizational structures, ethics, standards, and credentialing).

(i) Foundations of school counseling including:

(i) History, philosophy, and trends in school counseling;

(ii) Role and function of the school counselor in conjunction with the roles of the professional and support personnel in the school;

(iii) Knowledge of the school setting and curriculum including the state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements;

(iv) Ethical standards and guidelines of the American School Counselor Association (ASCA);

(v) State and federal policies, laws, and legislation relevant to school counseling; and

(vi) Implications of sociocultural, demographic, and lifestyle diversity relevant to school counseling.

(j) Studies that provide an understanding of the coordination of counseling program components as they relate to the total school community including:

(i) Referral of children and adolescents for specialized help;

(ii) Coordination efforts with resource persons, specialists, businesses, and agencies outside the school to promote program objectives;

(iii) Methods of integration of guidance curriculum in the total school curriculum;

(iv) Promotion of the use of counseling and guidance activities and programs by the total school community to enhance a positive school climate; and

(v) Methods of planning and presenting guidance-related educational programs for school personnel and parents.

(k) Theory, knowledge and skills for the practice of school counseling including:

(i) Program development, implementation and evaluation. Studies in this area include:

(A) Use of surveys, interviews, and needs assessments;

(B) Design, implementation and evaluation of a comprehensive, developmental school program;

(C) Implementation and evaluation of specific strategies designed to meet program goals and objectives;

(D) Preparation of a counseling schedule reflecting appropriate time commitments and priorities in a developmental school counseling program; and

(E) Use of appropriate technology and information systems.

(ii) Counseling and guidance. Studies in this area include:

(A) Individual and group counseling and guidance approaches appropriate for the developmental stage and needs of children and adolescents;

(B) Group guidance approaches that are systematically designed to assist children and adolescents with developmental tasks;

(C) Approaches to peer helper programs;

(D) Issues which may affect the development and function of children and adolescents (e.g., abuse, eating disorders, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, exceptionality, substance abuse, violence, suicide, dropout);

(E) Developmental approaches to assist students and parents at points of educational transition (e.g., postsecondary education, vocational, and career options);

(F) Crisis intervention and referral; and

(G) System dynamics, including family, school, community, etc.

(iii) Consultation. Studies in this area shall include:

(A) Methods of enhancing teamwork within the school community; and

(B) Methods of involving parents, teachers, administrators, support staff and community agency personnel.

(5) SCHOOL PSYCHOLOGIST. School psychologist candidates, in order to support student achievement of the state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements, will complete a well-planned sequence of courses and/or experiences in which they acquire and apply knowledge about:

(a) Knowledge of the field. The candidate has knowledge and skill in relevant fields of study, including:

(i) Learning theory.

(ii) Personality theory and development.

(iii) Individual and group testing and assessment.

(iv) Individual and group counseling and interviewing theory and techniques.

(v) Basic statistics.

(vi) Child development.

(vii) Exceptional children.

(viii) Social and cultural factors.

(ix) Deviant personality.

(x) Curriculum, including the state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements.

(xi) Research design.

(xii) Physiological and biological factors.

(b) Assessment and diagnosis. The candidate has knowledge and skill necessary to select, administer, score, and interpret instruments and techniques in the following areas:

(i) Intellectual and cognitive assessment.

(ii) Individual and group academic skills: Standardized norm-referenced and criteria-referenced measurements and curriculum-based measurements.

(iii) Personality assessment.

(iv) Assessment of perceptual skills.

(v) Assessment of adaptive behavior; assessment of language skills.

(c) Behavioral observation and analysis. The candidate has knowledge and skill in behavior observation, including:

(i) Data taking.

(ii) Frequency measures.

(iii) Qualitative and quantitative analysis of classroom behavior.

(iv) Developmental and personality analysis, including perceptual, cognitive, social, and affective and language development in children.

(d) Counseling and interviewing. The candidate has the knowledge and skill necessary to:

(i) Provide individual and group counseling to students and parents.

(ii) Conduct interviews essential to information collecting from parents, teachers, and other professionals.

(e) Program development. The candidate has the knowledge and skill to make educational prescriptions, including specification of remedial environmental changes, both curricular and behavioral, for a particular student.

(f) Consultation. The candidate has the knowledge and skill to:

(i) Function on multidisciplinary teams in evaluating and placing students.

(ii) Confer with and make recommendations to parents, specialists, teachers, referral personnel, and others relative to student's characteristics and needs in the educational and home environments.

(g) Program evaluation and recordkeeping. The candidate has the knowledge and skill necessary to develop and implement program evaluation and maintain required records.

(h) Professionalism. The candidate has knowledge of professional standards regarding ethical and legal practices relevant to the practice of school psychology. The candidate demonstrates knowledge and skill in written and oral reporting of assessment and remedial recommendations which will meet ethical and legal standards.

(i) Research. The candidate has knowledge and skill to:

(i) Evaluate and perform research.

(ii) Apply school-oriented research.

(iii) Construct criterion-referenced instruments with reference to such educational decisions as:

(A) Retention in grade.

(B) Acceleration and early entrance.

(C) Early entrance.

(6) SCHOOL SOCIAL WORKER. School social worker candidates, in order to support student achievement of the state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements, will complete a well-planned sequence of courses and/or experiences in which they acquire and apply knowledge about:

(a) Knowledge for social work practice. The candidate has knowledge and skills in relevant fields of study including:

(i) Values.

(A) Knowledge of profession including values, skills, and ethics; and

(B) National Association of Social Workers (NASW) Code of Ethics and school social work guidelines for practice.

(ii) Human behavior and the social environment.

(A) Community theory and community change (e.g., community organization and development, social planning, networking, and case management);

(B) Systems and organizational theory (e.g., school as a bureaucracy);

(C) Social disorganization (e.g., poverty, family and community violence, unemployment, addictions, multiple losses), and context of family in a changing society;

(D) Family dynamics and theories of family therapy;

(E) Human/child growth and development;

(F) Diverse populations of: Race, culture, social class, life style, age, gender and the disabled;

(G) Theories of personality; and

(H) Use of computer technology for social work practice.

(b) Service delivery and program development. The candidate will have knowledge and skills in the following activities:

(i) Direct practice.

(A) Referring, developing, and coordinating resources and services in the local education agency and community;

(B) Knowledge and skills related to families;

(C) Case management;

(D) Working with vulnerable and "hard to reach" individuals and families, including those from diverse populations;

(E) Crisis intervention, conflict resolution, stress management and decision-making skills;

(F) Individual and group counseling to improve students' self-knowledge and interactional skills for personal empowerment;

(G) Interviewing and counseling students in relation to social-personal problems adjudged to be impairing student's ability to learn;

(H) Family interventions including parent education; referral to resources; family counseling;

(I) Teaching children communication and interpersonal relationship skills through individual/group/classroom interventions;

(J) Collaborating and consulting with parents and community to assure readiness to learn for all students;

(K) Multidimensional assessment of student's social-emotional adjustment, adaptive behaviors, individual strengths, and environmental assets;

(L) Intervention case planning processes; and

(M) Career and academic guidance to students in their school to work transitions.

(ii) Indirect practice.

(A) Liaison and facilitator between and among home, school and community;

(B) Collaborate and consult with other educational staff to assure student progress;

(C) Use computer technology for practice and efficiency;

(D) Develop strategies for increased parental and community involvement with the school;

(E) Develop programs of remediation for students and their families;

(F) Design, coordinate and facilitate programs such as suicide prevention, truancy and drop-out prevention, and prevention of teenage pregnancy;

(G) Provide staff development programs;

(H) Work collaboratively with educational staff to develop programs to address school-community identified needs; and

(I) Function as change agents.

(c) Research and evaluation. The candidate will have necessary skills and knowledge to:

(i) Collect and interpret data in order to evaluate student, school, and community needs;

(ii) Evaluate own practice;

(iii) Become consumer of research findings;

(iv) Understand use of program evaluation methods; and

(v) Utilize computer technology for research and evaluation.

(d) Context for educational system. The candidate will have necessary knowledge and skills to apply the following:

(i) State learning goals and essential academic learning requirements;

(ii) Theories of learning;

(iii) School law and professional ethics;

(iv) Computer technology in the workplace; and

(v) Understanding of policies, laws, and procedures.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-78A-270, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-78A-310
Program approval -- Teachers, collaboration with K-12 schools.

An approved preparation program annually shall develop and implement a plan to enhance the level of collaboration and interaction between the program's faculty and K-12 schools in the state. The plan shall require, to the maximum extent feasible, that each member of the full-time teacher preparation faculty annually provide instruction to students in the K-12 classroom in a public or approved private school setting in the state of Washington, during the regular school year. The instruction that will be provided must be in accordance with RCW ((28A.405.010)) 28A.410.025 and applicable state board of education rules.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-78A-310, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


REPEALER

     The following section of the Washington Administrative Code is repealed:
WAC 180-78A-074 Additional membership on professional education advisory boards.

OTS-3315.4


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-79A-030
Definitions.

The following definitions shall apply to terms used in this chapter:

(1) The terms, "program approval," "endorsement," "interstate compact," "college or university," and "regionally accredited institution of higher education," as defined in WAC 180-78-010 and 180-78A-010 shall apply to the provisions of this chapter.

(2) "Certificate" means the license issued by the superintendent of public instruction to teachers, administrators, and educational staff associates verifying that the individual has met the requirements set forth in this chapter.

(3) "Certificate renewal" means the process whereby the validity of a certificate, subject to expiration, is extended or regained.

(4) "Classroom teaching" means instructing pupils in an instructional setting.

(5) "Approved baccalaureate degree" for the purpose of this chapter, means a baccalaureate from a regionally accredited college or university in any of the subject areas of the endorsement listed in WAC 180-79A-302 as now or hereafter amended. Such degrees shall require the completion of at least forty-five quarter hours (thirty semester hours) of course work in the subject area: Provided, That a candidate who holds a baccalaureate degree in another academic field will not be required to obtain a second baccalaureate degree if the candidate provides evidence to the superintendent of public instruction that he or she has completed the required forty-five quarter or thirty semester hours of course work in one of the subject areas of the endorsements listed in WAC 180-79A-302.

(6) "Child abuse course work requirement" means completion of course work or an in-service program including a minimum of ten clock hours of instruction on issues of abuse. The content of the course work or in-service program shall discuss the identification of physical, emotional, sexual, and substance abuse, information on the impact of abuse on the behavior and learning abilities of students, discussion of the responsibilities of a teacher to report abuse or provide assistance to students who are victims of abuse, and methods for teaching students about abuse of all types and their prevention.

(7) "Approved master's degree" for the purpose of this chapter, means a master's or doctorate degree from a regionally accredited college or university.

(((7))) (8) "Credit hour(s)" means credit (normally 100 level or above) awarded by a regionally accredited institution of higher education.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-79A-030, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 97-04-088, filed 2/5/97, effective 3/8/97)

WAC 180-79A-105
Equivalency of standards.

Reasonable flexibility in interpretation of the requirements for certification may be applied consistent with the intent and spirit of the requirements of the appropriate chapter.  ((For example, advanced degrees in the same or related fields may be substituted for required lesser degrees.))  An annual report of the use of this rule shall be submitted to the state board of education by the superintendent of public instruction.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.410.010.  97-04-088, 180-79A-105, filed 2/5/97, effective 3/8/97.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-79A-140
Types of certificates.

((Seven)) Six types of certificates shall be issued:

(1) Teacher.  The teacher certificate, including teacher exchange permits as provided in WAC 180-79A-220, authorizes service as a classroom teacher.

(2) Vocational.  The vocational certificate authorizes service in vocational programs in accordance with the provisions of chapter 180-77 WAC.

(3) Administrator.

(a) The administrator certificate for principal authorizes services as a building administrator or vice-principal.  The initial principal certificate shall indicate one of the following grade levels, preschool-9, 4-12, or preschool-12, based on recommendations from the college or university in which the candidate completed an approved preparation program.

(b) The administrator certificates for superintendent or program administrator will be issued to persons who meet state board of education certification standards for service in the roles of superintendent or program administrator.

(4) Educational staff associate.  The educational staff associate certificate authorizes service in the roles of school speech pathologists or audiologists, school counselors, school nurses, school occupational therapists, school physical therapists, school psychologists, and school social workers: Provided, That nothing within chapter 180-79A WAC authorizes professional practice by an educational staff associate which is otherwise prohibited or restricted by any other law, including licensure statutes and rules and regulations promulgated by the appropriate licensure board or agency.

(5) Internship. The internship certificate is issued to individuals who meet the qualifications for it and are participating in the internship pilot project as described in WAC 180-79A-241.

(6) Limited certificates. The following limited certificates are issued to individuals under specific circumstances set forth in WAC 180-79A-230:

(a) Conditional certificate.

(b) Substitute certificate.

(c) Emergency certificate.

(d) Emergency substitute certificate.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-79A-140, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.  Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.410.010.  97-04-088, 180-79A-140, filed 2/5/97, effective 3/8/97.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-79A-150
General requirements -- Teachers, administrators, educational staff associates.

The following requirements are to be met by candidates for certification as teachers including vocational teachers, administrators, or educational staff associates:

(1) Age.  No person who is less than eighteen years of age shall receive a certificate to serve in the public or nonpublic schools of Washington state.

(2) Character.  Applicants for certificates in Washington state who are not holders of a valid Washington state teacher's, administrator's, educational staff associate's, or vocational certificate must give evidence of good moral character and personal fitness as specified in WAC 180-79A-155 and must complete a record check through the Washington state patrol criminal identification system and through the Federal Bureau of Investigation at the applicant's expense as required by RCW 28A.410.010; such record check shall include a fingerprint check using a Washington state patrol approved fingerprint card: Provided, That the superintendent of public instruction may waive the record check for an applicant who has had a record check within the two years prior to application.

(3) Degrees and course work.  A candidate for certification shall hold appropriate degrees, licenses, and additional course work as prescribed in chapters 180-79A and 180-77 WAC or have qualified under WAC 180-79A-257.

(4) Approved preparation program.  Applicants for certification as teachers, administrators, school counselors, school psychologists and school social workers, except as otherwise provided in WAC 180-79A-257, ((180-79A-230, 180-79A-236)) 180-79A-231, and 180-79A-241 and in chapter 180-77 WAC, in order to be certified within the state of Washington shall have completed a state approved college/university preparation program in the professional field for which certification is to be issued.  In addition, candidates for principal's certificates must hold a valid teacher's certificate, excluding certificates issued under WAC ((180-79A-230, 180-79A-236,)) 180-79A-231 or 180-79A-241, or comparable out-of-state certificates.  Candidates for superintendent's certificates must hold a valid teacher, educational staff associate, or program administrator certificate; excluding certificates issued under WAC ((180-79A-230, 180-79A-236,)) 180-79A-231 or 180-79A-241, or comparable out-of-state certificates.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-79A-150, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.  Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.410.010.  98-01-030, 180-79A-150, filed 12/8/97, effective 1/8/98; 97-04-088, 180-79A-150, filed 2/5/97, effective 3/8/97.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-79A-155
Good moral character and personal fitness -- Necessary supporting evidence by applicants.

All applicants for certification shall submit the following:

(1) An affidavit from the applicant indicating that he or she has not been convicted of any crime or a complete disclosure of all arrests and subsequent dispositions of such arrests. In the event of a conviction for any arrest, the applicant shall state reasons why such conviction does not reflect adversely on the requirement to possess good moral character and be personally fit.

(2) An affidavit from the applicant that he or she has no history of serious behavioral problems or a complete disclosure of the nature and status of all such problems, including the names and addresses of health practitioners who have treated the applicant within the past ten years and an executed consent form permitting the superintendent of public instruction to contact and consult with such health practitioners and for such health practitioners to fully disclose medical information related to such behavioral problems.

(3) An affidavit from the dean of the college or school of education or one or more officials designated by such dean, or, if none, by the college or university president, where the applicant completed his or her approved preparation program, that indicates that a designated college or university official has contacted several faculty members who personally know or knew the applicant and has no knowledge of any relevant information related to the applicant's character or fitness that would adversely affect the applicant's ability to serve in a certificated role or a statement from such affiant of the reasons why it is not possible to make such an affidavit.

(4) If the affidavit described in subsection (3) of this section is impossible or impractical to obtain, the applicant shall submit to the superintendent of public instruction the following:

(a) A statement as to why it is impossible or impractical to secure the affidavit required by subsection (3) of this section;

(b) A complete employment history, including the names, addresses, and phone numbers of the immediate supervisor of such applicant when an employee; and

(c) The names, addresses, and phone numbers of three character references who are not related to the applicant.

(5) If the applicant holds or has held a ((professional)) certificate in any other state, such applicant shall prepare one of the following affidavits for each such state:

(a) An affidavit that such certificate has not been suspended, surrendered, or revoked. Such affidavit shall be forwarded to the licensing agency in such state with a request that such affidavit be verified and forwarded directly to the superintendent of public instruction.

(b) An affidavit which shall fully disclose the reasons for the suspension, surrender, or revocation of the certificate. Such affidavit shall be submitted directly to the superintendent of public instruction.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-79A-155, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-79A-211
Academic and experience requirements for certification -- Administrators.

Candidates for the respective administrative certificate shall complete the following requirements in addition to those set forth in WAC 180-79A-150 and 180-79A-213.

(1) Superintendent.

(a) Initial.

(i) The candidate shall hold an approved master's degree and have completed subsequent to the baccalaureate degree at least forty-five quarter credit hours (thirty semester credit hours) of graduate level course work in education.

(ii) The candidate must meet requirements for a superintendent's certificate pursuant to WAC 180-79A-150(4).

(b) Continuing.

(i) The candidate shall hold an approved master's degree and have completed subsequent to the baccalaureate degree at least sixty quarter credit hours (forty semester credit hours) of graduate level course work in education or shall hold a doctorate in education.

(ii) The candidate must meet requirements for a superintendent's certificate pursuant to WAC 180-79A-150(4).

(iii) Candidates applying for continuing superintendent's certificate shall provide documentation of one hundred eighty days or full-time equivalent or more employment in the respective role with an authorized employer -- i.e., school district, educational service district, state agency, college or university, private school, or private school system -- and at least thirty days of such employment with the same employer.

(2) Principal.

(a) Initial.

(i) The candidate shall hold a master's degree and have completed an approved program for the preparation of principals.

(ii) Candidates applying for initial principal's certificates who were admitted to a principal preparation program prior to August 31, 1998, shall present documentation of one hundred eighty days or full-time equivalent or more teaching experience with an authorized employer -- i.e., school district, state agency, college or university, private school system -- and at least thirty days of such employment with the same employer. Candidates applying for the initial principal's certificate who were admitted to a principal preparation program on or after August 31, 1998, shall present documentation of five hundred forty days (three school years) of full-time or more teaching in a public or private school system. No more than sixty days substitute or equivalent teaching experience may be included for this requirement.

(b) Continuing.

(i) The candidate who applies prior to August 31, 1998, shall hold an approved master's degree and completed subsequent to the baccalaureate degree at least forty-five hours (thirty semester hours) of graduate level course work in education or shall hold a doctorate in education.

(ii) The candidate who applies on or after August 31, 1998, shall hold an approved master's degree and shall have completed at least fifteen quarter (ten semester) credit hours of graduate course work offered by a college or university with a state approved principal program or one hundred fifty clock hours of study, which meet the state continuing education clock hour criteria, or a combination of credits and clock hours equivalent to the above. Such study shall:

(A) Be based on the principal performance domains included in WAC ((180-78A-165)) 180-78A-270(2);

(B) Be taken subsequent to the issuance of the initial principal's certificate; and

(C) Be determined in consultation with and approved by the candidate's employer or the administrator of a state approved principal preparation program.

(iii) The candidate must meet requirements for a principal's certificate pursuant to WAC 180-79A-150(4).

(iv) Candidates applying for continuing principal's certificate shall provide documentation of one hundred eighty days or full-time equivalent or more employment in the respective role with an authorized employer -- i.e., school district, educational service district, state agency, college or university, private school, or private school system -- and at least thirty days of such employment with the same employer. Candidates applying for the continuing principal's certificate on or after August 31, 1998, shall provide documentation of three contracted school years of full-time employment as a principal or assistant principal.

(3) Program administrator.

(a) Initial.

The candidate shall hold an approved master's degree, a master's degree required for an educational staff associate certificate, a master's degree in school nursing, occupational therapy or physical therapy, or a master's degree in public education, or business administration and have completed subsequent to the baccalaureate degree at least twenty-four quarter credit hours (sixteen semester credit hours) of graduate level course work in education.

(b) Continuing.

(i) The candidate shall hold an approved master's degree, a master's degree required for an educational staff associate certificate, a master's degree in school nursing, occupational therapy, physical therapy, or a master's degree in public education, or business administration and have completed subsequent to the baccalaureate degree at least thirty quarter credit hours (twenty semester credit hours) of graduate level course work in education or shall hold a doctorate in education.

(ii) Candidates applying for continuing program administrator's certificate shall provide documentation of one hundred eighty days or full-time equivalent or more employment in the respective role with an authorized employer -- i.e., school district, educational service district, state agency, college or university, private school, or private school system -- and at least thirty days of such employment with the same employer.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-79A-211, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-79A-213
Child abuse course work requirement for continuing certification -- Administrators.

Candidates who apply for a continuing administrator certificate after August 31, 1994, must have successfully completed ((course work or an in-service program including a minimum of ten clock hours of instruction on issues of abuse as a condition for the issuance of a continuing certificate. The content of the course work or in-service program shall discuss the identification of physical, emotional, sexual, and substance abuse, information on the impact of abuse on the behavior and learning abilities of students, discussion of the responsibilities of a teacher to report abuse or provide assistance to students who are the victims of abuse, and methods for teaching students about abuse of all types and their prevention)) the child abuse course work requirement as defined in WAC 180-79A-030(6).

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-79A-213, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-79A-226
Child abuse course work requirement for continuing certification -- Educational staff associate.

Candidates who apply for a continuing educational staff associate certificate after August 31, 1994, must have successfully completed ((course work or an in-service program including a minimum of ten clock hours of instruction on issues of abuse as a condition for the issuance of a continuing certificate. The content of the course work or in-service program shall discuss the identification of physical, emotional, sexual, and substance abuse, information on the impact of abuse on the behavior and learning abilities of students, discussion of the responsibilities of a teacher to report abuse or provide assistance to students who are the victims of abuse, and methods for teaching students about abuse of all types and their prevention)) the child abuse course work requirement as defined in WAC 180-79A-030(6).

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-79A-226, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-79A-231
Limited certificates.

Notwithstanding other requirements prescribed in this chapter for eligibility for certification in the state of Washington, the following certificates shall be issued under specific circumstances set forth below for limited service:

(1) Conditional certificate.

(a) The purpose of the conditional certificate is to assist local school districts, approved private schools, and educational service districts in meeting the state's educational goals by giving them flexibility in hiring decisions based on shortages or the opportunity to secure the services of unusually talented individuals. The state board of education encourages in all cases the hiring of fully certificated individuals and understands that districts will employ individuals with conditional certificates only after careful review of all other options. The state board of education asks districts when reviewing such individuals for employment to consider, in particular, previous experience the individual has had working with children.

(b) Conditional certificates are issued upon application by the local school district, approved private school, or educational service district superintendent to persons who meet the age, good moral character, and personal fitness requirements of WAC 180-79A-150 (1) and (2), if one of the following conditions is verified:

(i) The applicant is highly qualified and experienced in the subject matter to be taught and has unusual distinction or exceptional talent which is able to be demonstrated through public records of accomplishments and/or awards; or

(ii) No person with regular teacher certification in the endorsement area is available as verified by the district or educational service district superintendent or approved private school administrator, or circumstances warrant consideration of issuance of a conditional certificate.

(c) In addition, conditional certificates are issued to persons in the following categories only if no person with regular certification is available:

(i) The applicant qualifies to instruct in the traffic safety program as paraprofessionals pursuant to WAC 392-153-020 (2) and (3); or

(ii) The applicant is assigned instructional responsibility for intramural/interscholastic activities which are part of the district or approved private school approved program; or

(iii) The applicant possesses a state of Washington license for a registered nurse: Provided, That the district will be responsible for orienting and preparing individuals for their assignment as described in (e)(iii) of this subsection; or

(iv) The applicant has completed a baccalaureate degree level school speech pathologist or audiologist certification preparation program, who were eligible for certification at the time of program completion and who have served in the role for three of the last seven years.

(d) The educational service district or local district superintendent or administrator of an approved private school will verify that the following criteria have been met when requesting the conditional certificate:

(i) The district or educational service district superintendent or approved private school administrator has indicated the basis on which he/she has determined that the individual is competent for the assignment;

(ii) The individual is being certificated for a specific assignment and responsibility in a specified activity/field;

(e) When requesting the conditional certificate for persons who provide classroom instruction, the educational service district superintendent or local district superintendent or approved private school administrator will verify that the following additional criteria will be met:

(i) After specific inclusion on the agenda, the school board or educational service district board has authorized submission of the application.

(ii) The individual will be delegated primary responsibility for planning, conducting, and evaluating instructional activities with the direct assistance of a school district or approved private school mentor and will not be serving in a paraprofessional role which would not require certification;

(iii) Personnel so certificated will be oriented and prepared for the specific assignment by the employing district or approved private school. A written plan of assistance will be developed, in cooperation with the person to be employed within twenty working days from the commencement of the assignment. In addition, prior to service the person will be apprised of any legal liability, the responsibilities of a professional educator, the lines of authority, and the duration of the assignment;

(iv) Within the first sixty working days, personnel so certificated will complete sixty clock hours (six quarter hours or four semester hours) of course work in pedagogy and child/adolescent development appropriate to the assigned grade level(s) as approved by the employing school district or approved private school.

(f) The certificate is valid for two years or less, as evidenced by the expiration date which is printed on the certificate, and only for the activity specified. The certificate may be reissued for two years and for two-year intervals thereafter upon application by the employing local school district, approved private school, or educational service district and upon completion of sixty clock hours (six quarter hours or four semester hours) of course work since the issuance of the most recent certificate. The requesting local school district, approved private school, or educational service district shall verify that the sixty clock hours taken for the reissuance of the certificate shall be designed to support the participant's professional growth and enhance the participant's instructional knowledge or skills to better assist students meeting the state learning goals and/or essential academic learning requirements.

(2) Substitute certificate.

(a) The substitute certificate entitles the holder to act as substitute during the absence of the regularly certificated staff member for a period not to exceed thirty consecutive school days during the school year in any one assignment. This certificate may be issued to:

(i) Teachers, educational staff associates or administrators whose state of regular Washington certificates have expired; or

(ii) Persons who have completed state approved preparation programs and baccalaureate degrees at regionally accredited colleges and universities for certificates; or

(iii) Persons applying as out-of-state applicants who qualify for certification pursuant to WAC 180-79A-257 (2)(c) and (d).

(b) The substitute certificate is valid for life((: Provided, That if the district or approved private school has exhausted or reasonably anticipates it will exhaust its list of qualified substitutes who are willing to serve as substitutes, the superintendent of public instruction may issue emergency substitute certificates to persons not fully qualified under this subsection for use in a particular school district or approved private school once the list of otherwise qualified substitutes has been exhausted. Such emergency substitute certificates shall be valid for three years or less, as evidenced by the expiration date which is printed on the certificate)).

(3) Emergency certification.

(a) Emergency certification for specific positions may be issued upon the recommendation of school district and educational service district superintendents or approved private school administrators to persons who hold the appropriate degree and have substantially completed a program of preparation in accordance with Washington requirements for certification: Provided, That a qualified person who holds regular certification is not available or that the position is essential and circumstances warrant consideration of issuance of an emergency certificate: Provided further, That a candidate for emergency certification as a school counselor, school psychologist, or social worker shall be the best qualified of the candidates for the position as verified by the employing school district and shall have completed all course work for the required master's degree with the exception of the internship: Provided further, That a candidate for emergency certification as a school psychologist shall be enrolled in an approved school psychologist preparation program and shall be participating in the required internship.

(b) The emergency certificate is valid for one year or less, as evidenced by the expiration date which is printed on the certificate.

(4) Emergency substitute certification.

(a) If the district or approved private school has exhausted or reasonably anticipates it will exhaust its list of qualified substitutes who are willing to serve as substitutes, the superintendent of public instruction may issue emergency substitute certificates to persons not fully qualified under subsection (2) of this section for use in a particular school district or approved private school once the list of otherwise qualified substitutes has been exhausted.

(b) Such emergency substitute certificates shall be valid for three years or less, as evidenced by the expiration date which is printed on the certificate.

(5) Nonimmigrant alien exchange teacher. Applicants for certification as a nonimmigrant alien exchange teacher must qualify pursuant to WAC 180-79A-270 and be eligible to serve as a teacher in the elementary or secondary schools of the country of residence.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-79A-231, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-79A-253
Reinstatement of certificates.

Only a continuing certificate may be reinstated. A holder of a lapsed, surrendered, or revoked continuing ((professional)) certificate at the time of application for reinstatement of such certificate must submit the following:

(1) Character evidence as required by WAC 180-79A-150(2) for candidates for certification.

(2) In accordance with RCW 28A.410.110, a revoked certificate may not be reinstated within one calendar year from the date of revocation.

(3) Provided, That no certificate may be reinstated if more than five calendar years has passed since the date of surrender or revocation; however, such applicants may apply pursuant to WAC 180-79A-124 for a new certificate under requirements in effect at the time of application.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-79A-253, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-01-174, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99)

WAC 180-79A-299
Transition policies.

The transition to the endorsement policies described in chapter 180-82 WAC will include the following policies:

(1) Endorsement requirements as described in WAC 180-79A-300 through 180-79A-398 shall sunset effective August 31, 2000.

(2) Candidates for endorsements on teacher certificates on, or before, August 31, 2000, shall meet requirements as described in WAC 180-79A-300 through 180-79A-398; after August 31, 2000, candidates for endorsements on teacher certificates shall meet requirements as described in chapter 180-82 WAC.

(3) Colleges and universities may permit an individual accepted into programs in Washington state on, or before, August 31, 2000, to obtain endorsements under the requirements in WAC 180-79A-300 through 180-79A-398, if the individual completes the endorsement program on, or before, August 31, 2003, and the college or university verifies endorsement program completion to the superintendent of public instruction on, or before, December 31, 2003.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-01-174, 180-79A-299, filed 12/23/98, effective 1/23/99.]

OTS-3316.3


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-04-008, filed 1/21/99, effective 2/21/99)

WAC 180-82-202
Certificate endorsements.

Teacher certificates shall be endorsed as follows:

(1) All levels:

(a) Bilingual education, (supporting).

(b) Designated arts: Dance, (supporting).

(c) Designated arts: Drama, (supporting).

(d) Designated arts: Music: Choral, instrumental or general, (primary).

(e) Designated arts: Visual arts, (primary).

(f) Designated world languages, (primary and supporting).

(g) English as a second language, (supporting).

(h) Health/fitness, (primary).

(i) Library media, (primary and supporting).

(j) Reading, (primary and supporting).

(k) Special education, (primary).

(2) Early childhood ((education, (primary and supporting))):

(a) Early childhood education, (primary and supporting).

(b) Early childhood special education, (primary).

(3) Elementary education, (primary).

(4) Middle level, (primary).

(5) Secondary level:

(a) Designated science: Biology, (primary and supporting).

(b) Designated science: Chemistry, (primary and supporting).

(c) Designated science: Earth science, (primary and supporting).

(d) Designated science: Physics, (primary and supporting).

(e) Designated vocational/technical: Agriculture education, business education, family and consumer sciences education, marketing education, and technology education, (primary).

(f) English, (primary).

(g) English/language arts, (primary).

(h) History, (primary).

(i) Mathematics, (primary and supporting).

(j) Science, (primary).

(k) Social studies, (primary).

(6) Traffic safety endorsements may be noted on certificates issued under chapter 180-79A WAC if the candidate meets the requirements of the regulations promulgated by the superintendent of public instruction pursuant to RCW 28A.220.020(3).

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-04-008, 180-82-202, filed 1/21/99, effective 2/21/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-04-008, filed 1/21/99, effective 2/21/99)

WAC 180-82-210
Primary and supporting endorsements.

(1) All endorsements obtained under the requirements in chapter 180-82 WAC shall be designated as either primary or supporting endorsements on teaching certificates.

(2) All candidates for teaching certificates shall be required to obtain a primary endorsement ((which shall require a minimum of forty-five quarter credit hours (thirty semester credit hours) of academic study (or its equivalent) in the endorsement area)).

(3) Primary endorsements shall require a minimum of forty-five quarter credit hours (thirty semester credit hours) of academic study (or its equivalent) in the endorsement area: Provided, That primary endorsements for broad area endorsements (i.e., English/language arts, science, and social studies) shall require sixty quarter credit hours (forty semester credit hours) of academic study (or its equivalent) in the endorsement area.

(4) Supporting endorsements shall require a minimum of twenty-four quarter credit hours (sixteen semester credit hours) of academic study (or its equivalent) in the endorsement area((: Provided, That supporting endorsements for broad area endorsements shall require thirty quarter credit hours (twenty semester credit hours) of academic study in the endorsement area)).

(((4))) (5) The state board of education or its designee may establish performance/competency criteria for obtaining an endorsement.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-04-008, 180-82-210, filed 1/21/99, effective 2/21/99.]


AMENDATORY SECTION(Amending WSR 99-04-008, filed 1/21/99, effective 2/21/99)

WAC 180-82-215
Implementation policies.

(1) All teachers who obtain endorsements after August 31, 2000, shall meet the requirements in chapter 180-82 WAC: Provided, That colleges and universities may permit an individual accepted into programs in Washington state on, or before, August 31, 2000, to obtain endorsements under the requirements in WAC 180-79A-300 through 180-79A-398, if the individual completes the endorsement program on, or before, August 31, 2003, and the college or university verifies endorsement program completion to the superintendent of public instruction on, or before, December 31, 2003: Provided further, That the state board of education or its designee may waive this requirement on a case-by-case basis.

(2) Teachers applying for a continuing or professional certificate after August 31, 2000, shall be required to obtain only one endorsement.

[Statutory Authority: RCW 28A.305.130 (1) and (2), 28A.410.010 and 28A.150.220(4).  99-04-008, 180-82-215, filed 1/21/99, effective 2/21/99.]

Washington State Code Reviser's Office